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California Penal Code Section 3000

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3000.  (a) (1) The Legislature finds and declares that the period
immediately following incarceration is critical to successful
reintegration of the offender into society and to positive
citizenship. It is in the interest of public safety for the state to
provide for the effective supervision of and surveillance of
parolees, including the judicious use of revocation actions, and to
provide educational, vocational, family and personal counseling
necessary to assist parolees in the transition between imprisonment
and discharge. A sentence resulting in imprisonment in the state
prison pursuant to Section 1168 or 1170 shall include a period of
parole supervision or postrelease community supervision, unless
waived, or as otherwise provided in this article.
   (2) The Legislature finds and declares that it is not the intent
of this section to diminish resources allocated to the Department of
Corrections and Rehabilitation for parole functions for which the
department is responsible. It is also not the intent of this section
to diminish the resources allocated to the Board of Parole Hearings
to execute its duties with respect to parole functions for which the
board is responsible.
   (3) The Legislature finds and declares that diligent effort must
be made to ensure that parolees are held accountable for their
criminal behavior, including, but not limited to, the satisfaction of
restitution fines and orders.
   (4) For any person subject to a sexually violent predator
proceeding pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 6600) of
Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 6 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code, an order issued by a judge pursuant to Section 6601.5 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code, finding that the petition, on its
face, supports a finding of probable cause to believe that the
individual named in the petition is likely to engage in sexually
violent predatory criminal behavior upon his or her release, shall
toll the period of parole of that person, from the date that person
is released by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation as
follows:
   (A) If the person is committed to the State Department of Mental
Health as a sexually violent predator and subsequently a court orders
that the person be unconditionally discharged, the parole period
shall be tolled until the date the judge enters the order
unconditionally discharging that person.
   (B) If the person is not committed to the State Department of
Mental Health as a sexually violent predator, the tolling of the
parole period shall be abrogated and the parole period shall be
deemed to have commenced on the date of release from the Department
of Corrections and Rehabilitation.
   (5) Paragraph (4) applies to persons released by the Department of
Corrections and Rehabilitation on or after January 1, 2012. Persons
released by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation prior to
January 1, 2012, shall continue to be subject to the law governing
the tolling of parole in effect on December 31, 2011.
   (b) Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in Article 3
(commencing with Section 3040) of this chapter, the following shall
apply to any inmate subject to Section 3000.08:
   (1) In the case of any inmate sentenced under Section 1168 for a
crime committed prior to July 1, 2013, the period of parole shall not
exceed five years in the case of an inmate imprisoned for any
offense other than first or second degree murder for which the inmate
has received a life sentence, and shall not exceed three years in
the case of any other inmate, unless in either case the Board of
Parole Hearings for good cause waives parole and discharges the
inmate from custody of the department. This subdivision shall also be
applicable to inmates who committed crimes prior to July 1, 1977, to
the extent specified in Section 1170.2. In the case of any inmate
sentenced under Section 1168 for a crime committed on or after July
1, 2013, the period of parole shall not exceed five years in the case
of an inmate imprisoned for any offense other than first or second
degree murder for which the inmate has received a life sentence, and
shall not exceed three years in the case of any other inmate, unless
in either case the department for good cause waives parole and
discharges the inmate from custody of the department.
   (2) (A) For a crime committed prior to July 1, 2013, at the
expiration of a term of imprisonment of one year and one day, or a
term of imprisonment imposed pursuant to Section 1170 or at the
expiration of a term reduced pursuant to Section 2931 or 2933, if
applicable, the inmate shall be released on parole for a period not
exceeding three years, except that any inmate sentenced for an
offense specified in paragraph (3), (4), (5), (6), (11), or (18) of
subdivision (c) of Section 667.5 shall be released on parole for a
period not exceeding 10 years, unless a longer period of parole is
specified in Section 3000.1.
   (B) For a crime committed on or after July 1, 2013, at the
expiration of a term of imprisonment of one year and one day, or a
term of imprisonment imposed pursuant to Section 1170 or at the
expiration of a term reduced pursuant to Section 2931 or 2933, if
applicable, the inmate shall be released on parole for a period of
three years, except that any inmate sentenced for an offense
specified in paragraph (3), (4), (5), (6), (11), or (18) of
subdivision (c) of Section 667.5 shall be released on parole for a
period of 10 years, unless a longer period of parole is specified in
Section 3000.1.
   (3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), in the case of any
offense for which the inmate has received a life sentence pursuant to
subdivision (b) of Section 209, with the intent to commit a
specified sex offense, or Section 667.51, 667.61, or 667.71, the
period of parole shall be 10 years, unless a longer period of parole
is specified in Section 3000.1.
   (4) (A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) to (3), inclusive, in the
case of a person convicted of and required to register as a sex
offender for the commission of an offense specified in Section 261,
262, 264.1, 286, 288a, paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section
288, Section 288.5, or 289, in which one or more of the victims of
the offense was a child under 14 years of age, the period of parole
shall be 20 years and six months unless the board, for good cause,
determines that the person will be retained on parole. The board
shall make a written record of this determination and transmit a copy
of it to the parolee.
   (B) In the event of a retention on parole, the parolee shall be
entitled to a review by the board each year thereafter.
   (C) There shall be a board hearing consistent with the procedures
set forth in Sections 3041.5 and 3041.7 within 12 months of the date
of any revocation of parole to consider the release of the inmate on
parole, and notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (3) of
subdivision (b) of Section 3041.5, there shall be annual parole
consideration hearings thereafter, unless the person is released or
otherwise ineligible for parole release. The panel or board shall
release the person within one year of the date of the revocation
unless it determines that the circumstances and gravity of the parole
violation are such that consideration of the public safety requires
a more lengthy period of incarceration or unless there is a new
prison commitment following a conviction.
   (D) The provisions of Section 3042 shall not apply to any hearing
held pursuant to this subdivision.
   (5) (A) The Board of Parole Hearings shall consider the request of
any inmate whose commitment offense occurred prior to July 1, 2013,
regarding the length of his or her parole and the conditions thereof.
   (B) For an inmate whose commitment offense occurred on or after
July 1, 2013, except for those inmates described in Section 3000.1,
the department shall consider the request of the inmate regarding the
length of his or her parole and the conditions thereof. For those
inmates described in Section 3000.1, the Board of Parole Hearings
shall consider the request of the inmate regarding the length of his
or her parole and the conditions thereof.
   (6) Upon successful completion of parole, or at the end of the
maximum statutory period of parole specified for the inmate under
paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4), as the case may be, whichever is
earlier, the inmate shall be discharged from custody. The date of the
maximum statutory period of parole under this subdivision and
paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) shall be computed from the date of
initial parole and shall be a period chronologically determined. Time
during which parole is suspended because the prisoner has absconded
or has been returned to custody as a parole violator shall not be
credited toward any period of parole unless the prisoner is found not
guilty of the parole violation. However, the period of parole is
subject to the following:
   (A) Except as provided in Section 3064, in no case may a prisoner
subject to three years on parole be retained under parole supervision
or in custody for a period longer than four years from the date of
his or her initial parole.
   (B) Except as provided in Section 3064, in no case may a prisoner
subject to five years on parole be retained under parole supervision
or in custody for a period longer than seven years from the date of
his or her initial parole.
   (C) Except as provided in Section 3064, in no case may a prisoner
subject to 10 years on parole be retained under parole supervision or
in custody for a period longer than 15 years from the date of his or
her initial parole.
   (7) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall meet
with each inmate at least 30 days prior to his or her good time
release date and shall provide, under guidelines specified by the
parole authority or the department, whichever is applicable, the
conditions of parole and the length of parole up to the maximum
period of time provided by law. The inmate has the right to
reconsideration of the length of parole and conditions thereof by the
department or the parole authority, whichever is applicable. The
Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation or the board may impose
as a condition of parole that a prisoner make payments on the
prisoner's outstanding restitution fines or orders imposed pursuant
to subdivision (a) or (c) of Section 13967 of the Government Code, as
operative prior to September 28, 1994, or subdivision (b) or (f) of
Section 1202.4.
   (8) For purposes of this chapter, and except as otherwise
described in this section, the board shall be considered the parole
authority.
   (9) (A)  On and after July 1, 2013, the sole authority to issue
warrants for the return to actual custody of any state prisoner
released on parole rests with the court pursuant to Section 1203.2,
except for any escaped state prisoner or any state prisoner released
prior to his or her scheduled release date who should be returned to
custody, and Section 5054.1 shall apply.
   (B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), any warrant issued by the
Board of Parole Hearings prior to July 1, 2013, shall remain in full
force and effect until the warrant is served or it is recalled by the
board. All prisoners on parole arrested pursuant to a warrant issued
by the board shall be subject to a review by the board prior to the
department filing a petition with the court to revoke the parole of
the petitioner.
   (10) It is the intent of the Legislature that efforts be made with
respect to persons who are subject to Section 290.011 who are on
parole to engage them in treatment.

Section: 3000  3000.03  3000.05  3000.07  3000.08  3000.09  3000.1  3001  3002  3003  3003.5  3003.6  3004  3006  3007  Next

Last modified: March 17, 2014