California Evidence Code Section 451
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California Laws > Evidence Code > California Evidence Code Section 451
451. Judicial notice shall be taken of the following:
(a) The decisional, constitutional, and public statutory law of
this state and of the United States and the provisions of any charter
described in Section 3, 4, or 5 of Article XI of the California
(b) Any matter made a subject of judicial notice by Section
11343.6, 11344.6, or 18576 of the Government Code or by Section 1507
of Title 44 of the United States Code.
(c) Rules of professional conduct for members of the bar adopted
pursuant to Section 6076 of the Business and Professions Code and
rules of practice and procedure for the courts of this state adopted
by the Judicial Council.
(d) Rules of pleading, practice, and procedure prescribed by the
United States Supreme Court, such as the Rules of the United States
Supreme Court, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Federal
Rules of Criminal Procedure, the Admiralty Rules, the Rules of the
Court of Claims, the Rules of the Customs Court, and the General
Orders and Forms in Bankruptcy.
(e) The true signification of all English words and phrases and of
all legal expressions.
(f) Facts and propositions of generalized knowledge that are so
universally known that they cannot reasonably be the subject of
Last modified: March 17, 2014