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California Penal Code Section 286

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286.  (a) Sodomy is sexual conduct consisting of contact between the
penis of one person and the anus of another person. Any sexual
penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete the crime of
sodomy.
   (b) (1) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who
participates in an act of sodomy with another person who is under 18
years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison,
or in a county jail for not more than one year.
   (2) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over 21 years of
age who participates in an act of sodomy with another person who is
under 16 years of age shall be guilty of a felony.
   (c) (1) Any person who participates in an act of sodomy with
another person who is under 14 years of age and more than 10 years
younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (2) (A) Any person who commits an act of sodomy when the act is
accomplished against the victim's will by means of force, violence,
duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on
the victim or another person shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (B) Any person who commits an act of sodomy with another person
who is under 14 years of age when the act is accomplished against the
victim's will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear
of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another
person shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 9,
11, or 13 years.
   (C) Any person who commits an act of sodomy with another person
who is a minor 14 years of age or older when the act is accomplished
against the victim's will by means of force, violence, duress,
menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim
or another person shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for 7, 9, or 11 years.
   (D) This paragraph does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
   (3) Any person who commits an act of sodomy where the act is
accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to retaliate in
the future against the victim or any other person, and there is a
reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute the threat,
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six,
or eight years.
   (d) (1) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of sodomy when the act is accomplished against
the victim's will by means of force or fear of immediate and
unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person or where the
act is accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to
retaliate in the future against the victim or any other person, and
there is a reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute
the threat, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
five, seven, or nine years.
   (2) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of sodomy upon a victim who is under 14 years
of age, when the act is accomplished against the victim's will by
means of force or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the
victim or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for 10, 12, or 14 years.
   (3) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of sodomy upon a victim who is a minor 14
years of age or older, when the act is accomplished against the
victim's will by means of force or fear of immediate and unlawful
bodily injury on the victim or another person, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for 7, 9, or 11 years.
   (4) This subdivision does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
   (e) Any person who participates in an act of sodomy with any
person of any age while confined in any state prison, as defined in
Section 4504, or in any local detention facility, as defined in
Section 6031.4, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison, or in a county jail for not more than one year.
   (f) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, and the victim is at
the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this is known to
the person committing the act, shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison for three, six, or eight years. As used in this
subdivision, "unconscious of the nature of the act" means incapable
of resisting because the victim meets one of the following
conditions:
   (1) Was unconscious or asleep.
   (2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
   (3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's fraud
in fact.
   (4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's
fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
   (g) Except as provided in subdivision (h), a person who commits an
act of sodomy, and the victim is at the time incapable, because of a
mental disorder or developmental or physical disability, of giving
legal consent, and this is known or reasonably should be known to the
person committing the act, shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years. Notwithstanding the
existence of a conservatorship pursuant to the Lanterman-Petris-Short
Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove,
as an element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental
or physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of
giving consent.
   (h) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, and the victim is at
the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability, of giving legal consent, and this is known or
reasonably should be known to the person committing the act, and both
the defendant and the victim are at the time confined in a state
hospital for the care and treatment of the mentally disordered or in
any other public or private facility for the care and treatment of
the mentally disordered approved by a county mental health director,
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county
jail for not more than one year. Notwithstanding the existence of a
conservatorship pursuant to the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1
(commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an
element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving
legal consent.
   (i) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the victim is
prevented from resisting by an intoxicating or anesthetic substance,
or any controlled substance, and this condition was known, or
reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be punished
by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (j) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the victim
submits under the belief that the person committing the act is
someone known to the victim other than the accused, and this belief
is induced by any artifice, pretense, or concealment practiced by the
accused, with intent to induce the belief, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (k) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the act is
accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to use the
authority of a public official to incarcerate, arrest, or deport the
victim or another, and the victim has a reasonable belief that the
perpetrator is a public official, shall be punished by imprisonment
in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   As used in this subdivision, "public official" means a person
employed by a governmental agency who has the authority, as part of
that position, to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The
perpetrator does not actually have to be a public official.
   (l) As used in subdivisions (c) and (d), "threatening to retaliate"
means a threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or inflict extreme
pain, serious bodily injury, or death.
   (m) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section, the
judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against
any person who violates this section, with the proceeds of this fine
to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23. The court, however,
shall take into consideration the defendant's ability to pay, and no
defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her inability
to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.

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Last modified: March 17, 2014