William H. Adair and Patricia Adair - Page 3
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NATO is an organization of sovereign states created by the
North Atlantic Treaty (treaty). 63 Stat. 2241 (1949), T.I.A.S.
1964, 34 U.N.T.S. 243. The original signatory states included
the United States of America, the Kingdom of Belgium, Canada, the
Kingdom of Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, the Grand Duchy of
Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Kingdom of
Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
NATO was organized in order to promote stability and well-
being in the North Atlantic region. The parties to the treaty
seek to preserve peace and security and to unite efforts for
their collective defense. Treaty Art. 2, 63 Stat. 2243.
Article 9 of the treaty created the North Atlantic Council
(council), a body on which each of the parties would be
represented. This council is the highest decision-making body in
NATO and is composed of permanent representatives appointed by
each of the NATO member states. The Council created various
committees which were supported by an international staff drawn
from all member states.
Member states entered into an additional agreement entitled
the Agreement on the Status of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization, National Representatives and International Staff.
This agreement was signed in Ottawa, Canada, on September 29,
1951, and is referred to herein as the Ottawa Agreement. 5
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