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Code of Alabama - Title 32: Motor Vehicles and Traffic - Chapter 5A - Rules of the Road

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  • Article 1 General Provisions.
    • Section 32-5A-1 Short title
      This chapter may be cited as the Alabama Rules of the Road Act. ...
    • Section 32-5A-2 Provisions of chapter refer to vehicles upon highways; exceptions
      The provisions of this chapter relating to the operation of vehicles refer exclusively to the operation of vehicles upon highways except: (1) Where a ...
    • Section 32-5A-3 Required obedience to traffic laws
      It is unlawful and, unless otherwise declared in this chapter with respect to particular offenses, it is a misdemeanor for any person to do ...
    • Section 32-5A-4 Obedience to police officers and firemen
      No person shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any police officer or fireman invested by law ...
    • Section 32-5A-5 Persons riding animals or driving animal-drawn vehicles
      Every person riding an animal or driving any animal-drawn vehicle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject ...
    • Section 32-5A-6 Persons working on highways; exceptions
      Unless specifically made applicable, the provisions of this chapter except Sections 32-5A-190, 32-5A-191 and 32-5A-194 shall not apply to persons, teams, motor vehicles and ...
    • Section 32-5A-7 Authorized emergency vehicles
      (a) The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an emergency call or when in the pursuit of an actual or suspected ...
    • Section 32-5A-8 Violations as misdemeanor; penalties
      (a) It is a misdemeanor for any person to violate any of the provisions of this chapter or of Title 32, unless such violation ...
    • Section 32-5A-9 Penalty for felony
      Any person who is convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter herein or by the laws of this state ...
    • Section 32-5A-10 Disposition of fines and forfeitures
      (a) All fines and forfeitures collected upon conviction or upon forfeiture of bail of any person charged with a violation of any of the ...
    • Section 32-5A-11 Uniformity of interpretation
      This chapter shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of various jurisdictions. ...
    • Section 32-5A-12 Chapter not retroactive
      This chapter shall not have a retroactive effect and shall not apply to any traffic accident, to any cause of action arising out of ...
    • Section 32-5A-13 Provisions cumulative; laws not repealed
      The provisions of this chapter are cumulative and shall not be construed to repeal or supersede any laws not inconsistent herewith. Without limitation of ...
  • Article 2 Traffic Signs, Signals and Markings.
    • Section 32-5A-30 Uniform marking of highways and erection of traffic-control devices
      (a) The Department of Transportation is authorized to classify, designate, and mark both interstate and intrastate highways lying within the boundaries of this state. ...
    • Section 32-5A-31 Obedience to traffic-control devices; devices presumed to comply with requirements
      (a) The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of any official traffic-control device applicable thereto placed in accordance with law, unless otherwise ...
    • Section 32-5A-32 Traffic-control signal legend
      Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals exhibiting different colored lights, or colored lighted arrows, successively one at a time or in combination, only ...
    • Section 32-5A-33 Pedestrian-control signals
      Whenever special pedestrian-control signals exhibiting the words or symbols "walk" or "don't walk" are in place such signals shall indicate as follows: (1) "WALK". ...
    • Section 32-5A-34 Flashing signals
      (a) Whenever an illuminated flashing red or yellow signal is used in a traffic sign or signal it shall require obedience by vehicular traffic ...
    • Section 32-5A-35 Lane-direction-control signals
      When lane-direction-control signals are placed over the individual lanes of a street or highway, vehicular traffic may travel in any lane over which a ...
    • Section 32-5A-36 Display of unauthorized signs, signals, or markings as public nuisance; signs, markings, etc., to be approved; procedure for approval
      (a) No person shall place, maintain, or display upon or in view of any highway any unauthorized sign, signal, marking, or device which purports ...
    • Section 32-5A-37 Interference with official traffic-control devices or railroad signs or signals
      No person shall, without lawful authority, attempt to or in fact alter, deface, injure, knock down, or remove any official traffic-control device or any ...
  • Article 3 Operation and Use of Vehicles Generally.
    • Section 32-5A-50 Unattended motor vehicle
      No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, ...
    • Section 32-5A-51 Limitations on backing
      (a) The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with safety and without interfering with other ...
    • Section 32-5A-52 Driving upon sidewalk
      No person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. ...
    • Section 32-5A-53 Obstruction to driver's view or driving mechanism
      (a) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is loaded, or when there are in the front seat such a number of persons ...
    • Section 32-5A-54 Opening and closing vehicle doors
      No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe ...
    • Section 32-5A-55 Riding in house trailers
      No person or persons shall occupy a house trailer while it is being moved upon a public highway. ...
    • Section 32-5A-56 Driving on mountain highways
      The driver of a motor vehicle traveling through defiles or canyons or on mountain highways shall hold such motor vehicle under control and as ...
    • Section 32-5A-57 Coasting prohibited
      (a) The driver of any motor vehicle when traveling upon a down grade shall not coast with the gears or transmission of such vehicle ...
    • Section 32-5A-58 Following emergency vehicle prohibited
      The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any authorized emergency vehicle traveling in response to an emergency ...
    • Section 32-5A-58.1 Yielding right-of-way to stationary authorized emergency vehicle
      Repealed by Act 2009-577, p. 1695, SS4, effective August 1, 2009. ...
    • Section 32-5A-58.2 Moving over or reducing speed when approaching law enforcement vehicles or emergency vehicles, etc
      (a) This section shall be known as the "Alabama Move Over Act." (b)(1) When an authorized law enforcement vehicle or emergency vehicle making use ...
    • Section 32-5A-58.3 Yielding right-of-way to vehicles and pedestrian workers engaged in collection of garbage, trash, refuse, or recycling materials
      (a) The driver of a motor vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian worker engaged in the collection of garbage, trash, refuse, or ...
    • Section 32-5A-59 Crossing fire hose
      No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department when laid down on any street, private road, or driveway to ...
    • Section 32-5A-60 Putting glass, etc., on highway, road, street, or public right-of-way prohibited; removal; throwing of litter onto highway, etc., prohibited; penalty
      (a) No person shall throw or deposit upon any highway, road or street or public right-of-way any glass bottle, glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans, ...
    • Section 32-5A-61 Driver not to proceed where traffic obstructed
      No driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk or drive onto any railroad grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the ...
    • Section 32-5A-62 Snowmobile operation limited
      (a) No person shall operate a snowmobile on any controlled-access highway. (b) No person shall operate a snowmobile on any other highway except when ...
  • Article 4 Driving on and Use of Roadways Generally; Overtaking and Passing.
    • Section 32-5A-80 Driving on right side of roadway; exceptions
      (a) Upon all roadways of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway, except as follows: (1) When ...
    • Section 32-5A-81 Passing vehicles proceeding in opposite directions
      Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right, and upon roadways having width for not more than one ...
    • Section 32-5A-82 Overtaking vehicle on left
      The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to those limitations, exceptions, and special rules ...
    • Section 32-5A-83 When passing on right permitted
      (a) The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions: (1) When the ...
    • Section 32-5A-84 Limitations on overtaking on left
      No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the ...
    • Section 32-5A-85 Further limitations on driving on left of center of roadway
      (a) No vehicle shall be driven on the left side of the roadway under the following conditions: (1) When approaching or upon the crest ...
    • Section 32-5A-86 No-passing zones
      (a) The Department of Transportation and local authorities are hereby authorized to determine those portions of any highway under their respective jurisdictions where overtaking ...
    • Section 32-5A-87 One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands
      (a) The Department of Transportation and local authorities with respect to highways under their respective jurisdictions may designate any highway, roadway, part of a ...
    • Section 32-5A-88 Driving on roadways laned for traffic
      Whenever any roadway has been divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for traffic the following rules in addition to all others consistent ...
    • Section 32-5A-89 Following too closely
      (a) The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed ...
    • Section 32-5A-90 Driving on divided highways
      Whenever any highway has been divided into two or more roadways by leaving an intervening space or by a physical barrier or clearly indicated ...
    • Section 32-5A-91 Access onto controlled roadways restricted
      No person shall drive a vehicle onto or from any controlled access roadway except at such entrances and exits as are established by public ...
    • Section 32-5A-92 Restrictions on use of controlled-access roadway
      (a) The Department of Transportation by resolution or order entered in its minutes, and local authorities by ordinance, may regulate or prohibit the use ...
    • Section 32-5A-93 Law enforcement officers authorized to operate motorized bicycle, mopeds, etc., on streets, highways, and sidewalks
      (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, or any other provision of law, a sworn officer of any law enforcement agency may operate ...
  • Article 5 Right-of-way.
    • Section 32-5A-110 Vehicle approaching or entering intersection
      (a) When two vehicles approach or enter an intersection from different highways at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the ...
    • Section 32-5A-111 Vehicle turning left
      The driver of a vehicle intending to turn to the left within an intersection or into an alley, private road, or driveway shall yield ...
    • Section 32-5A-112 Vehicle entering stop or yield intersection; collision as prima facie evidence of failure to yield
      (a) Preferential right-of-way at an intersection may be indicated by stop signs or yield signs as authorized in Section 32-5A-113. (b) Except when directed ...
    • Section 32-5A-113 Authority to designate through highways and stop and yield intersections
      The Department of Transportation with reference to state highways and local authorities with reference to highways under their jurisdictions may erect and maintain stop ...
    • Section 32-5A-114 Vehicles entering highway from private road or roadway
      The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a roadway from any place other than another roadway shall yield the right-of-way to ...
    • Section 32-5A-115 Operation of vehicles on approach of authorized emergency vehicles; signals on emergency vehicles; duty of emergency vehicle driver
      (a) Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle equipped with at least one lighted lamp and audible signal as is required by ...
    • Section 32-5A-116 Highway construction and maintenance
      (a) The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to any authorized vehicle or pedestrian actually engaged in work upon a highway within ...
  • Article 6 Turning, Starting and Stopping Generally.
    • Section 32-5A-130 Required position and method of turning at intersections
      The driver of a vehicle intending to turn shall do so as follows: (1) RIGHT TURNS. Both the approach for a right turn and ...
    • Section 32-5A-131 Turning on curve or crest of grade prohibited
      (a) The driver of any vehicle shall not turn such vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction unless such movement can be ...
    • Section 32-5A-132 Starting parked vehicle
      No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing, or parked unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety. ...
    • Section 32-5A-133 Turning movements and required signals
      (a) No person shall turn a vehicle or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with ...
    • Section 32-5A-134 Signals by hand and arm or signal lamps
      (a) Any stop or turn signal when required herein shall be given either by means of the hand and arm or by signal lamps, ...
    • Section 32-5A-135 Method of giving hand and arm signals
      All signals herein required given by hand and arm shall be given from the left side of the vehicle in the following manner and ...
    • Section 32-5A-136 Stopping, standing, or parking outside of business or residence districts
      (a) Outside a business or residence district no person shall stop, park, or leave standing any vehicle, whether attended or unattended, upon the roadway ...
    • Section 32-5A-137 Stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places
      (a) Except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic, or in compliance with law or the directions of a police officer or official ...
    • Section 32-5A-138 Additional parking regulations
      (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a two-way roadway shall be so stopped or parked with ...
    • Section 32-5A-139 Officers authorized to remove vehicles
      (a) Whenever any police officer finds a vehicle standing upon a highway in violation of any of the provisions of Section 32-5A-136 such officer ...
  • Article 7 Special Stops Required.
    • Section 32-5A-150 Obedience to signal indicating approach of train
      (a) Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing under any of the circumstances stated in this section, the driver of ...
    • Section 32-5A-151 Certain vehicles must stop at all railroad grade crossings; exceptions
      (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the driver of any vehicle described in regulations issued pursuant to subsection (c), before crossing at grade ...
    • Section 32-5A-152 Moving heavy equipment at railroad grade crossings
      (a) No person shall operate or move any crawler-type tractor, steam shovel, derrick, roller, or any equipment or structure having a normal operating speed ...
    • Section 32-5A-153 Emerging from alley, driveway, or building
      The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, building, private road, or driveway within a business or residence district shall stop such vehicle ...
    • Section 32-5A-154 Overtaking and passing school bus or church bus; penalties and fines
      (a) The driver of a vehicle upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped for the purpose of receiving ...
    • Section 32-5A-155 Visual signals on school and church buses
      (a) Every school bus shall, and every church bus may, in addition to any other equipment and distinctive markings required by this chapter, be ...
  • Article 8 Speed Restrictions.
    • Section 32-5A-170 Reasonable and prudent speed
      No person shall drive a vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard to the actual ...
    • Section 32-5A-171 Maximum limits
      Except when a special hazard exists that requires lower speed for compliance with Section 32-5A-170, the limits hereinafter specified or established as hereinafter authorized ...
    • Section 32-5A-172 Establishment of state speed zones
      Whenever the Director of Public Safety and the Director of Transportation, with the approval of the Governor, shall determine upon the basis of an ...
    • Section 32-5A-173 When local authorities may and shall alter maximum limits
      (a) Whenever local authorities in their respective jurisdictions determine on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation that the maximum speed permitted under ...
    • Section 32-5A-174 Minimum speed regulation
      (a) No person shall drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic except ...
    • Section 32-5A-175 Special speed limitation on motor-driven cycles
      No person shall operate any motor-driven cycle at any time from a half hour after sunset to a half hour before sunrise nor at ...
    • Section 32-5A-176 Special speed limitation over bridge or elevated structure; conclusive evidence of speed
      (a) No person shall drive a vehicle over any bridge or other elevated structure constituting a part of a highway at a speed which ...
    • Section 32-5A-176.1 Speed limits in construction zones
      (a) The State Department of Transportation may set the speed limits in urban and rural construction zones along state and interstate highways and the ...
    • Section 32-5A-177 Charging violations; burden of proof in civil actions; arrest for violation of speed laws communicated from officer operating measuring device to another officer; testimony derived from use of speed measuring device
      (a) In every charge of violation of any speed regulation in this article the complaint, also the summons or notice to appear, shall specify ...
    • Section 32-5A-178 Racing on highways; penalties
      (a) No person shall drive any vehicle on any highway in any race, speed competition or contest, drag race or acceleration contest, test of ...
  • Article 8A County and Municipal Reduced Speed School Zone Act.
    • Section 32-5A-180 Short title
      This article shall be known as the County and Municipal Reduced Speed School Zone Act. ...
    • Section 32-5A-181 Definitions
      For the purposes of this article, the following words have the following meanings: (1) REDUCED SPEED SCHOOL ZONE. A designated length of a road ...
    • Section 32-5A-182 Reduced speed school zones established
      A reduced speed school zone is established for any school in the county outside the corporate limits of a municipality, including schools along state-maintained ...
    • Section 32-5A-183 Maintenance of signs
      (a) Signs on a reduced speed school zone located on a county-maintained road shall be maintained by the county commission. (b) Signs on a ...
    • Section 32-5A-184 Speed limits; enforcement
      School zone speed limits shall be posted on the State Department of Transportation's standard size speed limit signs and the times when the reduced ...
    • Section 32-5A-185 Violations
      Upon conviction of a school zone speed violation, the operator of the motor vehicle shall be assessed a fine of double the amount prescribed ...
    • Section 32-5A-186 Fines
      The proceeds from any fines collected pursuant to this article payable to a county or municipality pursuant to state law shall be paid into ...
  • Article 9 Serious Traffic Offenses.
    • Section 32-5A-190 Reckless driving
      (a) Any person who drives any vehicle carelessly and heedlessly in willful or wanton disregard for the rights or safety of persons or property, ...
    • Section 32-5A-191 Driving while under influence of alcohol, controlled substances, etc
      (a) A person shall not drive or be in actual physical control of any vehicle while: (1) There is 0.08 percent or more by ...
    • Section 32-5A-191.1 (Repealed effective October 1, 1997) Additional fines on persons convicted of offenses involving driving under the influence
      Repealed by Acts 1997, No. 97-556, p. 985, effective October 1, 1997. ...
    • Section 32-5A-191.2 Administration and disposition of moneys in Impaired Drivers Trust Fund
      (a) Beginning October 1, 1994, moneys in the Impaired Drivers Trust Fund shall be distributed to the Division of Rehabilitation Services in the State ...
    • Section 32-5A-191.3 Operation of vessel and other marine devices while under influence of alcohol or controlled substances
      (a) A person shall not operate or be in actual physical control of any vessel, or manipulate any water skis, aquaplane, or any other ...
    • Section 32-5A-191.4 Ignition interlock devices
      (a) As used in Section 32-5A-191, the term, "ignition interlock device" means a constant monitoring device that prevents a motor vehicle from being started ...
    • Section 32-5A-192 Homicide by vehicle or vessel
      (a) Whoever shall unlawfully and unintentionally cause the death of another person while engaged in the violation of any state law or municipal ordinance ...
    • Section 32-5A-193 Fleeing or attempting to elude police officer
      Repealed by Act 2009-616, p. 1779, SS6, effective August 1, 2009. ...
    • Section 32-5A-194 Chemical tests; admissible as evidence; procedure for valid chemical analyses; permits for individuals performing analyses; persons qualified to withdraw blood; presumptions based on percent of alcohol in blood; refusal to submit; no liability for technician
      (a) Upon the trial of any civil, criminal, or quasi-criminal action or proceeding arising out of acts alleged to have been committed by any ...
    • Section 32-5A-194.1 Effect of certification permits issued by State Board of Health; effect of rules and regulations enacted by State Board of Health
      All certification permits issued by the State Board of Health shall remain in effect until their termination date or reissued by the Department of ...
    • Section 32-5A-195 Cancellation, suspension, or revocation of driver's license; grounds, procedure, etc
      (a) The Director of Public Safety is hereby authorized to cancel any driver's license upon determining that the licensee was not entitled to the ...
  • Article 9A Safe Streets Act.
    • Section 32-5A-200 Short title
      Repealed by Act 98-470, SS 2, effective May 1, 1998. ...
    • Section 32-5A-201 Legislative findings
      Repealed by Act 98-470, SS 2, effective May 1, 1998. ...
    • Section 32-5A-202 Definitions
      Repealed by Act 98-470, SS 2, effective May 1, 1998. ...
    • Section 32-5A-203 Seizure and forfeiture of vehicle driven by person driving while license suspended or revoked
      Repealed by Act 98-470, SS 2, effective May 1, 1998. ...
    • Section 32-5A-204 Court to inform defendant convicted of violating §32-5A-191 that vehicle subject to forfeiture if driven on highway
      Repealed by Act 98-470, SS 2, effective May 1, 1998. ...
    • Section 32-5A-205 Enactment of ordinance which provides for administrative sanctions involving impoundment of vehicles
      Repealed by Act 98-470, SS 2, effective May 1, 1998. ...
  • Article 10 Pedestrians' Rights and Duties.
    • Section 32-5A-210 Pedestrian obedience to traffic-control devices and traffic regulations
      (a) A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any official traffic-control device specifically applicable to him or her, unless otherwise directed by a police ...
    • Section 32-5A-211 Pedestrians' right-of-way in crosswalks
      (a) When traffic-control signals are not in place or not in operation the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or ...
    • Section 32-5A-212 Crossing at other than crosswalks
      (a) Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall ...
    • Section 32-5A-213 Drivers to exercise care
      Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter or the provisions of any local ordinance, every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid ...
    • Section 32-5A-214 Pedestrians to use right half of crosswalks
      Pedestrians shall move, whenever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks. ...
    • Section 32-5A-215 Pedestrians on roadways
      (a) Where a sidewalk is provided and its use is practicable, it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to walk along and upon an ...
    • Section 32-5A-216 Pedestrian soliciting rides or business or fishing
      (a) No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride. (b) No person shall stand on a highway for ...
    • Section 32-5A-217 Driving through safety zone prohibited
      No vehicle shall at any time be driven through or within a safety zone. ...
    • Section 32-5A-218 Pedestrians' right-of-way on sidewalks
      The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian on sidewalk. ...
    • Section 32-5A-219 Pedestrians to yield to authorized emergency vehicles
      (a) Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle making use of an audible signal meeting the requirements of Section 32-5-213 and visual ...
    • Section 32-5A-220 Right-of-way to blind persons, guide dogs in training
      The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to any blind pedestrian carrying a clearly visible white cane or accompanied by a guide ...
    • Section 32-5A-221 Pedestrians under influence of alcohol or drugs
      A pedestrian who is under the influence of alcohol or any drug to a degree which renders himself or herself a hazard shall not ...
    • Section 32-5A-222 Bridge and railroad signals
      (a) No pedestrian shall enter or remain upon any bridge or approach thereto beyond the bridge signal, gate, or barrier after a bridge operation ...
  • Article 11 Motorcycles.
    • Section 32-5A-240 Traffic laws apply to persons operating motorcycles
      Every person operating a motorcycle shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the ...
    • Section 32-5A-241 Riding on motorcycles
      (a) A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any ...
    • Section 32-5A-242 Operating motorcycles on roadways laned for traffic
      (a) All motorcycles are entitled to full use of a lane and no motor vehicle shall be driven in such a manner as to ...
    • Section 32-5A-243 Clinging to other vehicles
      No person riding upon a motorcycle shall attach himself or herself or the motorcycle to any other vehicle on a roadway. ...
    • Section 32-5A-244 Footrests and handlebars
      (a) Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be equipped with footrests for such passenger. (b) No ...
    • Section 32-5A-245 Headgear and shoes required for motorcycle riders; approval of headgear; responsibility for juvenile riders; sale of helmets
      (a) No person shall operate or ride upon a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle unless he or she is wearing protective headgear which complies with ...
  • Article 12 Bicycles and Play Vehicles.
    • Section 32-5A-260 Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles
      Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties ...
    • Section 32-5A-261 Riding on bicycles
      (a) A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto. (b) No bicycle ...
    • Section 32-5A-262 Clinging to vehicles
      No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled, or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any vehicle upon a ...
    • Section 32-5A-263 Riding on roadways and bicycle paths; right side signalling
      (a) Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due ...
    • Section 32-5A-264 Carrying articles
      No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle, or article which prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand upon the ...
    • Section 32-5A-265 Lamps and other equipment on bicycles
      (a) Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible ...
    • Section 32-5A-266 Violations of article as misdemeanor; responsibility of parent or guardian; applicability of article
      (a) It is a misdemeanor for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required in this article. (b) ...
  • Article 13 Bicycle Safety.
    • Section 32-5A-280 Short title
      This article shall be known and may be cited as the "Brad Hudson-Alabama Bicycle Safety Act of 1995." ...
    • Section 32-5A-281 Definitions
      As used in this article, the following words shall have the following meanings: (1) BICYCLE. A human-powered vehicle with two wheels in tandem design ...
    • Section 32-5A-282 Purpose
      The purpose of this article is to reduce the incidence of disability and death resulting from injuries incurred in bicycling accidents by requiring that, ...
    • Section 32-5A-283 Unlawful for person to use bicycle under certain conditions
      It is unlawful for any person to use a bicycle on a public roadway, public bicycle path, other public rights-of-way, state, city, or county ...
    • Section 32-5A-284 Duties of person regularly engaged in business of renting bicyles
      (a) A person regularly engaged in the business of renting bicycles shall require each person seeking to rent a bicycle to provide his or ...
    • Section 32-5A-285 Statewide bicycle safety education program; manner violations handled
      It is the legislative intent to implement an effective statewide bicycle safety education program to reduce disability and death resulting from improper or unsafe ...
    • Section 32-5A-286 Establishment of more comprehensive bicycle safety program by ordinance
      A municipality may establish a more comprehensive bicycle safety program than that imposed by this article by local ordinance. ...
  • Article 14 Suspension of Driving Privileges for Alcohol Related Offenses.
    • Section 32-5A-300 Determinations requiring suspension of driving privileges by director; basis for, and finality of, determination; relationship to disposition of criminal charges
      (a) The director, or his or her agent, shall suspend the driving privilege of any person upon a determination that the person drove or ...
    • Section 32-5A-301 Report of arresting officer
      (a) A law enforcement officer who arrests any person for a violation of Section 32-5A-191 shall within five days after the day of arrest, ...
    • Section 32-5A-302 Determination by director; notice
      (a) Upon receipt of the report of the law enforcement officer, the director, or his or her agent, shall make the determination described in ...
    • Section 32-5A-303 Notice of intended suspension
      (a) If the chemical test results for a person charged with a violation of Section 32-5A-191 show 0.08 percent or more by weight of ...
    • Section 32-5A-304 Period of suspension; relation to Section 32-5A-191
      (a) A driving privilege suspension shall become effective 45 days after the person has received a notice of intended suspension as provided in Section ...
    • Section 32-5A-305 Minimum periods of suspension; reinstatement
      (a) The periods of suspension specified by Section 32-5A-304 are intended to be minimum periods of suspension for the described conduct. No driving privilege ...
    • Section 32-5A-306 Administrative review
      (a) Any person who has received a notice of suspension or a notice of intended suspension under this article may request an administrative review. ...
    • Section 32-5A-307 Administrative hearing
      (a) Any person who has received a notice of intended suspension pursuant to Section 32-5A-303 or a notice of suspension pursuant to Section 32-5A-302 ...
    • Section 32-5A-308 Judicial review
      Within 30 days of the issuance of the final determination of the department following a hearing under Section 32-5A-307, a person aggrieved by the ...
    • Section 32-5A-309 Applicability of article
      This article applies to conduct occurring after its effective date. Conduct occurring before the effective date of this article shall be governed by pre-existing ...
  • Article 15 Possession of Open Container of Alcoholic Beverages in Motor Vehicle Prohibited.
    • Section 32-5A-330 Definitions; applicability; violations
      (a) As used in this section, the following terms are defined: (1) OPEN CONTAINER. A container which is other than in the manufacturer's sealed ...
  • Article 16 Text Messaging While OPerating a Motor Vehicle; Prohbited.
    • Section 32-5A-350 Definitions; prohibited activities; fines; exceptions
      (a) For purposes of this article, the following words have the following meanings: (1) WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATION DEVICE. A handheld cellular telephone, a text-messaging device, ...
    • Section 32-5A-351 Violations
      A conviction of this article shall be entered on the driving record of any individual charged under this article as a two-point violation. ...
    • Section 32-5A-352 Disposition of funds; reporting
      (a) In any case brought by a law enforcement officer employed by the Department of Public Safety all fines shall be allocated to the ...

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    Last modified: March 18, 2014