Texas Penal Code - Section 32.48. Simulating Legal Process
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Texas Laws > Penal Code > Texas Penal Code - Section 32.48. Simulating Legal Process
Section: 32.42 32.43 32.44 32.441 32.45 32.46 32.47 32.48 32.49 32.50 32.51 32.52 33.01 33.02 33.021
§ 32.48. SIMULATING LEGAL PROCESS. (a) A person commits
an offense if the person recklessly causes to be delivered to
another any document that simulates a summons, complaint, judgment,
or other court process with the intent to:
(1) induce payment of a claim from another person; or
(2) cause another to:
(A) submit to the putative authority of the
(B) take any action or refrain from taking any
action in response to the document, in compliance with the
document, or on the basis of the document.
(b) Proof that the document was mailed to any person with
the intent that it be forwarded to the intended recipient is a
sufficient showing that the document was delivered.
(c) It is not a defense to prosecution under this section
that the simulating document:
(1) states that it is not legal process; or
(2) purports to have been issued or authorized by a
person or entity who did not have lawful authority to issue or
authorize the document.
(d) If it is shown on the trial of an offense under this
section that the simulating document was filed with, presented to,
or delivered to a clerk of a court or an employee of a clerk of a
court created or established under the constitution or laws of this
state, there is a rebuttable presumption that the document was
delivered with the intent described by Subsection (a).
(e) Except as provided by Subsection (f), an offense under
this section is a Class A misdemeanor.
(f) If it is shown on the trial of an offense under this
section that the defendant has previously been convicted of a
violation of this section, the offense is a state jail felony.
Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 189, § 3, eff. May 21, 1997.
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Last modified: August 11, 2007