California Code of Civil Procedure Section 431.20
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California Laws > Code of Civil Procedure > California Code of Civil Procedure Section 431.20
431.20. (a) Every material allegation of the complaint or
cross-complaint, not controverted by the answer, shall, for the
purposes of the action, be taken as true.
(b) The statement of any new matter in the answer, in avoidance or
constituting a defense, shall, on the trial, be deemed controverted
by the opposite party.
Last modified: March 17, 2014