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Texas Civil Practice & Remedies Code - Section 12.002. Liability

Legal Research Home > Texas Laws > Civil Practice & Remedies Code > Texas Civil Practice & Remedies Code - Section 12.002. Liability

§ 12.002. LIABILITY. (a) A person may not make, present, or use a document or other record with: (1) knowledge that the document or other record is a fraudulent court record or a fraudulent lien or claim against real or personal property or an interest in real or personal property; (2) intent that the document or other record be given the same legal effect as a court record or document of a court created by or established under the constitution or laws of this state or the United States or another entity listed in Section 37.01, Penal Code, evidencing a valid lien or claim against real or personal property or an interest in real or personal property; and (3) intent to cause another person to suffer: (A) physical injury; (B) financial injury; or (C) mental anguish or emotional distress. (b) A person who violates Subsection (a) is liable to each injured person for: (1) the greater of: (A) $10,000; or (B) the actual damages caused by the violation; (2) court costs; (3) reasonable attorney's fees; and (4) exemplary damages in an amount determined by the court. Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 189, § 16, eff. May 21, 1997. Renumbered from V.T.C.A., Civil Practice & Remedies Code § 11.002 by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, § 19.01(3), eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

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Last modified: August 11, 2007