California Penal Code Section 1203.017
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California Laws > Penal Code > California Penal Code Section 1203.017
1203.017. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon
determination by the correctional administrator that conditions in a
jail facility warrant the necessity of releasing sentenced
misdemeanor inmates prior to them serving the full amount of a given
sentence due to lack of jail space, the board of supervisors of any
county may authorize the correctional administrator to offer a
program under which inmates committed to a county jail or other
county correctional facility or granted probation, or inmates
participating in a work furlough program, may be required to
participate in an involuntary home detention program, which shall
include electronic monitoring, during their sentence in lieu of
confinement in the county jail or other county correctional facility
or program under the auspices of the probation officer. Under this
program, one day of participation shall be in lieu of one day of
incarceration. Participants in the program shall receive any sentence
reduction credits that they would have received had they served
their sentences in a county correctional facility.
(b) The board of supervisors may prescribe reasonable rules and
regulations under which an involuntary home detention program may
operate. The inmate shall be informed in writing that he or she shall
comply with the rules and regulations of the program, including, but
not limited to, the following rules:
(1) The participant shall remain within the interior premises of
his or her residence during the hours designated by the correctional
(2) The participant shall admit any peace officer designated by
the correctional administrator into his or her residence at any time
for purposes of verifying the participant's compliance with the
conditions of his or her detention.
(3) The use of electronic monitoring may include global
positioning system devices or other supervising devices for the
purpose of helping to verify his or her compliance with the rules and
regulations of the home detention program. The devices shall not be
used to eavesdrop or record any conversation, except a conversation
between the participant and the person supervising the participant
which is to be used solely for the purposes of voice identification.
(4) The correctional administrator in charge of the county
correctional facility from which the participant was released may,
without further order of the court, immediately retake the person
into custody to serve the balance of his or her sentence if the
electronic monitoring or supervising devices are unable for any
reason to properly perform their function at the designated place of
home detention, if the person fails to remain within the place of
home detention as stipulated in the agreement, or if the person for
any other reason no longer meets the established criteria under this
(c) Whenever the peace officer supervising a participant has
reasonable cause to believe that the participant is not complying
with the rules or conditions of the program, or that the electronic
monitoring devices are unable to function properly in the designated
place of confinement, the peace officer may, under general or
specific authorization of the correctional administrator, and without
a warrant of arrest, retake the person into custody to complete the
remainder of the original sentence.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the
correctional administrator to allow a person to participate in this
program if it appears from the record that the person has not
satisfactorily complied with reasonable rules and regulations while
in custody. A person shall be eligible for participation in a home
detention program only if the correctional administrator concludes
that the person meets the criteria for release established under this
section and that the person's participation is consistent with any
reasonable rules and regulations prescribed by the board of
supervisors or the administrative policy of the correctional
(1) The rules and regulations and administrative policy of the
program shall be written and reviewed on an annual basis by the
county board of supervisors and the correctional administrator. The
rules and regulations shall be given to or made available to any
participant upon request.
(2) The correctional administrator, or his or her designee, shall
have the sole discretionary authority to permit program participation
as an alternative to physical custody. All persons referred or
recommended by the court to participate in the home detention program
pursuant to subdivision (e) who are denied participation or all
persons removed from program participation shall be notified in
writing of the specific reasons for the denial or removal. The notice
of denial or removal shall include the participant's appeal rights,
as established by program administrative policy.
(e) The court may recommend or refer a person to the correctional
administrator for consideration for placement in the home detention
program. The recommendation or referral of the court shall be given
great weight in the determination of acceptance or denial. At the
time of sentencing or at any time that the court deems it necessary,
the court may restrict or deny the defendant's participation in a
home detention program.
(f) The correctional administrator may permit home detention
program participants to seek and retain employment in the community,
attend psychological counseling sessions or educational or vocational
training classes, or seek medical and dental assistance. Willful
failure of the program participant to return to the place of home
detention not later than the expiration of any period of time during
which he or she is authorized to be away from the place of home
detention pursuant to this section and unauthorized departures from
the place of home detention are punishable as provided in Section
(g) As used in this section, "correctional administrator" means
the sheriff, probation officer, or director of the county department
(h) (1) Notwithstanding any other law, the correctional
administrator shall provide the information specified in paragraph
(2) regarding persons on involuntary home detention to the
Corrections Standards Authority, and upon request, shall provide that
information to the law enforcement agency of a city or
unincorporated area where an office is located to which persons on
involuntary home detention report.
(2) The information required by paragraph (1) shall consist of the
(A) The participant's name, address, and date of birth.
(B) The offense committed by the participant.
(C) The period of time the participant will be placed on home
(D) Whether the participant successfully completed the prescribed
period of home detention or was returned to a county correctional
facility, and if the person was returned to a county correctional
facility, the reason for that return.
(E) The gender and ethnicity of the participant.
(3) Any information received by a police department pursuant to
this subdivision shall be used only for the purpose of monitoring the
impact of home detention programs on the community.
(i) It is the intent of the Legislature that home detention
programs established under this section maintain the highest public
confidence, credibility, and public safety. In the furtherance of
these standards, the following shall apply:
(1) The correctional administrator, with the approval of the board
of supervisors, may administer a home detention program pursuant to
written contracts with appropriate public or private agencies or
entities to provide specified program services. No public or private
agency or entity may operate a home detention program in any county
without a written contract with that county's correctional
administrator. However, this does not apply to the use of electronic
monitoring by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation as
established in Section 3004. No public or private agency or entity
entering into a contract may itself employ any person who is in the
home detention program.
(2) Program acceptance shall not circumvent the normal booking
process for sentenced offenders. All home detention program
participants shall be supervised.
(3) (A) All privately operated home detention programs shall be
under the jurisdiction of, and subject to the terms and conditions of
the contract entered into with, the correctional administrator.
(B) Each contract shall include, but not be limited to, all of the
(i) A provision whereby the private agency or entity agrees to
operate in compliance with any available standards promulgated by
state correctional agencies and bodies, including the Corrections
Standards Authority, and all statutory provisions and mandates, state
and county, as appropriate and applicable to the operation of home
detention programs and the supervision of sentenced offenders in a
home detention program.
(ii) A provision that clearly defines areas of respective
responsibility and liability of the county and the private agency or
(iii) A provision that requires the private agency or entity to
demonstrate evidence of financial responsibility, submitted and
approved by the board of supervisors, in amounts and under conditions
sufficient to fully indemnify the county for reasonably foreseeable
public liability, including legal defense costs, that may arise from,
or be proximately caused by, acts or omissions of the contractor.
The contract shall provide for annual review by the correctional
administrator to ensure compliance with requirements set by the board
of supervisors and for adjustment of the financial responsibility
requirements if warranted by caseload changes or other factors.
(iv) A provision that requires the private agency or entity to
provide evidence of financial responsibility, such as certificates of
insurance or copies of insurance policies, prior to commencing any
operations pursuant to the contract or at any time requested by the
board of supervisors or correctional administrator.
(v) A provision that permits the correctional administrator to
immediately terminate the contract with a private agency or entity at
any time that the contractor fails to demonstrate evidence of
(C) All privately operated home detention programs shall comply
with all appropriate, applicable ordinances and regulations specified
in subdivision (a) of Section 1208.
(D) The board of supervisors, the correctional administrator, and
the designee of the correctional administrator shall comply with
Section 1090 of the Government Code in the consideration, making, and
execution of contracts pursuant to this section.
(E) The failure of the private agency or entity to comply with
statutory provisions and requirements or with the standards
established by the contract and with the correctional administrator
may be sufficient cause to terminate the contract.
(F) Upon the discovery that a private agency or entity with whom
there is a contract is not in compliance pursuant to this paragraph,
the correctional administrator shall give 60 days' notice to the
director of the private agency or entity that the contract may be
canceled if the specified deficiencies are not corrected.
(G) Shorter notice may be given or the contract may be canceled
without notice whenever a serious threat to public safety is present
because the private agency or entity has failed to comply with this
(j) Inmates participating in this program shall not be charged
fees or costs for the program.
(k) For purposes of this section, "evidence of financial
responsibility" may include, but is not limited to, certified copies
of any of the following:
(1) A current liability insurance policy.
(2) A current errors and omissions insurance policy.
(3) A surety bond.
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Last modified: March 17, 2014