Chapter 2. Joint or Several Obligations - California Civil Code Section 1431.2

1431.2.  Several Liability for Non-economic Damages
   (a) In any action for personal injury, property damage, or
wrongful death, based upon principles of comparative fault, the
liability of each defendant for non-economic damages shall be several
only and shall not be joint. Each defendant shall be liable only for
the amount of non-economic damages allocated to that defendant in
direct proportion to that defendant's percentage of fault, and a
separate judgment shall be rendered against that defendant for that
   (b) (1) For purposes of this section, the term "economic damages"
means objectively verifiable monetary losses including medical
expenses, loss of earnings, burial costs, loss of use of property,
costs of repair or replacement, costs of obtaining substitute
domestic services, loss of employment and loss of business or
employment opportunities.
   (2) For the purposes of this section, the term "non-economic
damages" means subjective, non-monetary losses including, but not
limited to, pain, suffering, inconvenience, mental suffering,
emotional distress, loss of society and companionship, loss of
consortium, injury to reputation and humiliation.

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Last modified: February 16, 2015