Grading of theft offenses - 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3903

     § 3903.  Grading of theft offenses.
        (a)  Felony of the second degree.--Theft constitutes a felony
     of the second degree if:
            (1)  The offense is committed during a manmade disaster,
        a natural disaster or a war-caused disaster and constitutes a
        violation of section 3921 (relating to theft by unlawful
        taking or disposition), 3925 (relating to receiving stolen
        property), 3928 (relating to unauthorized use of automobiles
        and other vehicles) or 3929 (relating to retail theft).
            (2)  The property stolen is a firearm.
            (3)  In the case of theft by receiving stolen property,
        the property received, retained or disposed of is a firearm
        and the receiver is in the business of buying or selling
        stolen property.
            (4)  The property stolen is any amount of anhydrous
        (a.1)  Felony of the third degree.--Except as provided in
     subsection (a), theft constitutes a felony of the third degree
     if the amount involved exceeds $2,000, or if the property stolen
     is an automobile, airplane, motorcycle, motorboat or other
     motor-propelled vehicle, or in the case of theft by receiving
     stolen property, if the receiver is in the business of buying or
     selling stolen property.
        (b)  Other grades.--Theft not within subsection (a) or (a.1)
     of this section, constitutes a misdemeanor of the first degree,
     except that if the property was not taken from the person or by
     threat, or in breach of fiduciary obligation, and:
            (1)  the amount involved was $50 or more but less than
        $200 the offense constitutes a misdemeanor of the second
        degree; or
            (2)  the amount involved was less than $50 the offense
        constitutes a misdemeanor of the third degree.
        (c)  Valuation.--The amount involved in a theft shall be
     ascertained as follows:
            (1)  Except as otherwise specified in this section, value
        means the market value of the property at the time and place
        of the crime, or if such cannot be satisfactorily
        ascertained, the cost of replacement of the property within a
        reasonable time after the crime.
            (2)  Whether or not they have been issued or delivered,
        certain written instruments, not including those having a
        readily ascertainable market value such as some public and
        corporate bonds and securities, shall be evaluated as
                (i)  The value of an instrument constituting an
            evidence of debt, such as a check, draft or promissory
            note, shall be deemed the amount due or collectible
            thereon or thereby, such figure ordinarily being the face
            amount of the indebtedness less any portion thereof which
            has been satisfied.
                (ii)  The value of any other instrument which
            creates, releases, discharges or otherwise affects any
            valuable legal right, privilege or obligation shall be
            deemed the greatest amount of economic loss which the
            owner of the instrument might reasonably suffer by virtue
            of the loss of the instrument.
            (3)  When the value of property cannot be satisfactorily
        ascertained pursuant to the standards set forth in paragraphs
        (1) and (2) of this subsection its value shall be deemed to
        be an amount less than $50. Amounts involved in thefts
        committed pursuant to one scheme or course of conduct,
        whether from the same person or several persons, may be
        aggregated in determining the grade of the offense.
        (d)  Definitions.--As used in this section, the following
     words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this
        "Manmade disaster."  Any industrial, nuclear or
     transportation accident, explosion, conflagration, power
     failure, natural resource shortage or other condition, except
     enemy action, resulting from manmade causes, such as oil spills
     and other injurious environmental contamination, which threatens
     or causes substantial damage to property, human suffering,
     hardship or loss of life.
        "Natural disaster."  Any hurricane, tornado, storm, flood,
     high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, earthquake,
     landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, drought, fire, explosion or
     other catastrophe which results in substantial damage to
     property, hardship, suffering or possible loss of life.
        "War-caused disaster."  Any condition following an attack
     upon the United States resulting in substantial damage to
     property or injury to persons in the United States caused by use
     of bombs, missiles, shellfire, nuclear, radiological, chemical
     or biological means, or other weapons or overt paramilitary
     actions, or other conditions such as sabotage.
     (June 17, 1974, P.L.356, No.118, eff. imd.; Nov. 29, 1990,
     P.L.608, No.154, eff. 60 days; Dec. 15, 1999, P.L.915, No.59,
     eff. 60 days; Nov. 23, 2004, P.L.953, No.143, eff. 60 days)

        2004 Amendment.  Act 143 amended subsec. (a).
        1999 Amendment.  Act 59 amended subsecs. (a) and (a.1).
        Cross References.  Section 3903 is referred to in section
     3926 of this title.
Section:  Previous  3502  3503  3504  3701  3702  3901  3902  3903  3904  3921  3922  3923  3924  3925  3926  Next

Last modified: November 27, 2007