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California Labor Code Section 226.8

Legal Research Home > California Laws > Labor Code > California Labor Code Section 226.8

226.8.  (a) It is unlawful for any person or employer to engage in
any of the following activities:
   (1) Willful misclassification of an individual as an independent
contractor.
   (2) Charging an individual who has been willfully misclassified as
an independent contractor a fee, or making any deductions from
compensation, for any purpose, including for goods, materials, space
rental, services, government licenses, repairs, equipment
maintenance, or fines arising from the individual's employment where
any of the acts described in this paragraph would have violated the
law if the individual had not been misclassified.
   (b) If the Labor and Workforce Development Agency or a court
issues a determination that a person or employer has engaged in any
of the enumerated violations of subdivision (a), the person or
employer shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than five
thousand dollars ($5,000) and not more than fifteen thousand dollars
($15,000) for each violation, in addition to any other penalties or
fines permitted by law.
   (c) If the Labor and Workforce Development Agency or a court
issues a determination that a person or employer has engaged in any
of the enumerated violations of subdivision (a) and the person or
employer has engaged in or is engaging in a pattern or practice of
these violations, the person or employer shall be subject to a civil
penalty of not less than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) and not more
than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) for each violation, in
addition to any other penalties or fines permitted by law.
   (d) (1) If the Labor and Workforce Development Agency or a court
issues a determination that a person or employer that is a licensed
contractor pursuant to the Contractors' State License Law has
violated subdivision (a), the agency, in addition to any other remedy
that has been ordered, shall transmit a certified copy of the order
to the Contractors' State License Board.
   (2) The registrar of the Contractors' State License Board shall
initiate disciplinary action against a licensee within 30 days of
receiving a certified copy of an agency or court order that resulted
in disbarment pursuant to paragraph (1).
   (e) If the Labor and Workforce Development Agency or a court
issues a determination that a person or employer has violated
subdivision (a), the agency or court, in addition to any other remedy
that has been ordered, shall order the person or employer to display
prominently on its Internet Web site, in an area which is accessible
to all employees and the general public, or, if the person or
employer does not have an Internet Web site, to display prominently
in an area that is accessible to all employees and the general public
at each location where a violation of subdivision (a) occurred, a
notice that sets forth all of the following:
   (1) That the Labor and Workforce Development Agency or a court, as
applicable, has found that the person or employer has committed a
serious violation of the law by engaging in the willful
misclassification of employees.
   (2) That the person or employer has changed its business practices
in order to avoid committing further violations of this section.
   (3) That any employee who believes that he or she is being
misclassified as an independent contractor may contact the Labor and
Workforce Development Agency. The notice shall include the mailing
address, email address, and telephone number of the agency.
   (4) That the notice is being posted pursuant to a state order.
   (f) In addition to including the information specified in
subdivision (e), a person or employer also shall satisfy the
following requirements in preparing the notice:
   (1) An officer shall sign the notice.
   (2) It shall post the notice for one year commencing with the date
of the final decision and order.
   (g) (1) In accordance with the procedures specified in Sections 98
to 98.2, inclusive, the Labor Commissioner may issue a determination
that a person or employer has violated subdivision (a).
   (2) If, upon inspection or investigation, the Labor Commissioner
determines that a person or employer has violated subdivision (a),
the Labor Commissioner may issue a citation to assess penalties set
forth in subdivisions (b) and (c) in addition to any other penalties
or damages that are otherwise available at law. The procedures for
issuing, contesting, and enforcing judgments shall be the same as
those set forth in Section 1197.1.
   (3) The Labor Commissioner may enforce this section pursuant to
Section 98 or in a civil suit.
   (h) Any administrative or civil penalty pursuant to subdivision
(b) or (c) or disciplinary action pursuant to subdivision (d) or (e)
shall remain in effect against any successor corporation, owner, or
business entity that satisfies both of the following:
   (1) Has one or more of the same principals or officers as the
person or employer subject to the penalty or action.
   (2) Is engaged in the same or a similar business as the person or
employer subject to the penalty or action.
   (i) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
   (1) "Determination" means an order, decision, award, or citation
issued by an agency or a court of competent jurisdiction for which
the time to appeal has expired and for which no appeal is pending.
   (2) "Labor and Workforce Development Agency" means the Labor and
Workforce Development Agency or any of its departments, divisions,
commissions, boards, or agencies.
   (3) "Officer" means the chief executive officer, president, any
vice president in charge of a principal business unit, division, or
function, or any other officer of the corporation who performs a
policymaking function. If the employer is a partnership, "officer"
means a partner. If the employer is a sole proprietor, "officer"
means the owner.
   (4) "Willful misclassification" means avoiding employee status for
an individual by voluntarily and knowingly misclassifying that
individual as an independent contractor.
   (j) Nothing in this section is intended to limit any rights or
remedies otherwise available at law.

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Last modified: March 17, 2014