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California Penal Code Section 311.2

Legal Research Home > California Laws > Penal Code > California Penal Code Section 311.2

311.2.  (a) Every person who knowingly sends or causes to be sent,
or brings or causes to be brought, into this state for sale or
distribution, or in this state possesses, prepares, publishes,
produces, or prints, with intent to distribute or to exhibit to
others, or who offers to distribute, distributes, or exhibits to
others, any obscene matter is for a first offense, guilty of a
misdemeanor. If the person has previously been convicted of any
violation of this section, the court may, in addition to the
punishment authorized in Section 311.9, impose a fine not exceeding
fifty thousand dollars ($50,000).
   (b) Every person who knowingly sends or causes to be sent, or
brings or causes to be brought, into this state for sale or
distribution, or in this state possesses, prepares, publishes,
produces, develops, duplicates, or prints any representation of
information, data, or image, including, but not limited to, any film,
filmstrip, photograph, negative, slide, photocopy, videotape, video
laser disc, computer hardware, computer software, computer floppy
disc, data storage media, CD-ROM, or computer-generated equipment or
any other computer-generated image that contains or incorporates in
any manner, any film or filmstrip, with intent to distribute or to
exhibit to, or to exchange with, others for commercial consideration,
or who offers to distribute, distributes, or exhibits to, or
exchanges with, others for commercial consideration, any obscene
matter, knowing that the matter depicts a person under the age of 18
years personally engaging in or personally simulating sexual conduct,
as defined in Section 311.4, is guilty of a felony and shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three, or six
years, or by a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars
($100,000), in the absence of a finding that the defendant would be
incapable of paying that fine, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
   (c) Every person who knowingly sends or causes to be sent, or
brings or causes to be brought, into this state for sale or
distribution, or in this state possesses, prepares, publishes,
produces, develops, duplicates, or prints any representation of
information, data, or image, including, but not limited to, any film,
filmstrip, photograph, negative, slide, photocopy, videotape, video
laser disc, computer hardware, computer software, computer floppy
disc, data storage media, CD-ROM, or computer-generated equipment or
any other computer-generated image that contains or incorporates in
any manner, any film or filmstrip, with intent to distribute or
exhibit to, or to exchange with, a person 18 years of age or older,
or who offers to distribute, distributes, or exhibits to, or
exchanges with, a person 18 years of age or older any matter, knowing
that the matter depicts a person under the age of 18 years
personally engaging in or personally simulating sexual conduct, as
defined in Section 311.4, shall be punished by imprisonment in the
county jail for up to one year, or by a fine not exceeding two
thousand dollars ($2,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment, or
by imprisonment in the state prison. It is not necessary to prove
commercial consideration or that the matter is obscene in order to
establish a violation of this subdivision. If a person has been
previously convicted of a violation of this subdivision, he or she is
guilty of a felony.
   (d) Every person who knowingly sends or causes to be sent, or
brings or causes to be brought, into this state for sale or
distribution, or in this state possesses, prepares, publishes,
produces, develops, duplicates, or prints any representation of
information, data, or image, including, but not limited to, any film,
filmstrip, photograph, negative, slide, photocopy, videotape, video
laser disc, computer hardware, computer software, computer floppy
disc, data storage media, CD-ROM, or computer-generated equipment or
any other computer-generated image that contains or incorporates in
any manner, any film or filmstrip, with intent to distribute or
exhibit to, or to exchange with, a person under 18 years of age, or
who offers to distribute, distributes, or exhibits to, or exchanges
with, a person under 18 years of age any matter, knowing that the
matter depicts a person under the age of 18 years personally engaging
in or personally simulating sexual conduct, as defined in Section
311.4, is guilty of a felony. It is not necessary to prove commercial
consideration or that the matter is obscene in order to establish a
violation of this subdivision.
   (e) Subdivisions (a) to (d), inclusive, do not apply to the
activities of law enforcement and prosecuting agencies in the
investigation and prosecution of criminal offenses, to legitimate
medical, scientific, or educational activities, or to lawful conduct
between spouses.
   (f) This section does not apply to matter that depicts a legally
emancipated child under the age of 18 years or to lawful conduct
between spouses when one or both are under the age of 18 years.
   (g) It does not constitute a violation of this section for a
telephone corporation, as defined by Section 234 of the Public
Utilities Code, to carry or transmit messages described in this
chapter or to perform related activities in providing telephone
services.

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Last modified: March 17, 2014