Jennings v. The Brig Perseverance, 3 U.S. 336
3 U.S. 336
3 Dall. 336
1 L.Ed. 625
Jennings et al. Plaintiffs in Error,
February Term, 1797.
This was a writ of error to remove the proceedings in an admiralty cause from the Circuit Court for the district of Rhode Island. Soon after the decree was there pronounced the District Judge died, and Judge Chase had left the district; so that the record was sent up with all the evidence annexed, but no statement of facts by the court.
Du Ponceau and Robbins, for the Defendant in error, insisted, that the Plaintiff could not go into a consideration of errors in fact; and, that the rules established in the cases of Wiscart v. D'Auchy (ant. p. 321.) Pintado v. Bernard, and the United States v. La Vengeance, (ant. p.) were conclusive. They, also, cited the following authorities: 1 Vern. 166. 214. 216. 3 Wils. 308. 2 Bl. Rep. 831. 1 Mod. 207. 56. 61. Cro. E. 667. 6 Co. 7.
E. Tilghman, for the Plaintiff in error, admitted, that, although the case of a record transmitted with the evidence, but without a statement of facts, had never been expressly decided, yet, that it appeared to be embraced by the reasoning of the Chief Justice, in support of the second rule in Wiscart v. D'Auchy; and if the court were, also, of that opinion, he would decline troubling them with any further argument.
Though I was silent on the occasion, I concurred in opinion with Judge Wilson upon the second rule laid down in Wiscart v. D'Auchy; and, of course, the court were divided, four to two, upon the decision. I thought, indeed, that excluding a consideration of the evidence (which, virtually, amounts to a statement of facts) was shutting the door against light and truth; and was leaving the property of the country too much to the discretion and judgment of a single Judge. But conceiving myself bound by the rule, and that, in some shape, the facts must be made to appear on the record, I have always since thought it my duty to make a statement, where the counsel would not, or could not, agree in forming one.
As to the present point, though there is no express determination, it was the subject of discussion among the Judges at their chamber; an opinion was formed, but not delivered, by the same majority, that established the second rule in Wiscart versus D'Auchy; and the reasoning of the Chief Justice in support of that rule, went clearly to this case. I do not, therefore, think, that any new argument can be necessary. However disposed I might have been originally to give the most liberal construction to the act of Congress, the decision of the Court precludes me from considering the evidence, at this time, as a statement of facts; and if there is no statement of facts, the consequence seems naturally to follow, that there can be no error.
The Court concurring in the representation made by Judge Paterson, they proceeded, without further argument on the principal question, to
Affirm the Decree.
E. Tilghman suggested, however, that the damages were very high, and that, in fact, an allowance for counsel fees was included, though it did not appear on the record.
Du Ponceau, urged, that the court could not travel out of the record to ascertain a fact. In the case where an allowance for counsel's fees had been struck out, that charge and all the items on which damages had been awarded, were stated in an account annexed to the record.
An account of items, as a foundation to award damages, was exhibited in the court below: but it is a sufficient answer here, that the allowance does not appear on the record.
The Court concurred in this opinion; and Du Ponceau prayed an encrease of damages for the delay occasioned by bringing this writ of error, contending, that under the 23rd section of the Judicial Act, damages for delay were peremptorily prescribed, and that the discretion of the court only went to the award of single or double costs.
But, by the Court: The prize was sold by the agreement of the parties, the Captor and the French Consul; but the money was afterwards stopped in the hands of the Marshal, upon a monition issued by a third person (the original owner of the prize) who was not a party to the agreement. The decree must be affirmed without an encrease of damages; and the interest to the present day, must run upon the debt only, and not on the damages.
Du Ponceau, next prayed an allowance of 12 dollars and 50 cents, the cost of a printed state of the case for the use of the Judges.
But the court observed, that, however convenient it might be, there was no rule authorising the charge; and, therefore, it could not be allowed.
Proceedings in the District Court, 20th September, 1794.
The now Plaintiffs in error, subjects of the King of Great Britain, file their Libel, complaining of the capture made on the 27th of July preceding, of their brig Perseverance and her cargo, on the high seas, on a voyage from Turks Island, to St. John's, New Brunswick.
They state that she was captured by two armed vessels, each of about 35 tons burthen, one called the Sanspareil, the other the Senora, brought into the district of Rhode Island, under the care of John Baptiste Bernard, prize-master, sold by his order at Providence, for 5028 dollars, and the proceeds lodged in the hands of the Marshal of the district where they now are.
They complain that the Senora was originally fitted out, and the force of the Sanspareil was encreased and augmented, by adding to the number of guns and gun carriages, at Charleston, South Carolina, with intent to cruize, etc.
That at the time of capture, there were on board both the captured vessels, divers citizens of the United States, to wit, on board the Sanspareil 12, and on board the Serona 21, all of whom were aiding and assisting at the capture.
That there was no person on board of either of the capturing vessels duly commissioned to make captures, etc.
They pray restitution of the vessel and cargo, or the proceeds thereof.
Chase, Justice. Even if the court were to permit it, you would find little encouragement to enter into the merits: The evidence is too plainly against you.
See Arcambel versus Wiseman, ant. p. 306.
Though I have reported all that occurred in the Court upon the hearing of this cause, it may, perhaps, be of use to subjoin a copy of the printed case, which was allowed by E. Tilghman to be correct.
Jennings and Venner, Plaintiffs in Error, versus the brig Writ of Error Perseverance and her cargo, or the monies arising from the Circuit therefrom, in the hands of William Peck, Esq. Court, for the Marshal of the district of Rhode Island, and Louis district of Arcambal, Claimant and Defendant in Error. Rhode Island.
Last modified: October 1, 2009