6-903. Licensing of mortgage brokers required; qualifications; application; bond; fees; renewal
A. A person shall not act as a mortgage broker if the person is not licensed under this article. A person who brokers only commercial mortgage loans shall obtain either a mortgage broker license or a commercial mortgage broker license. A person who brokers residential mortgage loans shall obtain a mortgage broker license.
B. The superintendent shall not grant a mortgage broker's license or a commercial mortgage broker's license to a person, other than a natural person, who is not registered to do business in this state on the date of granting the license.
C. An applicant for an original mortgage broker's license shall:
1. Have not less than three years' experience as a mortgage broker or loan originator or equivalent lending experience in a related business during the five years immediately preceding the time of application.
2. Have satisfactorily completed a course of study approved by the superintendent during the three years immediately preceding the time of application.
3. Have passed a mortgage broker's test, pursuant to section 6-908.
D. An applicant for an original commercial mortgage broker's license shall:
1. Have not less than three years' experience in the commercial mortgage broker business or equivalent lending experience in a related business during the five years immediately preceding the time of application.
2. Have made in the past or intend to make or negotiate or offer to make or negotiate commercial mortgage loans.
3. Provide the superintendent with the following:
(a) A balance sheet prepared within the immediately preceding six months and certified by the licensee. The superintendent may require a more recent balance sheet.
(b) If the applicant has begun operations, a statement of operations and retained earnings and a statement of changes in financial position.
(c) Notes to the financial statement if applicable.
E. Notwithstanding subsection D, paragraph 3 of this section, commercial mortgage broker licensees and commercial mortgage broker license applicants whose own resources are derived exclusively from correspondent contracts with institutional investors shall provide the superintendent with a current financial statement or that of its parent company prepared according to generally accepted accounting principles, including:
1. A balance sheet prepared within the immediately preceding six months and certified by the licensee. The superintendent may require a more recent balance sheet.
2. If the applicant has begun operations, a statement of operations and retained earnings and a statement of changes in financial position.
3. Notes to the financial statement if applicable.
F. A person shall make an application for a license or for a renewal of a license in writing on the forms, in the manner and accompanied by the information prescribed by the superintendent. The superintendent may require additional information on the experience, background, honesty, truthfulness, integrity and competency of the applicant and any responsible individual designated by the applicant. If the applicant is a person other than a natural person, the superintendent may require information as to the honesty, truthfulness, integrity and competency of any officer, director, shareholder or other interested party of the association, corporation or group.
G. The nonrefundable application fee and annual renewal fee are as prescribed in section 6-126. The nonrefundable application fee shall accompany each application for an original license only. The superintendent shall deposit, pursuant to sections 35-146 and 35-147, the monies in the state general fund.
H. If a licensee is a person other than a natural person, the license issued to it entitles all officers, directors, members, partners, trustees and employees of the licensed corporation, partnership, association or trust to engage in the mortgage business if one officer, director, member, partner, employee or trustee of the person is designated in the license as the individual responsible for the person under this article. If a licensee is a natural person, the license entitles all employees of the licensee to engage in the mortgage business. If the natural person is not a resident of this state, an employee of the licensee shall be designated in the license as the individual responsible for the licensee under the provisions of this article. For the purposes of this subsection, an employee does not include an independent contractor. A responsible individual shall be a resident of this state, shall be in active management of the activities of the licensee governed by this article and shall meet the qualifications set forth in subsection C or D of this section for a licensee.
I. A licensee shall notify the superintendent that its responsible individual will cease to be in active management of the activities of the licensee within ten days of learning that fact. The licensee has ninety days after the notification is received by the superintendent within which to replace the responsible individual with a qualified replacement and to so notify the superintendent. If the license is not placed under active management of a qualified responsible individual and if notice is not given to the superintendent within the ninety day period, the license of the licensee expires.
J. Every person licensed as a mortgage broker or a commercial mortgage broker shall deposit with the superintendent, before doing business as a mortgage broker or a commercial mortgage broker, a bond executed by the licensee as principal and a surety company authorized to do business in this state as surety. The bond shall be conditioned on the faithful compliance of the licensee, including the licensee's directors, officers, members, partners, trustees and employees, with this article. The bond is payable to any person injured by the wrongful act, default, fraud or misrepresentation of the licensee or the licensee's employees and to this state for the benefit of the person injured. Only one bond is required for any person, firm, association or corporation irrespective of the number of officers, directors, members, partners or trustees who are employed by or are members of such firm, association or corporation. No suit may be commenced on the bond after the expiration of one year following the commission of the act on which the suit is based, except that claims for fraud or mistake are limited to the limitation period provided in section 12-543, paragraph 3. If an injured person commences an action for a judgment to collect from the bond, the injured person shall notify the superintendent of the action in writing at the time of the commencement of the action and shall provide copies of all documents relating to the action to the superintendent on request.
K. The bond required by this section shall be ten thousand dollars for licensees whose investors are limited solely to institutional investors, and fifteen thousand dollars for licensees whose investors include any noninstitutional investors.
L. For the purposes of subsection K of this section:
1. " Institutional investor" means a state or national bank, a state or federal savings and loan association, a state or federal savings bank, a state or federal credit union, a federal government agency or instrumentality, a quasi-federal government agency, a financial enterprise, a licensed real estate broker or salesman, a profit sharing or pension trust, or an insurance company.
2. " Investor" means any person who directly or indirectly provides to a mortgage broker funds that are, or are intended to be, used in the making of a loan, and any person who purchases a loan, or any interest therein, from a mortgage broker or in a transaction that has been directly or indirectly arranged or negotiated by a mortgage broker.
M. Notwithstanding section 35-155, in lieu of the bond described in this section, an applicant for a license or a licensee may deposit with the superintendent a deposit in the form of cash or alternatives to cash in the same amount as the bond required under subsection J of this section. The superintendent may accept any of the following as an alternative to cash:
1. Certificates of deposits or investment certificates that are payable or assigned to the state treasurer, issued by banks or savings banks doing business in this state and fully insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or any successor institution.
2. Certificates of deposit, investment certificates or share accounts that are payable or assigned to the state treasurer, issued by a savings and loan association doing business in this state and fully insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or any successor institution.
3. Certificates of deposit, investment certificates or share accounts that are payable or assigned to the state treasurer, issued by a credit union doing business in this state and fully insured by the national credit union administration or any successor institution.
N. The superintendent shall deposit the cash or alternatives to cash received under this section with the state treasurer. The state treasurer shall hold the cash or alternatives to cash in the name of this state to guarantee the faithful performance of all legal obligations of the person required to post bond pursuant to this section. The person is entitled to receive any accrued interest earned from the alternatives to cash. The state treasurer may impose a fee to reimburse the state treasurer for administrative expenses. The fee shall not exceed ten dollars for each cash or alternatives to cash deposit and shall be paid by the applicant or licensee. The state treasurer may prescribe rules relating to the terms and conditions of each type of security provided by this section.
O. In addition to such other terms and conditions as the superintendent prescribes by rule or order, the principal amount of the deposit shall be released only on written authorization of the superintendent or on the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. The principal amount of the deposit shall not be released before the expiration of three years from the first to occur of any of the following:
1. The date of substitution of a bond for a cash alternative.
2. The surrender of the license.
3. The revocation of the license.
4. The expiration of the license.
P. A licensee or an employee of the licensee shall not advertise for or solicit mortgage business in any manner without using the name and license number as issued on the mortgage broker's principal place of business license, except that a licensee may employ or refer to the commonly used name and any trademarks or service marks of any affiliate. If a license is issued in the name of a natural person, nothing in the advertising or solicitation may imply the license is in the name of another person or entity. For the purposes of this subsection, " advertise" does not include business cards, radio and television advertising directed at national or regional markets and promotional items except if those items contain rates or terms on which a mortgage loan may be obtained.
Q. A licensee shall not employ any person unless the licensee:
1. Conducts a reasonable investigation of the background, honesty, truthfulness, integrity and competency of the employee before hiring.
2. Keeps a record of the investigation for not less than two years after termination.
R. A license is not transferable or assignable and control of a licensee may not be acquired through a stock purchase or other device without the prior written consent of the superintendent. Written consent shall not be given if the superintendent finds that any of the grounds for denial, revocation or suspension of a license as set forth in section 6-905 are applicable to the acquiring person. For the purposes of this subsection, " control" means the power to vote more than twenty per cent of outstanding voting shares of a licensed corporation, partnership, association or trust.
S. The licensee is liable for any damage caused by any of the licensee's employees while acting as an employee of the licensee.
T. A licensee shall comply with the requirements of section 6-114 relating to balloon payments.
U. The examination and course of study requirements of this section shall be waived by the superintendent for any person applying for a license who, within the six months immediately prior to the submission of the application, has been a licensee or a responsible person pursuant to this chapter.
V. If the applicant for renewal of a mortgage broker license is a natural person, the applicant shall have satisfactorily completed twelve continuing education units by a continuing education provider approved by the superintendent before submitting the renewal application. If the applicant is other than a natural person, the designated responsible individual shall have satisfactorily completed twelve continuing education units by a continuing education provider approved by the superintendent before submitting the renewal application. An applicant for renewal of a commercial mortgage broker license is not subject to the continuing education requirements prescribed by this article.
W. A licensee who employs a loan originator shall comply with section 6-991.03.Section: Previous 6-872 6-873 6-874 6-881 6-882 6-901 6-902 6-903 6-904 6-905 6-906 6-907 6-908 6-909 6-910 Next
Last modified: October 13, 2016