California Civil Code Preliminary Provisions

  • Section 2.
    This Code takes effect at twelve o'clock noon, on the first day of January, eighteen hundred and seventy-three.(Enacted 1872.)
  • Section 3.
    No part of it is retroactive, unless expressly so declared.(Enacted 1872.)
  • Section 4.
    The rule of the common law, that statutes in derogation thereof are to be strictly construed, has no application to this Code. The Code establishes...
  • Section 5.
    The provisions of this Code, so far as they are substantially the same as existing statutes or the common law, must be construed as continuations...
  • Section 6.
    No action or proceeding commenced before this Code takes effect, and no right accrued, is affected by its provisions.(Enacted 1872.)
  • Section 7.
    Holidays within the meaning of this code are every Sunday and such other days as are specified or provided for as holidays in the Government...
  • Section 7.1.
    Optional bank holidays within the meaning of Section 9 are:(a) Any closing of a bank because of an extraordinary situation, as that term is defined...
  • Section 9.
    All other days than those mentioned in Section 7 are business days for all purposes; provided, that as to any act appointed by law or...
  • Section 10.
    The time in which any act provided by law is to be done is computed by excluding the first day and including the last, unless...
  • Section 11.
    Whenever any act of a secular nature, other than a work of necessity or mercy, is appointed by law or contract to be performed upon...
  • Section 12.
    Words giving a joint authority to three or more public officers or other persons are construed as giving such authority to a majority of them,...
  • Section 13.
    Words and phrases are construed according to the context and the approved usage of the language; but technical words and phrases, and such others as...
  • Section 14.
    Words used in this code in the present tense include the future as well as the present; words used in the masculine gender include the...
  • Section 17.
    Wherever any notice or other communication is required by this code to be mailed by registered mail, the mailing of such notice or other communication...
  • Section 18.
    Notice is:1. Actual which consists in express information of a fact; or,2. Constructive which is imputed by law.(Enacted 1872.)
  • Section [19.].
    Section Nineteen. Every person who has actual notice of circumstances sufficient to put a prudent man upon inquiry as to a particular fact, has constructive...
  • Section 20.
    No statute, law, or rule is continued in force because it is consistent with the provisions of this Code on the same subject; but in...
  • Section 21.
    This Act, whenever cited, enumerated, referred to, or amended, may be designated simply as The Civil Code, adding, when necessary, the number of the section.(Enacted

Last modified: September 9, 2016