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28 USC - Judiciary and Judicial Procedure

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Title 28 - Judiciary and Judicial Procedure

Part I - Organization of Courts
Chapter 1 - Supreme Court
§ 1 Number of justices; quorum
§ 2 Terms of court
§ 3 Vacancy in office of Chief Justice; disability
§ 4 Precedence of associate justices
§ 5 Salaries of justices
§ 6 Records of former court of appeals
Chapter 3 - Courts of Appeals
§ 41 Number and composition of circuits
§ 42 Allotment of Supreme Court justices to circuits
§ 43 Creation and composition of courts
§ 44 Appointment, tenure, residence and salary of circuit judges
§ 45 Chief judges; precedence of judges
§ 46 Assignment of judges; panels; hearings; quorum
§ 47 Disqualification of trial judge to hear appeal
§ 48 Terms of court
§ 49 Assignment of judges to division to appoint independent counsels
Chapter 5 - District Courts
§ 81 Alabama
§ 81A Alaska
§ 82 Arizona
§ 83 Arkansas
§ 84 California
§ 85 Colorado
§ 86 Connecticut
§ 87 Delaware
§ 88 District of Columbia
§ 89 Florida
§ 90 Georgia
§ 91 Hawaii
§ 92 Idaho
§ 93 Illinois
§ 94 Indiana
§ 95 Iowa
§ 96 Kansas
§ 97 Kentucky
§ 98 Louisiana
§ 99 Maine
§ 100 Maryland
§ 101 Massachusetts
§ 102 Michigan
§ 103 Minnesota
§ 104 Mississippi
§ 105 Missouri
§ 106 Montana
§ 107 Nebraska
§ 108 Nevada
§ 109 New Hampshire
§ 110 New Jersey
§ 111 New Mexico
§ 112 New York
§ 113 North Carolina
§ 114 North Dakota
§ 115 Ohio
§ 116 Oklahoma
§ 117 Oregon
§ 118 Pennsylvania
§ 119 Puerto Rico
§ 120 Rhode Island
§ 121 South Carolina
§ 122 South Dakota
§ 123 Tennessee
§ 124 Texas
§ 125 Utah
§ 126 Vermont
§ 127 Virginia
§ 128 Washington
§ 129 West Virginia
§ 130 Wisconsin
§ 131 Wyoming
§ 132 Creation and composition of district courts
§ 133 Appointment and number of district judges
§ 134 Tenure and residence of district judges
§ 135 Salaries of district judges
§ 136 Chief judges; precedence of district judges
§ 137 Division of business among district judges
§ 138 Terms abolished
§ 139 Times for holding regular sessions
§ 140 Adjournment
§ 141 Special sessions; places; notice
§ 143 Vacant judgeship as affecting proceedings
§ 144 Bias or prejudice of judge
Chapter 6 - Bankruptcy Judges
§ 151 Designation of bankruptcy courts
§ 152 Appointment of bankruptcy judges
§ 153 Salaries; character of service
§ 154 Division of businesses; chief judge
§ 155 Temporary transfer of bankruptcy judges
§ 156 Staff; expenses
§ 157 Procedures
§ 158 Appeals
§ 159 Bankruptcy statistics
Chapter 7 - United States Court of Federal Claims
§ 171 Appointment and number of judges; character of court; designation of chief judge
§ 172 Tenure and salaries of judges
§ 173 Times and places of holding court
§ 174 Assignment of judges; decisions
§ 175 Official duty station; residence
§ 176 Removal from office
§ 177 Disbarment of removed judges
§ 178 Retirement of judges of the Court of Federal Claims
§ 179 Personnel application and insurance programs
Chapter 11 - Court of International Trade
§ 251 Appointment and number of judges; offices
§ 252 Tenure and salaries of judges
§ 253 Duties of chief judge
§ 254 Single-judge trials
§ 255 Three-judge trials
§ 256 Trials at ports other than New York
§ 257 Publication of decisions
§ 258 Chief judges; precedence of judges
Chapter 13 - Assignment of Judges to Other Courts
§ 291 Circuit judges
§ 292 District judges
§ 293 Judges of the Court of International Trade
§ 294 Assignment of retired Justices or judges to active duty
§ 295 Conditions upon designation and assignment
§ 296 Powers upon designation and assignment
§ 297 Assignment of judges to courts of the freely associated compact states
Chapter 15 - Conferences and Councils of Judges
§ 331 Judicial Conference of the United States
§ 332 Judicial councils of circuits
§ 333 Judicial conferences of circuits
§ 334 Institutes and joint councils on sentencing
§ 335 Judicial Conference of the Court of International Trade
Chapter 16 - Complaints Against Judges and Judicial Discipline
§ 351 Complaints; judge defined
§ 352 Review of complaint by chief judge
§ 353 Special committees
§ 354 Action by judicial council
§ 355 Action by Judicial Conference
§ 356 Subpoena power
§ 357 Review of orders and actions
§ 358 Rules
§ 359 Restrictions
§ 360 Disclosure of information
§ 361 Reimbursement of expenses
§ 362 Other provisions and rules not affected
§ 363 Court of Federal Claims, Court of International Trade, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
§ 364 Effect of felony conviction
Chapter 17 - Resignation and Retirement of Justices and Judges
§ 371 Retirement on salary; retirement in senior status
§ 372 Retirement for disability; substitute judge on failure to retire
§ 373 Judges in territories and possessions
§ 374 Residence of retired judges; official station
§ 375 Recall of certain judges and magistrate judges
§ 376 Annuities for survivors of certain judicial officials of the United States
§ 377 Retirement of bankruptcy judges and magistrate judges
Chapter 19 - Distribution of Reports and Digests
§ 411 Supreme Court reports; printing, binding, and distribution
§ 412 Sale of Supreme Court reports
§ 413 Publications; distribution to courts
§ 414 Transmittal of books to successors
Chapter 21 - General Provisions Applicable to Courts and Judges
§ 451 Definitions
§ 452 Courts always open; powers unrestricted by expiration of sessions
§ 453 Oaths of justices and judges
§ 454 Practice of law by justices and judges
§ 455 Disqualification of justice, judge, or magistrate judge
§ 456 Traveling expenses of justices and judges; official duty stations
§ 457 Records; obsolete papers
§ 458 Relative of justice or judge ineligible to appointment
§ 459 Administration of oaths and acknowledgments
§ 460 Application to other courts
§ 461 Adjustments in certain salaries
§ 462 Court accommodations
§ 463 Expenses of litigation
Chapter 23 - Civil Justice Expense and Delay Reduction Plans
§ 471 Requirement for a district court civil justice expense and delay reduction plan
§ 472 Development and implementation of a civil justice expense and delay reduction plan
§ 473 Content of civil justice expense and delay reduction plans
§ 474 Review of district court action
§ 475 Periodic district court assessment
§ 476 Enhancement of judicial information dissemination
§ 477 Model civil justice expense and delay reduction plan
§ 478 Advisory groups
§ 479 Information on litigation management and cost and delay reduction
§ 480 Training programs
§ 481 Automated case information
§ 482 Definitions
Part II - Department of Justice
Chapter 31 - The Attorney General
§ 501 Executive department
§ 502 Seal
§ 503 Attorney General
§ 504 Deputy Attorney General
§ 504a Associate Attorney General
§ 505 Solicitor General
§ 506 Assistant Attorneys General
§ 507 Assistant Attorney General for Administration
§ 507A Assistant Attorney General for National Security
§ 508 Vacancies
§ 509 Functions of the Attorney General
§ 509A National Security Division
§ 509B Section to enforce human rights laws
§ 510 Delegation of authority
§ 511 Attorney General to advise the President
§ 512 Attorney General to advise heads of executive departments
§ 513 Attorney General to advise Secretaries of military departments
§ 514 Legal services on pending claims in departments and agencies
§ 515 Authority for legal proceedings; commission, oath, and salary for special attorneys
§ 516 Conduct of litigation reserved to Department of Justice
§ 517 Interests of United States in pending suits
§ 518 Conduct and argument of cases
§ 519 Supervision of litigation
§ 520 Transmission of petitions in United States Court of Federal Claims or in United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit; statement furnished by departments
§ 521 Publication and distribution of opinions
§ 522 Report of business and statistics
§ 523 Requisitions
§ 524 Availability of appropriations
§ 525 Procurement of law books, reference books, and periodicals; sale and exchange
§ 526 Authority of Attorney General to investigate United States attorneys, marshals, trustees, clerks of court, and others
§ 527 Establishment of working capital fund
§ 528 Disqualification of officers and employees of the Department of Justice
§ 529 Annual report of Attorney General
§ 530 Payment of travel and transportation expenses of newly appointed special agents
§ 530A Authorization of appropriations for travel and related expenses and for health care of personnel serving abroad
§ 530B Ethical standards for attorneys for the Government
§ 530C Authority to use available funds
§ 530D Report on enforcement of laws
Chapter 33 - Federal Bureau of Investigation
§ 531 Federal Bureau of Investigation
§ 532 Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
§ 533 Investigative and other officials; appointment
§ 534 Acquisition, preservation, and exchange of identification records and information; appointment of officials
§ 535 Investigation of crimes involving Government officers and employees; limitations
§ 536 Positions in excepted service
§ 537 Expenses of unforeseen emergencies of a confidential character
§ 538 Investigation of aircraft piracy and related violations
§ 539 Counterintelligence official reception and representation expenses
§ 540 Investigation of felonious killings of State or local law enforcement officers
§ 540A Investigation of violent crimes against travelers
§ 540B Investigation of serial killings
§ 540C FBI police
Chapter 35 - United States Attorneys
§ 541 United States attorneys
§ 542 Assistant United States attorneys
§ 543 Special attorneys
§ 544 Oath of office
§ 545 Residence
§ 546 Vacancies
§ 547 Duties
§ 548 Salaries
§ 549 Expenses
§ 550 Clerical assistants, messengers, and private process servers
Chapter 37 - United States Marshals Service
§ 561 United States Marshals Service
§ 562 Vacancies
§ 563 Oath of office
§ 564 Powers as sheriff
§ 565 Expenses of the Service
§ 566 Powers and duties
§ 567 Collection of fees; accounting
§ 568 Practice of law prohibited
§ 569 Reemployment rights
Chapter 39 - United States Trustees
§ 581 United States trustees
§ 582 Assistant United States trustees
§ 583 Oath of office
§ 584 Official stations
§ 585 Vacancies
§ 586 Duties; supervision by Attorney General
§ 587 Salaries
§ 588 Expenses
§ 589 Staff and other employees
§ 589a United States Trustee System Fund
§ 589b Bankruptcy data
Chapter 40 - Independent Counsel
§ 591 Applicability of provisions of this chapter
§ 592 Preliminary investigation and application for appointment of an independent counsel
§ 593 Duties of the division of the court
§ 594 Authority and duties of an independent counsel
§ 595 Congressional oversight
§ 596 Removal of an independent counsel; termination of office
§ 597 Relationship with Department of Justice
§ 598 Severability
§ 599 Termination of effect of chapter
Chapter 40A - Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
§ 599A Bureau of alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and Explosives 1
§ 599B Personnel Management demonstration 1 project 1
Part III - Court Officers and Employees
Chapter 41 - Administrative Office of United States Courts
§ 601 Creation; Director and Deputy Director
§ 602 Employees
§ 603 Salaries
§ 604 Duties of Director generally
§ 605 Budget estimates
§ 606 Duties of Deputy Director
§ 607 Practice of law prohibited
§ 608 Seal
§ 609 Courts’ appointive power unaffected
§ 610 Courts defined
§ 611 Retirement of Director
§ 612 Judiciary Information Technology Fund
§ 613 Disbursing and certifying officers
Chapter 42 - Federal Judicial Center
§ 620 Federal Judicial Center
§ 621 Board; composition, tenure of members, compensation
§ 622 Meetings; conduct of business
§ 623 Duties of the Board
§ 624 Powers of the Board
§ 625 Director and staff
§ 626 Compensation of the Director and Deputy Director
§ 627 Retirement; employee benefits
§ 628 Appropriations and accounting
§ 629 Federal Judicial Center Foundation
Chapter 43 - United States Magistrate Judges
§ 631 Appointment and tenure
§ 632 Character of service
§ 633 Determination of number, locations, and salaries of magistrate judges
§ 634 Compensation
§ 635 Expenses
§ 636 Jurisdiction, powers, and temporary assignment
§ 637 Training
§ 638 Dockets and forms; United States Code; seals
§ 639 Definitions
Chapter 44 - Alternative Dispute Resolution
§ 651 Authorization of alternative dispute resolution
§ 652 Jurisdiction
§ 653 Neutrals
§ 654 Arbitration
§ 655 Arbitrators
§ 656 Subpoenas
§ 657 Arbitration award and judgment
§ 658 Compensation of arbitrators and neutrals
Chapter 45 - Supreme Court
§ 671 Clerk
§ 672 Marshal
§ 673 Reporter
§ 674 Librarian
§ 675 Law clerks and secretaries
§ 676 Printing and binding
§ 677 Counselor to the Chief Justice
Chapter 47 - Courts of Appeals
§ 711 Clerks and employees
§ 712 Law clerks and secretaries
§ 713 Librarians
§ 714 Criers and messengers
§ 715 Staff attorneys and technical assistants
Chapter 49 - District Courts
§ 751 Clerks
§ 752 Law clerks and secretaries
§ 753 Reporters
§ 754 Receivers of property in different districts
§ 755 Criers and bailiffs
§ 756 Power to appoint
Chapter 51 - United States Court of Federal Claims
§ 791 Clerk
§ 794 Law clerks and secretaries
§ 795 Bailiffs and messengers
§ 796 Reporting of court proceedings
§ 797 Recall of retired judges
§ 798 Places of holding court; appointment of special masters
Chapter 55 - Court of International Trade
§ 871 Clerk, chief deputy clerk, assistant clerk, deputies, assistants, and other employees
§ 872 Criers, bailiffs, and messengers
Chapter 57 - General Provisions Applicable to Court Officers and Employees
§ 951 Oath of office of clerks and deputies
§ 953 Administration of oaths and acknowledgments
§ 954 Vacancy in clerk position; absence of clerk
§ 955 Practice of law restricted
§ 956 Powers and duties of clerks and deputies
§ 957 Clerks ineligible for certain offices
§ 958 Persons ineligible as receivers
§ 959 Trustees and receivers suable; management; State laws
§ 960 Tax liability
§ 961 Office expenses of clerks
§ 963 Courts defined
Chapter 58 - United States Sentencing Commission
§ 991 United States Sentencing Commission; establishment and purposes
§ 992 Terms of office; compensation
§ 993 Powers and duties of Chair
§ 994 Duties of the Commission
§ 995 Powers of the Commission
§ 996 Director and staff
§ 997 Annual report
§ 998 Definitions
Part IV - Jurisdiction and Venue
Chapter 81 - Supreme Court
§ 1251 Original jurisdiction
§ 1253 Direct appeals from decisions of three-judge courts
§ 1254 Courts of appeals; certiorari; certified questions
§ 1257 State courts; certiorari
§ 1258 Supreme Court of Puerto Rico; certiorari
§ 1259 Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces; certiorari
Chapter 83 - Courts of Appeals
§ 1291 Final decisions of district courts
§ 1292 Interlocutory decisions
§ 1294 Circuits in which decisions reviewable
§ 1295 Jurisdiction of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
§ 1296 Review of certain agency actions
Chapter 85 - District Courts; Jurisdiction
§ 1330 Actions against foreign states
§ 1331 Federal question
§ 1332 Diversity of citizenship; amount in controversy; costs
§ 1333 Admiralty, maritime and prize cases
§ 1334 Bankruptcy cases and proceedings
§ 1335 Interpleader
§ 1336 Surface Transportation Board’s orders
§ 1337 Commerce and antitrust regulations; amount in controversy, costs
§ 1338 Patents, plant variety protection, copyrights, mask works, designs, trademarks, and unfair competition
§ 1339 Postal matters
§ 1340 Internal revenue; customs duties
§ 1341 Taxes by States
§ 1342 Rate orders of State agencies
§ 1343 Civil rights and elective franchise
§ 1344 Election disputes
§ 1345 United States as plaintiff
§ 1346 United States as defendant
§ 1347 Partition action where United States is joint tenant
§ 1348 Banking association as party
§ 1349 Corporation organized under federal law as party
§ 1350 Alien’s action for tort
§ 1351 Consuls, vice consuls, and members of a diplomatic mission as defendant
§ 1352 Bonds executed under federal law
§ 1353 Indian allotments
§ 1354 Land grants from different states
§ 1355 Fine, penalty or forfeiture
§ 1356 Seizures not within admiralty and maritime jurisdiction
§ 1357 Injuries under Federal laws
§ 1358 Eminent domain
§ 1359 Parties collusively joined or made
§ 1360 State civil jurisdiction in actions to which Indians are parties
§ 1361 Action to compel an officer of the United States to perform his duty
§ 1362 Indian tribes
§ 1363 Jurors’ employment rights
§ 1364 Direct actions against insurers of members of diplomatic missions and their families
§ 1365 Senate actions
§ 1366 Construction of references to laws of the United States or Acts of Congress
§ 1367 Supplemental jurisdiction
§ 1368 Counterclaims in unfair practices in international trade.
§ 1369 Multiparty, multiforum jurisdiction
Chapter 87 - District Courts; Venue
§ 1391 Venue generally
§ 1392 Defendants or property in different districts in same State
§ 1394 Banking association’s action against Comptroller of Currency
§ 1395 Fine, penalty or forfeiture
§ 1396 Internal revenue taxes
§ 1397 Interpleader
§ 1398 Interstate Commerce Commission’s orders
§ 1399 Partition action involving United States
§ 1400 Patents and copyrights, mask works, and designs
§ 1401 Stockholder’s derivative action
§ 1402 United States as defendant
§ 1403 Eminent domain
§ 1404 Change of venue
§ 1405 Creation or alteration of district or division
§ 1406 Cure or waiver of defects
§ 1407 Multidistrict litigation
§ 1408 Venue of cases under title 11
§ 1409 Venue of proceedings arising under title 11 or arising in or related to cases under title 11
§ 1410 Venue of cases ancillary to foreign proceedings
§ 1411 Jury trials
§ 1412 Change of venue
§ 1413 Venue of cases under chapter 5 of title 3
Chapter 89 - District Courts; Removal of Cases From State Courts
§ 1441 Actions removable generally
§ 1442 Federal officers or agencies sued or prosecuted
§ 1442a Members of armed forces sued or prosecuted
§ 1443 Civil rights cases
§ 1444 Foreclosure action against United States
§ 1445 Nonremovable actions
§ 1446 Procedure for removal
§ 1447 Procedure after removal generally
§ 1448 Process after removal
§ 1449 State court record supplied
§ 1450 Attachment or sequestration; securities
§ 1451 Definitions
§ 1452 Removal of claims related to bankruptcy cases
§ 1453 Removal of class actions
Chapter 91 - United States Court of Federal Claims
§ 1491 Claims against United States generally; actions involving Tennessee Valley Authority
§ 1492 Congressional reference cases
§ 1494 Accounts of officers, agents or contractors
§ 1495 Damages for unjust conviction and imprisonment; claim against United States
§ 1496 Disbursing officers’ claims
§ 1497 Oyster growers’ damages from dredging operations
§ 1498 Patent and copyright cases
§ 1499 Liquidated damages withheld from contractors under chapter 37 of title 40
§ 1500 Pendency of claims in other courts
§ 1501 Pensions
§ 1502 Treaty cases
§ 1503 Set-offs
§ 1505 Indian claims
§ 1507 Jurisdiction for certain declaratory judgments
§ 1508 Jurisdiction for certain partnership proceedings
§ 1509 No jurisdiction in cases involving refunds of tax shelter promoter and understatement penalties
Chapter 95 - Court of International Trade
§ 1581 Civil actions against the United States and agencies and officers thereof
§ 1582 Civil actions commenced by the United States
§ 1583 Counterclaims, cross-claims, and third-party actions
§ 1584 Civil actions under the North American Free Trade Agreement or the United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement
§ 1585 Powers in law and equity
Chapter 97 - Jurisdictional Immunities of Foreign States
§ 1602 Findings and declaration of purpose
§ 1603 Definitions
§ 1604 Immunity of a foreign state from jurisdiction
§ 1605 General exceptions to the jurisdictional immunity of a foreign state
§ 1605A Terrorism exception to the jurisdictional immunity of a foreign state
§ 1606 Extent of liability
§ 1607 Counterclaims
§ 1608 Service; time to answer; default
§ 1609 Immunity from attachment and execution of property of a foreign state
§ 1610 Exceptions to the immunity from attachment or execution
§ 1611 Certain types of property immune from execution
Part V - Procedure
Chapter 111 - General Provisions
§ 1651 Writs
§ 1652 State laws as rules of decision
§ 1653 Amendment of pleadings to show jurisdiction
§ 1654 Appearance personally or by counsel
§ 1655 Lien enforcement; absent defendants
§ 1656 Creation of new district or division or transfer of territory; lien enforcement
§ 1657 Priority of civil actions
§ 1658 Time limitations on the commencement of civil actions arising under Acts of Congress
§ 1659 Stay of certain actions pending disposition of related proceedings before the United States International Trade Commission
Chapter 113 - Process
§ 1691 Seal and teste of process
§ 1692 Process and orders affecting property in different districts
§ 1693 Place of arrest in civil action
§ 1694 Patent infringement action
§ 1695 Stockholder’s derivative action
§ 1696 Service in foreign and international litigation
§ 1697 Service in multiparty, multiforum actions
Chapter 114 - Class Actions
§ 1711 Definitions
§ 1712 Coupon settlements
§ 1713 Protection against loss by class members
§ 1714 Protection against discrimination based on geographic location
§ 1715 Notifications to appropriate Federal and State officials
Chapter 115 - Evidence; Documentary
§ 1731 Handwriting
§ 1732 Record made in regular course of business; photographic copies
§ 1733 Government records and papers; copies
§ 1734 Court record lost or destroyed, generally
§ 1735 Court record lost or destroyed where United States interested
§ 1736 Congressional Journals
§ 1737 Copy of officer’s bond
§ 1738 State and Territorial statutes and judicial proceedings; full faith and credit
§ 1738A Full faith and credit given to child custody determinations
§ 1738B Full faith and credit for child support orders
§ 1738C Certain acts, records, and proceedings and the effect thereof
§ 1739 State and Territorial nonjudicial records; full faith and credit
§ 1740 Copies of consular papers
§ 1741 Foreign official documents
§ 1743 Demand on postmaster
§ 1744 Copies of United States Patent and Trademark Office documents, generally
§ 1745 Copies of foreign patent documents
§ 1746 Unsworn declarations under penalty of perjury
Chapter 117 - Evidence; Depositions
§ 1781 Transmittal of letter rogatory or request
§ 1782 Assistance to foreign and international tribunals and to litigants before such tribunals
§ 1783 Subpoena of person in foreign country
§ 1784 Contempt
§ 1785 Subpoenas in multiparty, multiforum actions
Chapter 119 - Evidence; Witnesses
§ 1821 Per diem and mileage generally; subsistence
§ 1822 Competency of interested persons; share of penalties payable
§ 1824 Mileage fees under summons as both witness and juror
§ 1825 Payment of fees
§ 1826 Recalcitrant witnesses
§ 1827 Interpreters in courts of the United States
§ 1828 Special interpretation services
Chapter 121 - Juries; Trial by Jury
§ 1861 Declaration of policy
§ 1862 Discrimination prohibited
§ 1863 Plan for random jury selection
§ 1864 Drawing of names from the master jury wheel; completion of juror qualification form
§ 1865 Qualifications for jury service
§ 1866 Selection and summoning of jury panels
§ 1867 Challenging compliance with selection procedures
§ 1868 Maintenance and inspection of records
§ 1869 Definitions
§ 1870 Challenges
§ 1871 Fees
§ 1872 Issues of fact in Supreme Court
§ 1873 Admiralty and maritime cases
§ 1874 Actions on bonds and specialties
§ 1875 Protection of jurors’ employment
§ 1876 Trial by jury in the Court of International Trade
§ 1877 Protection of jurors
§ 1878 Optional use of a one-step summoning and qualification procedure
Chapter 123 - Fees and Costs
§ 1911 Supreme Court
§ 1912 Damages and costs on affirmance
§ 1913 Courts of appeals
§ 1914 District court; filing and miscellaneous fees; rules of court
§ 1915 Proceedings in forma pauperis
§ 1915A Screening
§ 1916 Seamen’s suits
§ 1917 District courts; fee on filing notice of or petition for appeal
§ 1918 District courts; fines, forfeitures and criminal proceedings
§ 1919 Dismissal for lack of jurisdiction
§ 1920 Taxation of costs
§ 1921 United States marshal’s fees
§ 1922 Witness fees before United States magistrate judges
§ 1923 Docket fees and costs of briefs
§ 1924 Verification of bill of costs
§ 1925 Admiralty and maritime cases
§ 1926 Court of Federal Claims
§ 1927 Counsel’s liability for excessive costs
§ 1928 Patent infringement action; disclaimer not filed
§ 1929 Extraordinary expenses not expressly authorized
§ 1930 Bankruptcy fees
§ 1931 Disposition of filing fees
Chapter 125 - Pending Actions and Judgments
§ 1961 Interest
§ 1962 Lien
§ 1963 Registration of judgments for enforcement in other districts
§ 1964 Constructive notice of pending actions
Chapter 127 - Executions and Judicial Sales
§ 2001 Sale of realty generally
§ 2002 Notice of sale of realty
§ 2003 Marshal’s incapacity after levy on or sale of realty
§ 2004 Sale of personalty generally
§ 2005 Appraisal of goods taken on execution
§ 2006 Execution against revenue officer
§ 2007 Imprisonment for debt
Chapter 129 - Moneys Paid Into Court
§ 2041 Deposit of moneys in pending or adjudicated cases
§ 2042 Withdrawal
§ 2043 Deposit of other moneys
§ 2044 Payment of fine with bond money
§ 2045 Investment of court registry funds
Chapter 131 - Rules of Courts
§ 2071 Rule-making power generally
§ 2072 Rules of procedure and evidence; power to prescribe
§ 2073 Rules of procedure and evidence; method of prescribing
§ 2074 Rules of procedure and evidence; submission to Congress; effective date
§ 2075 Bankruptcy rules
§ 2077 Publication of rules; advisory committees
Chapter 133 - Review—miscellaneous Provisions
§ 2101 Supreme Court; time for appeal or certiorari; docketing; stay
§ 2102 Priority of criminal case on appeal from State court
§ 2104 Reviews of State court decisions
§ 2105 Scope of review; abatement
§ 2106 Determination
§ 2107 Time for appeal to court of appeals
§ 2108 Proof of amount in controversy
§ 2109 Quorum of Supreme Court justices absent
§ 2111 Harmless error
§ 2112 Record on review and enforcement of agency orders
§ 2113 Definition
Part VI - Particular Proceedings
Chapter 151 - Declaratory Judgments
§ 2201 Creation of remedy
§ 2202 Further relief
Chapter 153 - Habeas Corpus
§ 2241 Power to grant writ
§ 2242 Application
§ 2243 Issuance of writ; return; hearing; decision
§ 2244 Finality of determination
§ 2245 Certificate of trial judge admissible in evidence
§ 2246 Evidence; depositions; affidavits
§ 2247 Documentary evidence
§ 2248 Return or answer; conclusiveness
§ 2249 Certified copies of indictment, plea and judgment; duty of respondent
§ 2250 Indigent petitioner entitled to documents without cost
§ 2251 Stay of State court proceedings
§ 2252 Notice
§ 2253 Appeal
§ 2254 State custody; remedies in Federal courts
§ 2255 Federal custody; remedies on motion attacking sentence
Chapter 154 - Special Habeas Corpus Procedures in Capital Cases
§ 2261 Prisoners in State custody subject to capital sentence; appointment of counsel; requirement of rule of court or statute; procedures for appointment
§ 2262 Mandatory stay of execution; duration; limits on stays of execution; successive petitions
§ 2263 Filing of habeas corpus application; time requirements; tolling rules
§ 2264 Scope of Federal review; district court adjudications
§ 2265 Certification and judicial review
§ 2266 Limitation periods for determining applications and motions
Chapter 155 - Injunctions; Three-judge Courts
§ 2283 Stay of State court proceedings
§ 2284 Three-judge court; when required; composition; procedure
Chapter 157 - Surface Transportation Board Orders; Enforcement and Review
§ 2321 Judicial review of Board’s orders and decisions; procedure generally; process
§ 2322 United States as party
§ 2323 Duties of Attorney General; intervenors
Chapter 158 - Orders of Federal Agencies; Review
§ 2341 Definitions
§ 2342 Jurisdiction of court of appeals
§ 2343 Venue
§ 2344 Review of orders; time; notice; contents of petition; service
§ 2345 Prehearing conference
§ 2346 Certification of record on review
§ 2347 Petitions to review; proceedings
§ 2348 Representation in proceeding; intervention
§ 2349 Jurisdiction of the proceeding
§ 2350 Review in Supreme Court on certiorari or certification
§ 2351 Enforcement of orders by district courts
Chapter 161 - United States as Party Generally
§ 2401 Time for commencing action against United States
§ 2402 Jury trial in actions against United States
§ 2403 Intervention by United States or a State; constitutional question
§ 2404 Death of defendant in damage action
§ 2405 Garnishment
§ 2406 Credits in actions by United States; prior disallowance
§ 2407 Delinquents for public money; judgment at return term; continuance
§ 2408 Security not required of United States
§ 2409 Partition actions involving United States
§ 2409a Real property quiet title actions
§ 2410 Actions affecting property on which United States has lien
§ 2411 Interest
§ 2412 Costs and fees
§ 2413 Executions in favor of United States
§ 2414 Payment of judgments and compromise settlements
§ 2415 Time for commencing actions brought by the United States
§ 2416 Time for commencing actions brought by the United StatesExclusions
Chapter 163 - Fines, Penalties and Forfeitures
§ 2461 Mode of recovery
§ 2462 Time for commencing proceedings
§ 2463 Property taken under revenue law not repleviable
§ 2464 Security; special bond
§ 2465 Return of property to claimant; liability for wrongful seizure; attorney fees, costs, and interest
§ 2466 Fugitive disentitlement
§ 2467 Enforcement of foreign judgment
Chapter 165 - United States Court of Federal Claims Procedure
§ 2501 Time for filing suit
§ 2502 Aliens’ privilege to sue
§ 2503 Proceedings generally
§ 2504 Plaintiff’s testimony
§ 2505 Trial before judges
§ 2506 Interest of witness
§ 2507 Calls and discovery
§ 2508 Counterclaim or set-off; registration of judgment
§ 2509 Congressional reference cases
§ 2510 Referral of cases by Comptroller General
§ 2511 Accounts of officers, agents or contractors
§ 2512 Disbursing officers; relief
§ 2513 Unjust conviction and imprisonment
§ 2514 Forfeiture of fraudulent claims
§ 2515 New trial; stay of judgment
§ 2516 Interest on claims and judgments
§ 2517 Payment of judgments
§ 2519 Conclusiveness of judgment
§ 2521 Subpoenas and incidental powers
§ 2522 Notice of appeal
Chapter 169 - Court of International Trade Procedure
§ 2631 Persons entitled to commence a civil action
§ 2632 Commencement of a civil action
§ 2633 Procedure and fees
§ 2634 Notice
§ 2635 Filing of official documents
§ 2636 Time for commencement of action
§ 2637 Exhaustion of administrative remedies
§ 2638 New grounds in support of a civil action
§ 2639 Burden of proof; evidence of value
§ 2640 Scope and standard of review
§ 2641 Witnesses; inspection of documents
§ 2642 Analysis of imported merchandise
§ 2643 Relief
§ 2644 Interest
§ 2645 Decisions
§ 2646 Retrial or rehearing
Chapter 171 - Tort Claims Procedure
§ 2671 Definitions
§ 2672 Administrative adjustment of claims
§ 2673 Reports to Congress
§ 2674 Liability of United States
§ 2675 Disposition by federal agency as prerequisite; evidence
§ 2676 Judgment as bar
§ 2677 Compromise
§ 2678 Attorney fees; penalty
§ 2679 Exclusiveness of remedy
§ 2680 Exceptions
Chapter 173 - Attachment in Postal Suits
§ 2710 Right of attachment
§ 2711 Application for warrant
§ 2712 Issue of warrant
§ 2713 Trial of ownership of property
§ 2714 Investment of proceeds of attached property
§ 2715 Publication
§ 2716 Personal notice
§ 2717 Discharge
§ 2718 Interest on balances due department
Chapter 176 - Federal Debt Collection Procedure
Subchapter A - Definitions and General Provisions
§ 3001 Applicability of chapter
§ 3002 Definitions
§ 3003 Rules of construction
§ 3004 Service of process; enforcement; notice
§ 3005 Application of chapter to judgments
§ 3006 Affidavit requirements
§ 3007 Perishable personal property
§ 3008 Proceedings before United States magistrate judges
§ 3009 United States marshals’ authority to designate keeper
§ 3010 Co-owned property
§ 3011 Assessment of surcharge on a debt
§ 3012 Joinder of additional defendant
§ 3013 Modification or protective order; supervision of enforcement
§ 3014 Exempt property
§ 3015 Discovery as to debtor’s financial condition
Subchapter B - Prejudgment Remedies
§ 3101 Prejudgment remedies
§ 3102 Attachment
§ 3103 Receivership
§ 3104 Garnishment
§ 3105 Sequestration
Subchapter C - Postjudgment Remedies
§ 3201 Judgment liens
§ 3202 Enforcement of judgments
§ 3203 Execution
§ 3204 Installment payment order
§ 3205 Garnishment
§ 3206 Discharge
Subchapter D - Fraudulent Transfers Involving Debts
§ 3301 Definitions
§ 3302 Insolvency
§ 3303 Value for transfer or obligation
§ 3304 Transfer fraudulent as to a debt to the United States
§ 3305 When transfer is made or obligation is incurred
§ 3306 Remedies of the United States
§ 3307 Defenses, liability, and protection of transferee
§ 3308 Supplementary provision
Chapter 178 - Professional and Amateur Sports Protection
§ 3701 Definitions
§ 3702 Unlawful sports gambling
§ 3703 Injunctions
§ 3704 Applicability
Chapter 179 - Judicial Review of Certain Actions by Presidential Offices
§ 3901 Civil actions
§ 3902 Judicial review of regulations
§ 3903 Effect of failure to issue regulations
§ 3904 Expedited review of certain appeals
§ 3905 Attorney’s fees and interest
§ 3906 Payments
§ 3907 Other judicial review prohibited
§ 3908 Definitions