onecle - legal research

Court Opinions

State Laws

US Code

US Constitution

California Vehicle Code Section 22651

Legal Research Home > California Laws > Vehicle Code > California Vehicle Code Section 22651

22651.  A peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with
Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2 of the Penal Code, or a regularly
employed and salaried employee, who is engaged in directing traffic
or enforcing parking laws and regulations, of a city, county, or
jurisdiction of a state agency in which a vehicle is located, may
remove a vehicle located within the territorial limits in which the
officer or employee may act, under the following circumstances:
   (a) When a vehicle is left unattended upon a bridge, viaduct, or
causeway or in a tube or tunnel where the vehicle constitutes an
obstruction to traffic.
   (b) When a vehicle is parked or left standing upon a highway in a
position so as to obstruct the normal movement of traffic or in a
condition so as to create a hazard to other traffic upon the highway.
   (c) When a vehicle is found upon a highway or public land and a
report has previously been made that the vehicle is stolen or a
complaint has been filed and a warrant thereon is issued charging
that the vehicle was embezzled.
   (d) When a vehicle is illegally parked so as to block the entrance
to a private driveway and it is impractical to move the vehicle from
in front of the driveway to another point on the highway.
   (e) When a vehicle is illegally parked so as to prevent access by
firefighting equipment to a fire hydrant and it is impracticable to
move the vehicle from in front of the fire hydrant to another point
on the highway.
   (f) When a vehicle, except highway maintenance or construction
equipment, is stopped, parked, or left standing for more than four
hours upon the right-of-way of a freeway that has full control of
access and no crossings at grade and the driver, if present, cannot
move the vehicle under its own power.
   (g) When the person in charge of a vehicle upon a highway or
public land is, by reason of physical injuries or illness,
incapacitated to an extent so as to be unable to provide for its
custody or removal.
   (h) (1) When an officer arrests a person driving or in control of
a vehicle for an alleged offense and the officer is, by this code or
other law, required or permitted to take, and does take, the person
into custody.
   (2) When an officer serves a notice of an order of suspension or
revocation pursuant to Section 13388 or 13389.
   (i) (1) When a vehicle, other than a rented vehicle, is found upon
a highway or public land, or is removed pursuant to this code, and
it is known that the vehicle has been issued five or more notices of
parking violations to which the owner or person in control of the
vehicle has not responded within 21 calendar days of notice of
citation issuance or citation issuance or 14 calendar days of the
mailing of a notice of delinquent parking violation to the agency
responsible for processing notices of parking violations, or the
registered owner of the vehicle is known to have been issued five or
more notices for failure to pay or failure to appear in court for
traffic violations for which a certificate has not been issued by the
magistrate or clerk of the court hearing the case showing that the
case has been adjudicated or concerning which the registered owner's
record has not been cleared pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with
Section 41500) of Division 17, the vehicle may be impounded until
that person furnishes to the impounding law enforcement agency all of
the following:
   (A) Evidence of his or her identity.
   (B) An address within this state at which he or she can be
located.
   (C) Satisfactory evidence that all parking penalties due for the
vehicle and all other vehicles registered to the registered owner of
the impounded vehicle, and all traffic violations of the registered
owner, have been cleared.
   (2) The requirements in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) shall be
fully enforced by the impounding law enforcement agency on and after
the time that the Department of Motor Vehicles is able to provide
access to the necessary records.
   (3) A notice of parking violation issued for an unlawfully parked
vehicle shall be accompanied by a warning that repeated violations
may result in the impounding of the vehicle. In lieu of furnishing
satisfactory evidence that the full amount of parking penalties or
bail has been deposited, that person may demand to be taken without
unnecessary delay before a magistrate, for traffic offenses, or a
hearing examiner, for parking offenses, within the county in which
the offenses charged are alleged to have been committed and who has
jurisdiction of the offenses and is nearest or most accessible with
reference to the place where the vehicle is impounded. Evidence of
current registration shall be produced after a vehicle has been
impounded, or, at the discretion of the impounding law enforcement
agency, a notice to appear for violation of subdivision (a) of
Section 4000 shall be issued to that person.
   (4) A vehicle shall be released to the legal owner, as defined in
Section 370, if the legal owner does all of the following:
   (A) Pays the cost of towing and storing the vehicle.
   (B) Submits evidence of payment of fees as provided in Section
9561.
   (C) Completes an affidavit in a form acceptable to the impounding
law enforcement agency stating that the vehicle was not in possession
of the legal owner at the time of occurrence of the offenses
relating to standing or parking. A vehicle released to a legal owner
under this subdivision is a repossessed vehicle for purposes of
disposition or sale. The impounding agency shall have a lien on any
surplus that remains upon sale of the vehicle to which the registered
owner is or may be entitled, as security for the full amount of the
parking penalties for all notices of parking violations issued for
the vehicle and for all local administrative charges imposed pursuant
to Section 22850.5. The legal owner shall promptly remit to, and
deposit with, the agency responsible for processing notices of
parking violations from that surplus, on receipt of that surplus, the
full amount of the parking penalties for all notices of parking
violations issued for the vehicle and for all local administrative
charges imposed pursuant to Section 22850.5.
   (5) The impounding agency that has a lien on the surplus that
remains upon the sale of a vehicle to which a registered owner is
entitled pursuant to paragraph (4) has a deficiency claim against the
registered owner for the full amount of the parking penalties for
all notices of parking violations issued for the vehicle and for all
local administrative charges imposed pursuant to Section 22850.5,
less the amount received from the sale of the vehicle.
   (j) When a vehicle is found illegally parked and there are no
license plates or other evidence of registration displayed, the
vehicle may be impounded until the owner or person in control of the
vehicle furnishes the impounding law enforcement agency evidence of
his or her identity and an address within this state at which he or
she can be located.
   (k) When a vehicle is parked or left standing upon a highway for
72 or more consecutive hours in violation of a local ordinance
authorizing removal.
   (l) When a vehicle is illegally parked on a highway in violation
of a local ordinance forbidding standing or parking and the use of a
highway, or a portion thereof, is necessary for the cleaning, repair,
or construction of the highway, or for the installation of
underground utilities, and signs giving notice that the vehicle may
be removed are erected or placed at least 24 hours prior to the
removal by a local authority pursuant to the ordinance.
   (m) When the use of the highway, or a portion of the highway, is
authorized by a local authority for a purpose other than the normal
flow of traffic or for the movement of equipment, articles, or
structures of unusual size, and the parking of a vehicle would
prohibit or interfere with that use or movement, and signs giving
notice that the vehicle may be removed are erected or placed at least
24 hours prior to the removal by a local authority pursuant to the
ordinance.
   (n) Whenever a vehicle is parked or left standing where local
authorities, by resolution or ordinance, have prohibited parking and
have authorized the removal of vehicles. Except as provided in
subdivisions (v) and (w), a vehicle shall not be removed unless signs
are posted giving notice of the removal.
   (o) (1) When a vehicle is found or operated upon a highway, public
land, or an offstreet parking facility under the following
circumstances:
   (A) With a registration expiration date in excess of six months
before the date it is found or operated on the highway, public lands,
or the offstreet parking facility.
   (B) Displaying in, or upon, the vehicle, a registration card,
identification card, temporary receipt, license plate, special plate,
registration sticker, device issued pursuant to Section 4853, or
permit that was not issued for that vehicle, or is not otherwise
lawfully used on that vehicle under this code.
   (C) Displaying in, or upon, the vehicle, an altered, forged,
counterfeit, or falsified registration card, identification card,
temporary receipt, license plate, special plate, registration
sticker, device issued pursuant to Section 4853, or permit.
   (2) When a vehicle described in paragraph (1) is occupied, only a
peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section
830) of Title 3 of Part 2 of the Penal Code, may remove the vehicle.
   (3) For the purposes of this subdivision, the vehicle shall be
released under either of the following circumstances:
   (A) To the registered owner or person in control of the vehicle
only after the owner or person furnishes the storing law enforcement
agency with proof of current registration and a currently valid
driver's license to operate the vehicle.
   (B) To the legal owner or the legal owner's agency, without
payment of any fees, fines, or penalties for parking tickets or
registration and without proof of current registration, if the
vehicle will only be transported pursuant to the exemption specified
in Section 4022 and if the legal owner does all of the following:
   (i) Pays the cost of towing and storing the vehicle.
   (ii) Completes an affidavit in a form acceptable to the impounding
law enforcement agency stating that the vehicle was not in
possession of the legal owner at the time of occurrence of an offense
relating to standing or parking. A vehicle released to a legal owner
under this subdivision is a repossessed vehicle for purposes of
disposition or sale. The impounding agency has a lien on any surplus
that remains upon sale of the vehicle to which the registered owner
is or may be entitled, as security for the full amount of parking
penalties for any notices of parking violations issued for the
vehicle and for all local administrative charges imposed pursuant to
Section 22850.5. Upon receipt of any surplus, the legal owner shall
promptly remit to, and deposit with, the agency responsible for
processing notices of parking violations from that surplus, the full
amount of the parking penalties for all notices of parking violations
issued for the vehicle and for all local administrative charges
imposed pursuant to Section 22850.5.
   (4) The impounding agency that has a lien on the surplus that
remains upon the sale of a vehicle to which a registered owner is
entitled has a deficiency claim against the registered owner for the
full amount of parking penalties for any notices of parking
violations issued for the vehicle and for all local administrative
charges imposed pursuant to Section 22850.5, less the amount received
from the sale of the vehicle.
   (5) As used in this subdivision, "offstreet parking facility"
means an offstreet facility held open for use by the public for
parking vehicles and includes a publicly owned facility for offstreet
parking, and a privately owned facility for offstreet parking if a
fee is not charged for the privilege to park and it is held open for
the common public use of retail customers.
   (p) When the peace officer issues the driver of a vehicle a notice
to appear for a violation of Section 12500, 14601, 14601.1, 14601.2,
14601.3, 14601.4, 14601.5, or 14604 and the vehicle is not impounded
pursuant to Section 22655.5. A vehicle so removed from the highway
or public land, or from private property after having been on a
highway or public land, shall not be released to the registered owner
or his or her agent, except upon presentation of the registered
owner's or his or her agent's currently valid driver's license to
operate the vehicle and proof of current vehicle registration, to the
impounding law enforcement agency, or upon order of a court.
   (q) When a vehicle is parked for more than 24 hours on a portion
of highway that is located within the boundaries of a common interest
development, as defined in Section 4100 or 6534 of the Civil Code,
and signs, as required by paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section
22658 of this code, have been posted on that portion of highway
providing notice to drivers that vehicles parked thereon for more
than 24 hours will be removed at the owner's expense, pursuant to a
resolution or ordinance adopted by the local authority.
   (r) When a vehicle is illegally parked and blocks the movement of
a legally parked vehicle.
   (s) (1) When a vehicle, except highway maintenance or construction
equipment, an authorized emergency vehicle, or a vehicle that is
properly permitted or otherwise authorized by the Department of
Transportation, is stopped, parked, or left standing for more than
eight hours within a roadside rest area or viewpoint.
   (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), when a commercial motor
vehicle, as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section
15210, is stopped, parked, or left standing for more than 10 hours
within a roadside rest area or viewpoint.
   (3) For purposes of this subdivision, a roadside rest area or
viewpoint is a publicly maintained vehicle parking area, adjacent to
a highway, utilized for the convenient, safe stopping of a vehicle to
enable motorists to rest or to view the scenery. If two or more
roadside rest areas are located on opposite sides of the highway, or
upon the center divider, within seven miles of each other, then that
combination of rest areas is considered to be the same rest area.
   (t) When a peace officer issues a notice to appear for a violation
of Section 25279.
   (u) When a peace officer issues a citation for a violation of
Section 11700 and the vehicle is being offered for sale.
   (v) (1) When a vehicle is a mobile billboard advertising display,
as defined in Section 395.5, and is parked or left standing in
violation of a local resolution or ordinance adopted pursuant to
subdivision (m) of Section 21100, if the registered owner of the
vehicle was previously issued a warning citation for the same
offense, pursuant to paragraph (2).
   (2) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 22507, a city or
county, in lieu of posting signs noticing a local ordinance
prohibiting mobile billboard advertising displays adopted pursuant to
subdivision (m) of Section 21100, may provide notice by issuing a
warning citation advising the registered owner of the vehicle that he
or she may be subject to penalties upon a subsequent violation of
the ordinance, that may include the removal of the vehicle as
provided in paragraph (1). A city or county is not required to
provide further notice for a subsequent violation prior to the
enforcement of penalties for a violation of the ordinance.
   (w) (1) When a vehicle is parked or left standing in violation of
a local ordinance or resolution adopted pursuant to subdivision (p)
of Section 21100, if the registered owner of the vehicle was
previously issued a warning citation for the same offense, pursuant
to paragraph (2).
   (2) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 22507, a city or
county, in lieu of posting signs noticing a local ordinance
regulating advertising signs adopted pursuant to subdivision (p) of
Section 21100, may provide notice by issuing a warning citation
advising the registered owner of the vehicle that he or she may be
subject to penalties upon a subsequent violation of the ordinance
that may include the removal of the vehicle as provided in paragraph
(1). A city or county is not required to provide further notice for a
subsequent violation prior to the enforcement of penalties for a
violation of the ordinance.

Section: Previous  22650  22651  22651.05  22651.07  22651.1  22651.2  22651.3  22651.4  22651.5  22651.6  22651.7  22651.8  22651.9  22652  22652.5  Next

Speak with a Lawyer in California

Last modified: March 17, 2014