California Vehicle Code Division 1 - Words and Phrases Defined

  • Section 100.
    Unless the provision or context otherwise requires, these definitions shall govern the construction of this code.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 102.
    Ability to respond in damages means financial responsibility.(Added by renumbering Section 95 by Stats. 1992, Ch. 974, Sec. 2. Effective September 28, 1992.)
  • Section 105.
    An agricultural water-well boring rig is a motor vehicle which is used exclusively in the boring of water-wells on agricultural property.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch.
  • Section 108.
    Airbrakes means a brake system using compressed air either for actuating the service brakes at the wheels of the vehicle or as a source of...
  • Section 109.
    Alcoholic beverage includes any liquid or solid material intended to be ingested by a person which contains ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol,...
  • Section 110.
    Alley is any highway having a roadway not exceeding 25 feet in width which is primarily used for access to the rear or side entrances...
  • Section 111.
    (a) All-terrain vehicle means a motor vehicle subject to subdivision (a) of Section 38010 that is all of the following:(1) Designed for operation off of...
  • Section 111.3.
    An all-terrain vehicle safety instructor is a person who is sponsored by an all-terrain vehicle safety training organization, who has completed a course in all-terrain...
  • Section 111.5.
    An all-terrain vehicle safety training organization is any organization which is approved to offer a program of instruction in all-terrain vehicle safety, including all-terrain vehicle...
  • Section 112.
    Amber has the same meaning as yellow, and is within the chromaticity coordinate boundaries for yellow specified in regulations adopted by the Department of the...
  • Section 115.
    An armored car is a vehicle that is equipped with materials on either the front, sides, or rear for the protection of persons therein from...
  • Section 165.
    An authorized emergency vehicle is:(a) Any publicly owned and operated ambulance, lifeguard, or lifesaving equipment or any privately owned or operated ambulance licensed by the...
  • Section 165.5.
    No act or omission of any rescue team operating in conjunction with an authorized emergency vehicle as defined in Section 165, while attempting to resuscitate...
  • Section 166.
    An autobroker or auto buying service is a dealer, as defined in Section 285, who engages in the business of brokering, as defined in Section...
  • Section 175.
    An autoette is a motor vehicle, located on a natural island with an area in excess of 20,000 acres and that is within a county...
  • Section 210.
    An automated enforcement system is any system operated by a governmental agency, in cooperation with a law enforcement agency, that photographically records a driver s...
  • Section 220.
    An automobile dismantler is any person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 221 who:(a) Is engaged in the business of buying, selling, or dealing in...
  • Section 221.
    (a) The term automobile dismantler does not include any of the following:(1) The owner or operator of any premises on which two or more unregistered...
  • Section 223.
    Any reference in this code to automobile driver training shall be deemed to refer to the laboratory phase of driver education described by Section 51852...
  • Section 225.
    An auxiliary dolly is a vehicle, not designed for carrying persons or property on its own structure, which is so constructed and used in conjunction...
  • Section 230.
    An axle is a structure or portion of a structure consisting of one or more shafts, spindles, or bearings in the same vertical transverse plane...
  • Section 230.5.
    A B-train assembly is a rigid frame extension attached to the rear frame of a semitrailer which allows for a fifth wheel connection point for...
  • Section 231.
    A bicycle is a device upon which any person may ride, propelled exclusively by human power through a belt, chain, or gears, and having one...
  • Section 231.5.
    A bicycle path or bike path is a Class I bikeway, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 890.4 of the Streets and Highways Code.(Added...
  • Section 231.6.
    (a) A bicycle path crossing is either of the following:(1) That portion of a roadway included within the prolongation or connection of the boundary lines...
  • Section 232.
    The board is the New Motor Vehicle Board.(Added by Stats. 1973, Ch. 996.)
  • Section 232.5.
    Brokering is an arrangement under which a dealer, for a fee or other consideration, regardless of the form or time of payment, provides or offers...
  • Section 233.
    (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), a bus is any vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 15...
  • Section 234.
    A business includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise.(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1563, Sec. 1.)
  • Section 235.
    A business district is that portion of a highway and the property contiguous thereto (a) upon one side of which highway, for a distance of...
  • Section 236.
    A business representative means a proprietor, a limited or general partner, a managerial employee, a stockholder, a director, or an officer who is active in...
  • Section 240.
    In determining whether a highway is within a business or residence district, the following limitations shall apply and shall qualify the definitions in Sections 235...
  • Section 241.
    A buy-here-pay-here dealer is a dealer, as defined in Section 285, who is not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 241.1, and who does all of...
  • Section 241.1.
    The term buy-here-pay-here dealer does not include any of the following:(a) A lessor who primarily leases vehicles that are two model years old or newer.(b)...
  • Section 242.
    A camp trailer is a vehicle designed to be used on a highway, capable of human habitation for camping or recreational purposes, that does not...
  • Section 243.
    A camper is a structure designed to be mounted upon a motor vehicle and to provide facilities for human habitation or camping purposes. A camper...
  • Section 245.
    A carry-all is that type of earth-moving equipment which is not self-propelled but which is designed for use behind tractors or other motive power and...
  • Section 246.
    A certificate of compliance for the purposes of this code is an electronic or printed document issued by a state agency, board, or commission, or...
  • Section 250.
    A chop shop is any building, lot, or other premises where any person has been engaged in altering, destroying, disassembling, dismantling, reassembling, or storing any...
  • Section 255.
    City includes every city and city and county within this State.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 257.
    A clean fuel vehicle means any passenger or commercial vehicle or pickup truck that is fueled by alternative fuels, as defined in Section 301 of...
  • Section 259.
    Collector motor vehicle means a motor vehicle owned by a collector, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 5051, and the motor vehicle is used...
  • Section 260.
    (a) A commercial vehicle is a motor vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code used or maintained for the transportation of...
  • Section 265.
    The commissioner is the Commissioner of the California Highway Patrol.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 266.
    A consignment is an arrangement under which a dealer agrees to accept possession of a vehicle of a type required to be registered under this...
  • Section 267.
    A converter is a person, other than a vehicle manufacturer, who, prior to the retail sale of a new vehicle, does any of the following...
  • Section 270.
    County includes every county and city and county within this State.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 273.
    A crib sheet or cribbing device is any paper or device designed for cheating by supplying examination answers without questions to an applicant for the...
  • Section 275.
    Crosswalk is either:(a) That portion of a roadway included within the prolongation or connection of the boundary lines of sidewalks at intersections where the intersecting...
  • Section 280.
    Darkness is any time from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and any other time when visibility is not sufficient to render...
  • Section 285.
    Dealer is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:(a) For commission, money, or other thing of value, sells, exchanges, buys, or offers...
  • Section 286.
    The term dealer does not include any of the following:(a) Insurance companies, banks, finance companies, public officials, or any other person coming into possession of...
  • Section 288.
    Declared combined gross weight equals the total unladen weight of the combination of vehicles plus the heaviest load that will be transported by that combination...
  • Section 289.
    Declared gross vehicle weight means weight that equals the total unladen weight of the vehicle plus the heaviest load that will be transported on the...
  • Section 290.
    Department means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing...
  • Section 291.
    Any reference in this code to the Department of Public Works shall be deemed to refer to the Department of Transportation, which is part of...
  • Section 295.
    The director is the Director of Motor Vehicles.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 295.5.
    A disabled person is any of the following:(a) Any person who has lost, or has lost the use of, one or more lower extremities or...
  • Section 295.7.
    A disabled veteran is any person who, as a result of injury or disease suffered while on active service with the armed forces of the...
  • Section 296.
    A distributor is any person other than a manufacturer who sells or distributes new vehicles subject to registration under this code, new trailers subject to...
  • Section 297.
    A distributor branch is an office maintained by a distributor for the sale of new vehicles or new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section...
  • Section 300.
    A drawbar is a rigid structure forming a connection between a trailer and a towing vehicle, securely attached to both vehicles by nonrigid means and...
  • Section 303.
    A driveaway-towaway operation is any operation in which any motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles coupled together constitutes the commodity being transported, when one...
  • Section 305.
    A driver is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. The term driver does not include the tillerman or...
  • Section 310.
    A driver s license is a valid license to drive the type of motor vehicle or combination of vehicles for which a person is licensed...
  • Section 310.4.
    A driving instructor is, except as provided in Section 11105.5, an employee of a driving school licensed by the department to instruct others in the...
  • Section 310.6.
    A driving school is a business which, for compensation, conducts or offers to conduct instruction in the operation of motor vehicles. As used in this...
  • Section 310.8.
    A driving school operator is either a driving school owner who operates his own driving school or an employee of a driving school who is...
  • Section 311.
    A driving school owner is any person licensed by the department to engage in the business of giving instruction for compensation in the driving of...
  • Section 312.
    The term drug means any substance or combination of substances, other than alcohol, which could so affect the nervous system, brain, or muscles of a...
  • Section 312.5.
    (a) An electric bicycle is a bicycle equipped with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts.(1) A class 1 electric...
  • Section 313.
    The term electric personal assistive mobility device or EPAMD means a self-balancing, nontandem two-wheeled device, that is not greater than 20 inches deep and 25...
  • Section 313.5.
    An electrically motorized board is any wheeled device that has a floorboard designed to be stood upon when riding that is not greater than 60...
  • Section 314.
    An expressway is a portion of highway that is part of either of the following:(a) An expressway system established by a county under Section 941.4...
  • Section 315.
    Essential parts are all integral and body parts of a vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code, the removal, alteration, or...
  • Section 320.
    Established place of business is a place actually occupied either continuously or at regular periods by any of the following:(a) A dealer, remanufacturer, remanufacturer branch,...
  • Section 320.5.
    An extralegal load is a single unit or an assembled item which, due to its design, cannot be reasonably reduced or dismantled in size or...
  • Section 321.
    Factory-built housing is a structure as defined in Section 19971 of the Health and Safety Code. As used in this code, factory-built housing is a...
  • Section 322.
    (a) A farm labor vehicle is any motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of nine or more farmworkers, in addition to the...
  • Section 324.
    A fifth-wheel travel trailer is a vehicle designed for recreational purposes to carry persons or property on its own structure and so constructed as to...
  • Section 324.5.
    A former prisoner of war is any person who, while serving as a member of the United States Armed Forces, as a member of the...
  • Section 325.
    A foreign jurisdiction is any other state, the District of Columbia, territories or possessions of the United States, and foreign states, provinces, or countries.(Enacted by...
  • Section 330.
    A foreign vehicle is a vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code brought into this State from a foreign jurisdiction other...
  • Section 331.
    (a) A franchise is a written agreement between two or more persons having all of the following conditions:(1) A commercial relationship of definite duration or...
  • Section 331.1.
    A franchisee is any person who, pursuant to a franchise, receives new motor vehicles subject to registration under this code, new off-highway motorcycles, as defined...
  • Section 331.2.
    A franchisor is any person who manufactures, assembles, or distributes new motor vehicles subject to registration under this code, new off-highway motorcycles, as defined in...
  • Section 331.3.
    A recreational vehicle franchise is a written agreement between two or more persons having both of the following conditions:(a) A commercial relationship of definite duration...
  • Section 332.
    Freeway is a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting...
  • Section 335.
    A gantry truck is a motor vehicle so designed and constructed that it straddles the load to be transported and by means of appropriate mechanism...
  • Section 336.
    General public paratransit vehicle means any motor vehicle designed for carrying no more than 24 persons and the driver, that provides local transportation to the...
  • Section 340.
    A garage is a building or other place wherein the business of storing or safekeeping vehicles of a type required to be registered under this...
  • Section 345.
    A golf cart is a motor vehicle having not less than three wheels in contact with the ground, having an unladen weight less than 1,300...
  • Section 350.
    (a) Gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) means the weight specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle.(b) Gross combination weight rating...
  • Section 353.
    Hazardous material is any substance, material, or device posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property during transportation, as defined by regulations adopted pursuant...
  • Section 360.
    Highway is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. Highway...
  • Section 362.
    A house car is a motor vehicle originally designed, or permanently altered, and equipped for human habitation, or to which a camper has been permanently...
  • Section 365.
    An intersection is the area embraced within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways,...
  • Section 370.
    A legal owner is a person holding a security interest in a vehicle which is subject to the provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, or...
  • Section 371.
    Lessee includes bailee and is a person who leases, offers to lease, or is offered the lease of a motor vehicle for a term exceeding...
  • Section 372.
    A lessor is a person who, for a term exceeding four months, leases or offers for lease, negotiates or attempts to negotiate a lease, or...
  • Section 373.
    A lessor-retailer is a lessor or renter who, except under the circumstances described in subdivision (a) of Section 286, makes a retail sale or sales...
  • Section 375.
    Lighting equipment is any of the following lamps or devices:(a) A headlamp, auxiliary driving, passing, or fog lamp, fog taillamp, taillamp, stoplamp, supplemental stoplamp, license...
  • Section 377.
    A limit line is a solid white line not less than 12 nor more than 24 inches wide, extending across a roadway or any portion...
  • Section 378.
    (a) Limousine means any sedan or sport utility vehicle, of either standard or extended length, with a seating capacity of not more than 10 passengers...
  • Section 380.
    Liquefied petroleum gas means normal butane, isobutane, propane, or butylene (including isomers) or mixtures composed predominantly thereof in liquid or gaseous state having a vapor...
  • Section 385.
    Local authorities means the legislative body of every county or municipality having authority to adopt local police regulations.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 385.2.
    A logging dolly is a vehicle designed for carrying logs, having one or more axles that, if there are more than one, are not more...
  • Section 385.3.
    A logging vehicle is a vehicle used exclusively in the conduct of logging operations and not designed for the transportation of persons or property on...
  • Section 385.5.
    (a) A low-speed vehicle is a motor vehicle that meets all of the following requirements:(1) Has four wheels.(2) Can attain a speed, in one mile,...
  • Section 386.
    A managerial employee is a person who exercises control over a business licensed under this code, whether compensated by salary or commission, including, but not...
  • Section 387.
    Manufactured home is a manufactured home, as defined in Section 18007 of the Health and Safety Code, a commercial coach, as defined in Section 18001....
  • Section 389.
    A manufacturer branch is an office maintained by a manufacturer for the sale of new vehicles to dealers or for directing or supervising in whole...
  • Section 395.
    A metal tire is a tire the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient...
  • Section 395.5.
    A mobile billboard advertising display means an advertising display that is attached to a mobile, nonmotorized vehicle, device, or bicycle, that carries, pulls, or transports...
  • Section 396.
    Mobilehome is a structure as defined in Section 18008 of the Health and Safety Code. For the purposes of enforcement of highway safety laws and...
  • Section 400.
    (a) A motorcycle is a motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, designed to travel on not more than...
  • Section 405.
    A motor-driven cycle is any motorcycle with a motor that displaces less than 150 cubic centimeters. A motor-driven cycle does not include a motorized bicycle,...
  • Section 406.
    (a) A motorized bicycle or moped is a two-wheeled or three-wheeled device having fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power, or having no pedals...
  • Section 407.
    A motorized quadricycle is a four-wheeled device, and a motorized tricycle is a three-wheeled device, designed to carry not more than two persons, including the...
  • Section 407.5.
    (a) A motorized scooter is any two-wheeled device that has handlebars, has a floorboard that is designed to be stood upon when riding, and is...
  • Section 408.
    Motor carrier is the registered owner, lessee, licensee, or bailee of any vehicle set forth in Section 34500, who operates or directs the operation of...
  • Section 410.
    A motor truck or motortruck is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.(Amended by Stats. 1993, Ch. 272, Sec....
  • Section 415.
    (a) A motor vehicle is a vehicle that is self-propelled.(b) Motor vehicle does not include a self-propelled wheelchair, motorized tricycle, or motorized quadricycle, if operated...
  • Section 425.
    A muffler is a device consisting of a series of chambers or baffle plates, or other mechanical design, for the purpose of receiving exhaust gas...
  • Section 426.
    New motor vehicle dealer is a dealer, as defined in Section 285, who, in addition to the requirements of that section, either acquires for resale...
  • Section 430.
    A new vehicle is a vehicle constructed entirely from new parts that has never been the subject of a retail sale, or registered with the...
  • Section 431.
    A nonrepairable vehicle is a vehicle of a type otherwise subject to registration that meets the criteria specified in subdivision (a), (b), or (c). The...
  • Section 432.
    A nonrepairable vehicle certificate is a vehicle ownership document issued to the owner of a nonrepairable vehicle. Ownership of the vehicle may only be transferred...
  • Section 435.
    Nonresident is a person who is not a resident of this State.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 435.5.
    Nonresident daily commuter means a person who is not a resident of this state, but who enters and leaves this state on a daily basis...
  • Section 436.
    An off-highway motorcycle means a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle which is subject to identification under this code.(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 1584, Sec. 5.)
  • Section 440.
    An official traffic control device is any sign, signal, marking, or device, consistent with Section 21400, placed or erected by authority of a public body...
  • Section 445.
    An official traffic control signal is any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and proceed and...
  • Section 450.
    An oil well production service unit is any vehicle specifically designed for and used exclusively in servicing oil wells which is only incidentally operated or...
  • Section 455.
    Original driver s license means the first driver s license issued a person under this code.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 460.
    An owner is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents,...
  • Section 461.
    The Senate, Assembly, or any committees thereof, or the Governor s office in possession and using vehicles under a lease, lease-sale, or rental-purchase agreement for...
  • Section 462.
    A paratransit vehicle is a passenger vehicle, other than a bus, schoolbus, school pupil activity bus, youth bus, general public paratransit vehicle, or taxicab that...
  • Section 463.
    Park or parking shall mean the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged...
  • Section 464.
    A passenger transportation vehicle is any vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 10 persons including the driver, which...
  • Section 465.
    A passenger vehicle is any motor vehicle, other than a motortruck, truck tractor, or a bus, as defined in Section 233, and used or maintained...
  • Section 467.
    (a) A pedestrian is a person who is afoot or who is using any of the following:(1) A means of conveyance propelled by human power...
  • Section 467.5.
    Pedicab means any of the following:(a) A bicycle that has three or more wheels, that transports, or is capable of transporting, passengers on seats attached...
  • Section 468.
    The department shall commence the permanent trailer identification plate program, on or after December 31, 2001, and may designate the method, consistent with this code,...
  • Section 470.
    Person includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation.(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1010, Sec. 225. Effective January 1, 1995.)
  • Section 471.
    A pickup truck is a motor truck with a manufacturer s gross vehicle weight rating of less than 11,500 pounds, an unladen weight of less...
  • Section 472.
    A pilot car is a motor vehicle, except a motorcycle, motorized bicycle, or motorized quadricycle, which is used to escort one or more other vehicles,...
  • Section 473.
    (a) A pocket bike is a two-wheeled motorized device that has a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, and that is not...
  • Section 475.
    A pole or pipe dolly is a vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, having one or more axles which axles, if there be more than...
  • Section 480.
    A power brake is any breaking gear or mechanism that aids in applying the brakes of a vehicle and which utilizes vacuum, compressed air, electricity,...
  • Section 485.
    A pneumatic tire is a tire inflated or capable of inflation with compressed air.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 490.
    Private road or driveway is a way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or...
  • Section 492.
    A private school is any school, whether conducted for profit or not, giving a course of training similar to that given in a public school...
  • Section 500.
    Recreational off-highway vehicle means a motor vehicle meeting all of the following criteria:(a) Designed by the manufacturer for operation primarily off of the highway.(b) Has...
  • Section 505.
    A registered owner is a person registered by the department as the owner of a vehicle.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 505.2.
    (a) A registration service is a person engaged in the business of soliciting or receiving an application for the registration, renewal of registration, or transfer...
  • Section 506.
    Registration year is the period of time beginning with the date the vehicle is first required to be registered in this state and ending on...
  • Section 507.
    The relevant market area is any area within a radius of 10 miles from the site of a potential new dealership.(Added by Stats. 1973, Ch.
  • Section 507.5.
    A remanufactured vehicle is a vehicle that has been constructed by a licensed remanufacturer and consists of any used or reconditioned integral parts, including, but...
  • Section 507.8.
    A remanufacturer is any person who for commission, money, or other thing of value, produces a vehicle that consists of any used or reconditioned integral...
  • Section 508.
    A renter is a person who is engaged in the business of renting, leasing or bailing vehicles for a term not exceeding four months and...
  • Section 510.
    A repair shop is a place where vehicles subject to registration under this code are repaired, rebuilt, reconditioned, repainted, or in any way maintained for...
  • Section 512.
    A representative is any person regularly employed by a manufacturer or distributor for the purpose of negotiating or promoting the sale of the manufacturer s...
  • Section 515.
    A residence district is that portion of a highway and the property contiguous thereto, other than a business district, (a) upon one side of which...
  • Section 516.
    Resident means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a temporary or transient basis. Presence...
  • Section 520.
    A retail sale is a sale of goods to a person for the purpose of consumption and use, and not for resale to others, including,...
  • Section 521.
    A retarder is a device, other than a brake, which, when activated by the driver, applies a retarding force to the wheels of a vehicle...
  • Section 521.5.
    Revived salvage vehicle means a total loss salvage vehicle as defined in Section 544, or a vehicle reported for dismantling pursuant to Section 5500 or...
  • Section 522.
    Ridesharing means two or more persons traveling by any mode, including, but not limited to, carpooling, vanpooling, buspooling, taxipooling, jitney, and public transit.(Added by Stats....
  • Section 525.
    Right-of-way is the privilege of the immediate use of the highway.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 527.
    (a) Road means any existing vehicle route established before January 1, 1979, with significant evidence of prior regular travel by vehicles subject to registration pursuant...
  • Section 530.
    A roadway is that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.(Enacted by Stats. 1959, Ch. 3.)
  • Section 531.
    Utility-terrain vehicle means a motor vehicle subject to subdivision (a) of Section 38010 that is all of the following:(a) Designed for operation off of the...
  • Section 535.
    Safety glazing material is any glazing material so constructed, treated, or combined with other materials as to reduce, in comparison with ordinary sheet, plate, or...
  • Section 540.
    A safety zone is the area or space lawfully set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected, or...
  • Section 543.
    Salvage pool means a person engaged exclusively in the business of disposing of total loss salvage vehicles, nonrepairable vehicles, or recovered stolen vehicles sent to...
  • Section 543.5.
    Salvage vehicle rebuilder means any person who rebuilds a total loss salvage vehicle, as defined in Section 544, or a vehicle reported for dismantling pursuant...
  • Section 544.
    Total loss salvage vehicle means either of the following:(a) A vehicle, other than a nonrepairable vehicle, of a type subject to registration that has been...
  • Section 545.
    A schoolbus is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of any school pupil at or below the 12th-grade level to or...
  • Section 545.1.
    (a) Notwithstanding Section 545, a motor vehicle is not a schoolbus if it is operated for the purpose of transporting any pupil to or from...
  • Section 545.5.
    (a) Notwithstanding Section 545, a bus of the type commonly known as a coach bus is not a schoolbus when it is operated by the...
  • Section 546.
    A school pupil activity bus is any motor vehicle, other than a schoolbus, operated by a common carrier, or by and under the exclusive jurisdiction...
  • Section 550.
    A semitrailer is a vehicle designed for carrying persons or property, used in conjunction with a motor vehicle, and so constructed that some part of...
  • Section 553.
    Shade trailer means a device designed and utilized to provide shade pursuant to Section 3395 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations.(Added by...
  • Section 555.
    Sidewalk is that portion of a highway, other than the roadway, set apart by curbs, barriers, markings or other delineation for pedestrian travel.(Amended by Stats....
  • Section 557.
    A snowmobile is a motor vehicle designed to travel over ice or snow in whole or in part on skis, belts, or cleats, which is...
  • Section 558.
    A snow-tread tire is a tire which has a relatively deep and aggressive tread pattern compared with conventional passenger tread pattern.(Added by Stats. 1961, Ch.
  • Section 560.
    A solid tire is a tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load.(Enacted...
  • Section 565.
    Special construction equipment is:(a) Any vehicle used primarily off the highways for construction purposes and which moves only occasionally over the highways and which because...
  • Section 570.
    Special construction equipment does not include any of the following:(a) A vehicle originally designed for the transportation of persons or property to which machinery has...
  • Section 575.
    Special mobile equipment is a vehicle, not self-propelled, not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property, and only incidentally operated or...
  • Section 580.
    A specially constructed vehicle is a vehicle which is built for private use, not for resale, and is not constructed by a licensed manufacturer or...
  • Section 585.
    A station wagon is a dual purpose vehicle designed for the transportation of persons and also designed in such a manner that the seats may...
  • Section 587.
    Stop or stopping when prohibited shall mean any cessation of movement of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with...
  • Section 590.
    Street is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. Street...
  • Section 591.
    A street or highway shall not include those portions of a way or place in or upon which construction, alteration, or repair work is being...
  • Section 592.
    Highway , for the purposes of Division 3 (commencing with Section 4000), Division 12 (commencing with Section 24000), Division 13 (commencing with Section 29000), Division...
  • Section 593.
    Supplemental restraint system means an automatic passive restraint system consisting of a bag that is designed to inflate upon collision, commonly referred to as an...
  • Section 595.
    Terminal is a place where a vehicle of a type listed in Section 34500 is regularly garaged or maintained, or from which the vehicle is...
  • Section 600.
    A through highway is a highway or portion thereof at the entrance to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is regulated by stop signs or...
  • Section 605.
    Tire traction devices are devices or mechanisms having a composition and design capable of improving vehicle traction, braking, and cornering ability upon snow or ice-covered...
  • Section 610.
    Tire tread is that portion of the tire, consisting of the ribs and grooves, which comes in contact with the roadway.(Added by Stats. 1970, Ch.
  • Section 611.
    A toll highway or toll road is a publicly owned way or place open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel...
  • Section 612.
    Tour bus means a bus, which is operated by or for a charter-party carrier of passengers, as defined in Section 5360 of the Public Utilities...
  • Section 615.
    (a) A tow truck is a motor vehicle which has been altered or designed and equipped for, and primarily used in the business of, transporting...
  • Section 617.
    A tow dolly is a vehicle towed by a motor vehicle and designed and used exclusively to transport another motor vehicle and upon which the...
  • Section 620.
    The term traffic includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel.(Enacted...
  • Section 625.
    A traffic officer is any member of the California Highway Patrol, or any peace officer who is on duty for the exclusive or main purpose...
  • Section 626.
    A traffic violator school is a business that, for compensation, provides, or offers to provide, instruction in traffic safety, including, but not limited to, classroom...
  • Section 626.2.
    A traffic violator school branch or classroom location is any place where a traffic violator school conducts instruction or maintains records.(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch....
  • Section 626.4.
    A traffic violator school instructor is any person who provides instruction to traffic violators on behalf of a traffic violator school.(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch....
  • Section 626.6.
    A traffic violator school operator is the person who directs and manages the operations of a traffic violator school.A traffic violator school operator may be...
  • Section 626.8.
    A traffic violator school owner is any natural person, association, or corporation that owns a traffic violator school.(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 396, Sec. 5....
  • Section 627.
    (a) Engineering and traffic survey, as used in this code, means a survey of highway and traffic conditions in accordance with methods determined by the...
  • Section 630.
    A trailer is a vehicle designed for carrying persons or property on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so...
  • Section 635.
    A trailer coach is a vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, designed for human habitation or human occupancy for industrial, professional, or commercial purposes, for...
  • Section 636.
    A trailer bus is a trailer or semitrailer designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of more than 15 persons, including the driver, and includes...
  • Section 640.
    A transferee is a person who has acquired the sole ownership of or an equity in a vehicle of a type required to be registered...
  • Section 642.
    A transit bus is any bus owned or operated by a publicly owned or operated transit system, or operated under contract with a publicly owned...
  • Section 645.
    (a) A transporter is a person engaged in the business of moving any owned or lawfully possessed vehicle by lawful methods over the highways for...
  • Section 650.
    A trolley coach is a vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.(Enacted by Stats. 1959,...
  • Section 655.
    (a) A truck tractor is a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load,...
  • Section 657.
    A truss is an assemblage of beams, bars, or rods typically arranged in a triangle or combination of triangles to form a rigid framework and...
  • Section 660.
    The unladen weight of a vehicle is the weight equipped and ready for operation on the road including the body, fenders, oil in motor, radiator...
  • Section 661.
    Unladen weight shall not include the following machinery, equipment or attachment which is attendant to the efficient operation of the body or vehicle:(a) Equipment used...
  • Section 665.
    A used vehicle is a vehicle that has been sold, or has been registered with the department, or has been sold and operated upon the...
  • Section 665.5.
    A U-turn is the turning of a vehicle upon a highway so as to proceed in the opposite direction whether accomplished by one continuous movement...
  • Section 667.
    (a) A utility trailer is a trailer or semitrailer used solely for the transportation of the user s personal property, not in commerce, which does...
  • Section 668.
    A vanpool vehicle is any motor vehicle, other than a motortruck or truck tractor, designed for carrying more than 10 but not more than 15...
  • Section 670.
    A vehicle is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively...
  • Section 670.5.
    A vehicle frame is defined as the main longitudinal structural members of the chassis of the vehicle, or for vehicles with unitized body construction, the...
  • Section 671.
    (a) A vehicle identification number is the motor number, serial number, or other distinguishing number, letter, mark, character, or datum, or any combination thereof, required...
  • Section 672.
    (a) Vehicle manufacturer is any person who produces from raw materials or new basic components a vehicle of a type subject to registration under this...
  • Section 675.
    (a) Vehicle salesperson is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by this section, who does one or a combination of the following:(1) Is employed as...
  • Section 675.5.
    A vehicle verifier is a person not expressly excluded by Section 675.6 who inspects, records, documents, and submits to the department, or its authorized representative,...
  • Section 675.6.
    (a) Vehicle verifier does not include any of the following:(1) A peace officer.(2) An authorized employee of the department.(3) A special agent of the National...
  • Section 676.
    Year-round registration is a system whereby the director designates a date for the expiration of registration of a vehicle and renewal thereof in order to...
  • Section 676.5.
    A water tender vehicle is a vehicle designed to carry not less than 1,500 gallons of water and used primarily for transporting and delivering water...
  • Section 680.
    (a) A youth bus is any bus, other than a schoolbus, designed for and when actually carrying not more than 16 persons and the driver,...

Last modified: September 9, 2016