California Labor Code Section 512
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California Laws > Labor Code > California Labor Code Section 512
512. (a) An employer may not employ an employee for a work period
of more than five hours per day without providing the employee with a
meal period of not less than 30 minutes, except that if the total
work period per day of the employee is no more than six hours, the
meal period may be waived by mutual consent of both the employer and
employee. An employer may not employ an employee for a work period of
more than 10 hours per day without providing the employee with a
second meal period of not less than 30 minutes, except that if the
total hours worked is no more than 12 hours, the second meal period
may be waived by mutual consent of the employer and the employee only
if the first meal period was not waived.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the Industrial Welfare
Commission may adopt a working condition order permitting a meal
period to commence after six hours of work if the commission
determines that the order is consistent with the health and welfare
of the affected employees.
(c) Subdivision (a) does not apply to an employee in the wholesale
baking industry who is subject to an Industrial Welfare Commission
wage order and who is covered by a valid collective bargaining
agreement that provides for a 35-hour workweek consisting of five
7-hour days, payment of one and one-half times the regular rate of
pay for time worked in excess of seven hours per day, and a rest
period of not less than 10 minutes every two hours.
(d) If an employee in the motion picture industry or the
broadcasting industry, as those industries are defined in Industrial
Welfare Commission Wage Order Numbers 11 and 12, is covered by a
valid collective bargaining agreement that provides for meal periods
and includes a monetary remedy if the employee does not receive a
meal period required by the agreement, then the terms, conditions,
and remedies of the agreement pertaining to meal periods apply in
lieu of the applicable provisions pertaining to meal periods of
subdivision (a) of this section, Section 226.7, and Industrial
Welfare Commission Wage Order Numbers 11 and 12.
(e) Subdivisions (a) and (b) do not apply to an employee specified
in subdivision (f) if both of the following conditions are
(1) The employee is covered by a valid collective bargaining
(2) The valid collective bargaining agreement expressly provides
for the wages, hours of work, and working conditions of employees,
and expressly provides for meal periods for those employees, final
and binding arbitration of disputes concerning application of its
meal period provisions, premium wage rates for all overtime hours
worked, and a regular hourly rate of pay of not less than 30 percent
more than the state minimum wage rate.
(f) Subdivision (e) applies to each of the following employees:
(1) An employee employed in a construction occupation.
(2) An employee employed as a commercial driver.
(3) An employee employed in the security services industry as a
security officer who is registered pursuant to Chapter 11.5
(commencing with Section 7580) of Division 3 of the Business and
Professions Code, and who is employed by a private patrol operator
registered pursuant to that chapter.
(4) An employee employed by an electrical corporation, a gas
corporation, or a local publicly owned electric utility.
(g) The following definitions apply for the purposes of this
(1) "Commercial driver" means an employee who operates a vehicle
described in Section 260 or 462 of, or subdivision (b) of Section
15210 of, the Vehicle Code.
(2) "Construction occupation" means all job classifications
associated with construction by Article 2 (commencing with Section
7025) of Chapter 9 of Division 3 of the Business and Professions
Code, including work involving alteration, demolition, building,
excavation, renovation, remodeling, maintenance, improvement, and
repair, and any other similar or related occupation or trade.
(3) "Electrical corporation" has the same meaning as provided in
Section 218 of the Public Utilities Code.
(4) "Gas corporation" has the same meaning as provided in Section
222 of the Public Utilities Code.
(5) "Local publicly owned electric utility" has the same meaning
as provided in Section 224.3 of the Public Utilities Code.
Last modified: February 22, 2013