(1) An advance directive or a health care decision by a health care representative may:
(a) If it involves the decision to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining procedures or artificially administered nutrition and hydration, be revoked at any time and in any manner by which the principal is able to communicate the intent to revoke; or
(b) Be revoked at any time and in any manner by a capable principal.
(2) Revocation is effective upon communication by the principal to the attending physician or health care provider, or to the health care representative. If the communication is to the health care representative, and the principal is incapable and is under the care of a health care provider known to the representative, the health care representative must promptly inform the attending physician or health care provider of the revocation.
(3) Upon learning of the revocation, the health care provider or attending physician shall cause the revocation to be made a part of the principalís medical records.
(4) Execution of a valid power of attorney for health care revokes any prior power of attorney for health care. Unless the health care instruction provides otherwise, execution of a valid health care instruction revokes any prior health care instruction.
(5) Unless the advance directive provides otherwise, the directions as to health care decisions in a valid advance directive supersede:
(a) Any directions contained in a previous court appointment or advance directive; and
(b) Any prior inconsistent expression of desires with respect to health care decisions.
(6) Unless the power of attorney for health care provides otherwise, valid appointment of an attorney-in-fact for health care supersedes:
(a) Any power of a guardian or other person appointed by a court to make health care decisions for the protected person; and
(b) Any other prior appointment or designation of a health care representative.
(7) Unless the power of attorney for health care expressly provides otherwise, a power of attorney for health care is suspended:
(a) If both the attorney-in-fact and the alternative attorney-in-fact have withdrawn; or
(b) If the power of attorney names the principalís spouse as attorney-in-fact, a petition for dissolution or annulment of marriage is filed and the principal does not reaffirm the appointment in writing after the filing of the petition.
(8) If the principal has both a valid health care instruction and a valid power of attorney for health care, and the directions reflected in those documents are inconsistent, the document last executed governs to the extent of the inconsistency.
(9) Any reinstatement of an advance directive must be in writing. [1989 c.914 §9; 1993 c.571 §26a; 1993 c.767 §12]Section: Previous 127.515 127.520 127.525 127.530 127.531 127.535 127.540 127.545 127.550 127.555 127.560 127.565 127.570 127.575 127.580 Next
Last modified: August 7, 2008