Title 14. Malicious Mischief - California Penal Code Section 602.8
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California Laws > Penal Code > Title 14. Malicious Mischief - California Penal Code Section 602.8
602.8. (a) Any person who without the written permission of the
landowner, the owner's agent, or the person in lawful possession of
the land, willfully enters any lands under cultivation or enclosed by
fence, belonging to, or occupied by, another, or who willfully
enters upon uncultivated or unenclosed lands where signs forbidding
trespass are displayed at intervals not less than three to the mile
along all exterior boundaries and at all roads and trails entering
the lands, is guilty of a public offense.
(b) Any person convicted of a violation of subdivision (a) shall
be punished as follows:
(1) A first offense is an infraction punishable by a fine of
seventy-five dollars ($75).
(2) A second offense on the same land or any contiguous land of
the same landowner, without the permission of the landowner, the
landowner's agent, or the person in lawful possession of the land, is
an infraction punishable by a fine of two hundred fifty dollars
(3) A third or subsequent offense on the same land or any
contiguous land of the same landowner, without the permission of the
landowner, the landowner's agent, or the person in lawful possession
of the land, is a misdemeanor.
(c) Subdivision (a) shall not apply to any of the following:
(1) Any person engaged in lawful labor union activities which are
permitted to be carried out on property by the California
Agricultural Labor Relations Act, Part 3.5 (commencing with Section
1140) of Division 2 of the Labor Code, or by the National Labor
(2) Any person on the premises who is engaging in activities
protected by the California or United States Constitution.
(3) Any person described in Section 22350 of the Business and
Professions Code who is making a lawful service of process.
(4) Any person licensed pursuant to Chapter 15 (commencing with
Section 8700) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code who
is engaged in the lawful practice of land surveying as authorized by
Section 846.5 of the Civil Code.
(d) For any infraction charged pursuant to this section, the
defendant shall have the option to forfeit bail in lieu of making a
court appearance. Notwithstanding subdivision (e) of Section 853.6,
if the offender elects to forfeit bail pursuant to this subdivision,
no further proceedings shall be had in the case.
Last modified: February 16, 2015