California Evidence Code Division 2 - Words and Phrases Defined
- Section 100.
Unless the provision or context otherwise requires, these definitions govern the construction of this code.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 105.
Action includes a civil action and a criminal action.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 110.
Burden of producing evidence means the obligation of a party to introduce evidence sufficient to avoid a ruling against him on the issue.(Enacted by Stats....
- Section 115.
Burden of proof means the obligation of a party to establish by evidence a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of...
- Section 120.
Civil action includes civil proceedings.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 125.
Conduct includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 130.
Criminal action includes criminal proceedings.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 135.
Declarant is a person who makes a statement.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 140.
Evidence means testimony, writings, material objects, or other things presented to the senses that are offered to prove the existence or nonexistence of a fact.(Enacted...
- Section 145.
The hearing means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 150.
Hearsay evidence is defined in Section 1200.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 160.
Law includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 165.
Oath includes affirmation or declaration under penalty of perjury.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 170.
Perceive means to acquire knowledge through one s senses.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 175.
Person includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity.(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1010, Sec. 103....
- Section 177.
Dependent person means any person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially restricts his or her ability to carry out normal activities or...
- Section 180.
Personal property includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 185.
Property includes both real and personal property.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 190.
Proof is the establishment by evidence of a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the...
- Section 195.
Public employee means an officer, agent, or employee of a public entity.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 200.
Public entity includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether...
- Section 205.
Real property includes lands, tenements, and hereditaments.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 210.
Relevant evidence means evidence, including evidence relevant to the credibility of a witness or hearsay declarant, having any tendency in reason to prove or disprove...
- Section 220.
State means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. In the latter case, it includes any state, district,...
- Section 225.
Statement means (a) oral or written verbal expression or (b) nonverbal conduct of a person intended by him as a substitute for oral or written...
- Section 230.
Statute includes a treaty and a constitutional provision.(Enacted by Stats. 1965, Ch. 299.)
- Section 235.
Trier of fact includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to...
- Section 240.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (b), unavailable as a witness means that the declarant is any of the following:(1) Exempted or precluded on...
- Section 250.
Writing means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any...
- Section 255.
Original means the writing itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by a person executing or issuing it. An original of a...
- Section 260.
A duplicate is a counterpart produced by the same impression as the original, or from the same matrix, or by means of photography, including enlargements...
Last modified: September 9, 2016