Code of Virginia - Title 20 Domestic Relations - Section 20-146.31 Hearing and order
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§ 20-146.31. Hearing and order
A. Unless the court issues a temporary emergency order pursuant to § 20-146.15, upon a finding that a petitioner is entitled to immediate physical custody of the child, the court shall order that the petitioner may take immediate physical custody of the child unless the respondent establishes that:
1. The child custody determination has not been registered under § 20-146.26 and that:
a. The issuing court did not have jurisdiction under Article 2 (§ 20-146.12 et seq.) of this chapter;
b. The child custody determination for which enforcement is sought has been vacated, stayed, or modified by a court of a state having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2 (§ 20-146.12 et seq.) of this chapter; or
c. The respondent was entitled to notice, but notice was not given in accordance with the standards of § 20-146.7, in the proceedings before the court that issued the order for which enforcement is sought; or
2. The child custody determination for which enforcement is sought was registered under § 20-146.26, but has been vacated, stayed, or modified by a court of a state having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2 (§ 20-146.12 et seq.) of this chapter.
B. The court shall award the fees, costs, and expenses authorized under § 20-146.33 and may grant additional relief, including a request for the assistance of law-enforcement officials, and set a further hearing to determine whether additional relief is appropriate.
C. If a party called to testify refuses to answer on the ground that the testimony may be self-incriminating, the court may draw an adverse inference from the refusal.
D. A privilege against disclosure of communications between spouses and a defense of immunity based on the relationship of husband and wife or parent and child may not be invoked in a proceeding under this article.
(2001, c. 305.)Sections: Previous 20-146.24 20-146.25 20-146.26 20-146.27 20-146.28 20-146.29 20-146.30 20-146.31 20-146.32 20-146.33 20-146.34 20-146.35 20-146.36 20-146.37 20-146.38 Next
Last modified: April 16, 2009