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Chapter 5. Bigamy, Incest, and the Crime Against Nature - California Penal Code Section 289

289.  (a) (1) (A) Any person who commits an act of sexual
penetration when the act is accomplished against the victim's will by
means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and
unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight
years.
   (B) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration upon a
child who is under 14 years of age, when the act is accomplished
against the victim's will by means of force, violence, duress,
menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim
or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for 8, 10, or 12 years.
   (C) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration upon a
minor who is 14 years of age or older, when the act is accomplished
against the victim's will by means of force, violence, duress,
menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim
or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for 6, 8, or 10 years.
   (D) This paragraph does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
   (2) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
act is accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to
retaliate in the future against the victim or any other person, and
there is a reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute
the threat, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
three, six, or eight years.
   (b) Except as provided in subdivision (c), any person who commits
an act of sexual penetration, and the victim is at the time
incapable, because of a mental disorder or developmental or physical
disability, of giving legal consent, and this is known or reasonably
should be known to the person committing the act or causing the act
to be committed, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, six, or eight years. Notwithstanding the
appointment of a conservator with respect to the victim pursuant to
the provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing
with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an element of the
crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability
rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving legal consent.
   (c) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration, and the
victim is at the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or
developmental or physical disability, of giving legal consent, and
this is known or reasonably should be known to the person committing
the act or causing the act to be committed and both the defendant and
the victim are at the time confined in a state hospital for the care
and treatment of the mentally disordered or in any other public or
private facility for the care and treatment of the mentally
disordered approved by a county mental health director, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county jail for
a period of not more than one year. Notwithstanding the existence of
a conservatorship pursuant to the provisions of the
Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of
Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code), the prosecuting
attorney shall prove, as an element of the crime, that a mental
disorder or developmental or physical disability rendered the alleged
victim incapable of giving legal consent.
   (d) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration, and the
victim is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this
is known to the person committing the act or causing the act to be
committed, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
three, six, or eight years. As used in this subdivision, "unconscious
of the nature of the act" means incapable of resisting because the
victim meets one of the following conditions:
   (1) Was unconscious or asleep.
   (2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
   (3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's fraud
in fact.
   (4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's
fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
   (e) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
victim is prevented from resisting by any intoxicating or anesthetic
substance, or any controlled substance, and this condition was known,
or reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three,
six, or eight years.
   (f) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
victim submits under the belief that the person committing the act or
causing the act to be committed is someone known to the victim other
than the accused, and this belief is induced by any artifice,
pretense, or concealment practiced by the accused, with intent to
induce the belief, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for a period of three, six, or eight years.
   (g) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
act is accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to use
the authority of a public official to incarcerate, arrest, or deport
the victim or another, and the victim has a reasonable belief that
the perpetrator is a public official, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight
years.
   As used in this subdivision, "public official" means a person
employed by a governmental agency who has the authority, as part of
that position, to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The
perpetrator does not actually have to be a public official.
   (h) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who participates
in an act of sexual penetration with another person who is under 18
years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison or
in a county jail for a period of not more than one year.
   (i) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over 21 years of
age who participates in an act of sexual penetration with another
person who is under 16 years of age shall be guilty of a felony.
   (j) Any person who participates in an act of sexual penetration
with another person who is under 14 years of age and who is more than
10 years younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (k) As used in this section:
   (1) "Sexual penetration" is the act of causing the penetration,
however slight, of the genital or anal opening of any person or
causing another person to so penetrate the defendant's or another
person's genital or anal opening for the purpose of sexual arousal,
gratification, or abuse by any foreign object, substance, instrument,
or device, or by any unknown object.
   (2) "Foreign object, substance, instrument, or device" shall
include any part of the body, except a sexual organ.
   (3) "Unknown object" shall include any foreign object, substance,
instrument, or device, or any part of the body, including a penis,
when it is not known whether penetration was by a penis or by a
foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, or by any other
part of the body.
   (l) As used in subdivision (a), "threatening to retaliate" means a
threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or inflict extreme pain,
serious bodily injury or death.
   (m) As used in this section, "victim" includes any person who the
defendant causes to penetrate the genital or anal opening of the
defendant or another person or whose genital or anal opening is
caused to be penetrated by the defendant or another person and who
otherwise qualifies as a victim under the requirements of this
section.
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Last modified: February 16, 2015