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Texas Family Code - Section 51.08. Transfer From Criminal Court

Legal Research Home > Texas Laws > Family Code > Texas Family Code - Section 51.08. Transfer From Criminal Court

§ 51.08. TRANSFER FROM CRIMINAL COURT. (a) If the defendant in a criminal proceeding is a child who is charged with an offense other than perjury, a traffic offense, a misdemeanor punishable by fine only other than public intoxication, or a violation of a penal ordinance of a political subdivision, unless he has been transferred to criminal court under Section 54.02 of this code, the court exercising criminal jurisdiction shall transfer the case to the juvenile court, together with a copy of the accusatory pleading and other papers, documents, and transcripts of testimony relating to the case, and shall order that the child be taken to the place of detention designated by the juvenile court, or shall release him to the custody of his parent, guardian, or custodian, to be brought before the juvenile court at a time designated by that court. (b) A court in which there is pending a complaint against a child alleging a violation of a misdemeanor offense punishable by fine only other than a traffic offense or public intoxication or a violation of a penal ordinance of a political subdivision other than a traffic offense: (1) except as provided by Subsection (d), shall waive its original jurisdiction and refer a child to juvenile court if the child has previously been convicted of: (A) two or more misdemeanors punishable by fine only other than a traffic offense or public intoxication; (B) two or more violations of a penal ordinance of a political subdivision other than a traffic offense; or (C) one or more of each of the types of misdemeanors described in Paragraph (A) or (B) of this subdivision; and (2) may waive its original jurisdiction and refer a child to juvenile court if the child: (A) has not previously been convicted of a misdemeanor punishable by fine only other than a traffic offense or public intoxication or a violation of a penal ordinance of a political subdivision other than a traffic offense; or (B) has previously been convicted of fewer than two misdemeanors punishable by fine only other than a traffic offense or public intoxication or two violations of a penal ordinance of a political subdivision other than a traffic offense. (c) A court in which there is pending a complaint against a child alleging a violation of a misdemeanor offense punishable by fine only other than a traffic offense or public intoxication or a violation of a penal ordinance of a political subdivision other than a traffic offense shall notify the juvenile court of the county in which the court is located of the pending complaint and shall furnish to the juvenile court a copy of the final disposition of any matter for which the court does not waive its original jurisdiction under Subsection (b) of this section. (d) A court that has implemented a juvenile case manager program under Article 45.056, Code of Criminal Procedure, may, but is not required to, waive its original jurisdiction under Subsection (b)(1). (e) A juvenile court may not refuse to accept the transfer of a case brought under Section 25.094, Education Code, for a child described by Subsection (b)(1) if a prosecuting attorney for the court determines under Section 53.012 that the case is legally sufficient under Section 53.01 for adjudication in juvenile court. Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 1460, ch. 544, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1973. Amended by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 1040, § 21, eff. Sept. 1, 1987; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1245, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 169, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1297, § 6, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 283, § 3, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2005, 79th Leg., ch. 650, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2005.

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Last modified: August 11, 2007