California Penal Code Section 646.91
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California Laws > Penal Code > California Penal Code Section 646.91
646.91. (a) Notwithstanding any other law, a judicial officer may
issue an ex parte emergency protective order where a peace officer,
as defined in Section 830.1, 830.2, or 830.32, asserts reasonable
grounds to believe that a person is in immediate and present danger
of stalking based upon the person's allegation that he or she has
been willfully, maliciously, and repeatedly followed or harassed by
another person who has made a credible threat with the intent of
placing the person who is the target of the threat in reasonable fear
for his or her safety, or the safety of his or her immediate family,
within the meaning of Section 646.9.
(b) A peace officer who requests an emergency protective order
shall reduce the order to writing and sign it.
(c) An emergency protective order shall include all of the
(1) A statement of the grounds asserted for the order.
(2) The date and time the order expires.
(3) The address of the superior court for the district or county
in which the protected party resides.
(4) The following statements, which shall be printed in English
(A) "To the protected person: This order will last until the date
and time noted above. If you wish to seek continuing protection, you
will have to apply for an order from the court at the address noted
above. You may seek the advice of an attorney as to any matter
connected with your application for any future court orders. The
attorney should be consulted promptly so that the attorney may assist
you in making your application."
(B) "To the restrained person: This order will last until the date
and time noted above. The protected party may, however, obtain a
more permanent restraining order from the court. You may seek the
advice of an attorney as to any matter connected with the
application. The attorney should be consulted promptly so that the
attorney may assist you in responding to the application. You may not
own, possess, purchase or receive, or attempt to purchase or receive
a firearm while this order is in effect."
(d) An emergency protective order may be issued under this section
only if the judicial officer finds both of the following:
(1) That reasonable grounds have been asserted to believe that an
immediate and present danger of stalking, as defined in Section
(2) That an emergency protective order is necessary to prevent the
occurrence or reoccurrence of the stalking activity.
(e) An emergency protective order may include either of the
following specific orders as appropriate:
(1) A harassment protective order as described in Section 527.6 of
the Code of Civil Procedure.
(2) A workplace violence protective order as described in Section
527.8 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(f) An emergency protective order shall be issued without
prejudice to any person.
(g) An emergency protective order expires at the earlier of the
(1) The close of judicial business on the fifth court day
following the day of its issuance.
(2) The seventh calendar day following the day of its issuance.
(h) A peace officer who requests an emergency protective order
shall do all of the following:
(1) Serve the order on the restrained person, if the restrained
person can reasonably be located.
(2) Give a copy of the order to the protected person, or, if the
protected person is a minor child, to a parent or guardian of the
protected child if the parent or guardian can reasonably be located,
or to a person having temporary custody of the child.
(3) File a copy of the order with the court as soon as practicable
(i) A peace officer shall use every reasonable means to enforce an
emergency protective order.
(j) A peace officer who acts in good faith to enforce an emergency
protective order is not civilly or criminally liable.
(k) A peace officer who requests an emergency protective order
under this section shall carry copies of the order while on duty.
(l) A peace officer described in subdivision (a) or (b) of Section
830.32 who requests an emergency protective order pursuant to this
section shall also notify the sheriff or police chief of the city in
whose jurisdiction the peace officer's college or school is located
after issuance of the order.
(m) "Judicial officer," as used in this section, means a judge,
commissioner, or referee.
(n) A person subject to an emergency protective order under this
section shall not own, possess, purchase, or receive a firearm while
the order is in effect.
(o) Nothing in this section shall be construed to permit a court
to issue an emergency protective order prohibiting speech or other
activities that are constitutionally protected or protected by the
laws of this state or by the United States or activities occurring
during a labor dispute, as defined by Section 527.3 of the Code of
Civil Procedure, including, but not limited to, picketing and hand
(p) The Judicial Council shall develop forms, instructions, and
rules for the scheduling of hearings and other procedures established
pursuant to this section.
(q) Any intentional disobedience of any emergency protective order
granted under this section is punishable pursuant to Section 166.
Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to prevent punishment
under Section 646.9, in lieu of punishment under this section, if a
violation of Section 646.9 is also pled and proven.
Last modified: February 22, 2013