Chapter 5. Permissive Joinder - California Code of Civil Procedure Section 379

379.  (a) All persons may be joined in one action as defendants if
there is asserted against them:
   (1) Any right to relief jointly, severally, or in the alternative,
in respect of or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or
series of transactions or occurrences and if any question of law or
fact common to all these persons will arise in the action; or
   (2) A claim, right, or interest adverse to them in the property or
controversy which is the subject of the action.
   (b) It is not necessary that each defendant be interested as to
every cause of action or as to all relief prayed for. Judgment may be
given against one or more defendants according to their respective
   (c) Where the plaintiff is in doubt as to the person from whom he
or she is entitled to redress, he or she may join two or more
defendants, with the intent that the question as to which, if any, of
the defendants is liable, and to what extent, may be determined
between the parties.

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Last modified: February 16, 2015