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45 USC - Railroads

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Title 45 - Railroads

Chapter 1 - Safety Appliances and Equipment on Railroad Engines and Cars, and Protection of Employees and Travelers
§ 15 Repealed.]
§ 16 Repealed.]
Chapter 2 - Liability for Injuries to Employees
§ 51 Liability of common carriers by railroad, in interstate or foreign commerce, for injuries to employees from negligence; employee defined
§ 52 Carriers in Territories or other possessions of United States
§ 53 Contributory negligence; diminution of damages
§ 54 Assumption of risks of employment
§ 54a Certain Federal and State regulations deemed statutory authority
§ 55 Contract, rule, regulation, or device exempting from liability; set-off
§ 56 Actions; limitation; concurrent jurisdiction of courts
§ 57 Who included in term "common carrier"
§ 58 Duty or liability of common carriers and rights of employees under other acts not impaired
§ 59 Survival of right of action of person injured
§ 60 Penalty for suppression of voluntary information incident to accidents; separability
Chapter 3 - Hours of Service of Employees
Chapter 4 - Care of Animals in Transit
Chapter 5 - Government-aided Railroads
§ 92a Repealed.]
§ 93 Transferred
Chapter 6 - Mediation, Conciliation, and Arbitration in Controversies Between Carriers and Employees
§ 126 Repealed.]
Chapter 8 - Railway Labor
Subchapter I - General Provisions
§ 151 Definitions; short title
§ 151a General purposes
§ 152 General duties
§ 153 National Railroad Adjustment Board
§ 154 National Mediation Board
§ 155 Functions of Mediation Board
§ 156 Procedure in changing rates of pay, rules, and working conditions
§ 157 Arbitration
§ 158 Agreement to arbitrate; form and contents; signatures and acknowledgment; revocation
§ 159 Award and judgment thereon; effect of chapter on individual employee
§ 159a Special procedure for commuter service
§ 160 Emergency board
§ 161 Effect of partial invalidity of chapter
§ 162 Authorization of appropriations
§ 163 Repeal of prior legislation; exception
§ 164 Repealed.]
Subchapter II - Carriers by Air
§ 181 Application of subchapter I to carriers by air
§ 182 Duties, penalties, benefits, and privileges of subchapter I applicable
§ 183 Disputes within jurisdiction of Mediation Board
§ 184 System, group, or regional boards of adjustment
§ 185 National Air Transport Adjustment Board
§ 186 Omitted
§ 187 Separability
§ 188 Authorization of appropriations
Chapter 9 - Retirement of Railroad Employees
Subchapter I - Railroad Retirement Act of 1934
§ 209 Repealed.]
Subchapter II - Railroad Retirement Act of 1935
Subchapter III - Railroad Retirement Act of 1937
§ 228d Repealed.]
Subchapter IV - Railroad Retirement Act of 1974
§ 231 Definitions
§ 231a Annuity eligibility requirements
§ 231b Computation of annuities
§ 231c Computation of spouse and survivor annuities
§ 231d Annuity beginning and ending dates
§ 231e Lump sum payments
§ 231f Railroad Retirement Board
§ 231f-1 Annual actuarial report
§ 231g Court jurisdiction
§ 231h Returns of compensation; conclusiveness
§ 231i Erroneous payments
§ 231j Waiver of annuities
§ 231k Incompetence
§ 231l Penalties
§ 231m Assignability; exemption from levy
§ 231n Railroad Retirement Account
§ 231n-1 Social Security Equivalent Benefit Account
§ 231o Private pensions
§ 231p Free transportation
§ 231q Crediting service under Social Security Act
§ 231r Automatic benefit eligibility requirement adjustments
§ 231s Separability
§ 231t Short title
§ 231u Benefit preservation
§ 231v Computation and certification of account benefit ratios
Chapter 10 - Tax on Carriers and Employees
Chapter 11 - Railroad Unemployment Insurance
§ 351 Definitions
§ 352 Benefits
§ 353 Qualifying condition
§ 354 Disqualifying conditions
§ 355 Claims for benefits
§ 355a Acceptance of claims for benefits
§ 356 Returns of compensation; conclusiveness; failure to make
§ 357 Free transportation
§ 358 Contributions
§ 359 Penalties
§ 360 Railroad unemployment insurance account
§ 361 Railroad unemployment insurance administration fund
§ 362 Duties and powers of Board
§ 363 Exclusiveness of provisions; transfers from State unemployment compensation accounts to railroad unemployment insurance account
§ 363a Refunds of State unemployment contributions by employees; amount; application period; definitions
§ 364 District of Columbia account, transfer of funds to railroad unemployment insurance account
§ 365 Omitted
§ 366 Separability
§ 366a Effect of Internal Revenue Code
§ 367 Short title
§ 368 Repealed.]
§ 369 Annual report
Chapter 12 - Temporary Railroad Unemployment Insurance Program
§ 401 Payment of compensation; eligibility; duration; maximum aggregate amount payable; duplication of benefits; application of railroad unemployment insurance provisions
§ 402 Exchange of information between Secretary of Labor and Railroad Retirement Board
§ 403 Appropriation to railroad unemployment insurance account; transfer and repayment of funds; interest
§ 404 Temporary increase in employers’ contribution rate
Chapter 13 - Railroad Safety
Subchapter I - General Provisions
§ 421 Repealed.]
Subchapter II - Rules, Regulations, Orders, and Standards
Chapter 14 - Rail Passenger Service
Subchapter I - General Provisions
Subchapter II - Basic National Rail Passenger System
Subchapter III - National Railroad Passenger Corporation
Subchapter IV - Provision of Rail Passenger Services
§ 564 Repealed.]
Subchapter V - Amtrak Commuter Services
Subchapter VI - Federal Financial Assistance
§ 601 Repealed.]
§ 602 Repealed.]
Subchapter VII - Emergency Financial Assistance
Subchapter VIII - Miscellaneous Provisions
§ 641 Repealed.]
§ 645 Repealed.]
Subchapter IX - Rail Passenger Corridors
Chapter 15 - Emergency Rail Services
§ 661 Definitions
§ 662 Guarantee of certificates
§ 663 Inspection of accounts, books, etc., of railroad receiving financial assistance
§ 664 Issuance of obligations to Secretary of the Treasury
§ 665 Utilization of services and facilities of Federal departments and agencies; reimbursement; consultation with Board; coordination of activities with Federal departments and agencies
§ 666 Court supervision of expenditures; findings; report to Secretary
§ 667 Audit by Comptroller General; report to Congress
§ 668 Guarantee fees; amount; deposit
§ 669 Repealed.]
Chapter 16 - Regional Rail Reorganization
Subchapter I - General Provisions
§ 701 Congressional declaration of policy
§ 702 Definitions
Subchapter II - United States Railway Association
§ 711 Formation and structure
§ 712 Functions of Association
§ 713 Access to information
§ 714 Omitted
§ 715 Repealed.]
§ 716 Final system plan
§ 717 Adoption of final system plan
§ 718 Review by Congress
§ 719 Judicial review
§ 720 Obligations of Association
§ 721 Loans
§ 722 Records, audit, and examination
§ 723 Emergency assistance pending implementation
§ 724 Authorization of appropriations
§ 725 Interim agreements
§ 726 Debentures and series A preferred stock
§ 727 Additional purchases of Series A preferred stock
§ 728 Reports to Congress
§ 729 Advisory Board
Subchapter III - Consolidated Rail Corporation
§ 741 Formation and structure
§ 742 Powers and duties of Corporation
§ 743 Valuation and conveyance of rail properties
§ 744 Termination and continuation of rail services
§ 744a End of Conrail commuter service obligation
§ 745 Continuing reorganization; supplemental transactions
§ 746 Certificates of value
§ 747 Protection of Federal funds
§ 748 Abandonments
Subchapter IV - Transfer of Freight Services
Subchapter V - Employee Protection
Subchapter VI - Miscellaneous Provisions
§ 791 Relationship to other laws
§ 792 Repealed.]
§ 793 Repealed.]
§ 794 Tax payments to States
Subchapter VII - Protection of Employees
§ 797 Repealed.]
§ 797a Termination allowance
§ 797b Preferential hiring
§ 797c Central register of railroad employment
§ 797d Election and treatment of benefits
§ 797e Assignment of work
§ 797f Contracting out
§ 797g New collective-bargaining agreements
§ 797h Employee and personal injury claims
§ 797i Limitations on liability
§ 797j Preemption
§ 797k Factfinding panel
§ 797l Class II railroads receiving Federal assistance
§ 797m Arbitration
Chapter 17 - Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform
Subchapter I - General Provisions
§ 801 Declaration of policy
§ 802 Definitions
§ 803 Repealed.]
Subchapter II - Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing
§ 821 Definitions
§ 822 Direct loans and loan guarantees
§ 823 Administration of direct loans and loan guarantees
§ 825a Repealed.]
§ 831 Transferred
§ 835 Repealed.]
§ 836 Employee protection
Subchapter III - Northeast Corridor Project Implementation
§ 851 Repealed.]
§ 852 Repealed.]
§ 856 Repealed.]
Chapter 18 - Milwaukee Railroad Restructuring
§ 901 Congressional findings
§ 902 Definitions
§ 903 Sales and transfers
§ 904 Court approved abandonments and sales
§ 905 Employee or employee-shipper ownership plan
§ 906 Guarantee of trustee certificates
§ 907 Railroad hiring
§ 908 Employee protection agreements
§ 909 Supplementary unemployment insurance
§ 910 Repealed.]
§ 911 New career training assistance
§ 912 Election
§ 913 Authorization of appropriations
§ 914 Obligation guarantees
§ 915 Court approved abandonment and sales in pending cases
§ 916 Repealed.]
§ 917 Applicability of National Environmental Policy Act
§ 918 Authority of Railroad Retirement Board
§ 919 Publications and reports
§ 920 Continuation of service
§ 921 Office of Rail Public Counsel
§ 922 Employee stock ownership plan for surviving portion of Milwaukee Railroad
Chapter 19 - Rock Island Railroad Employee Assistance
§ 1001 Congressional findings
§ 1002 Definitions
§ 1003 Service continuation
§ 1004 Railroad hiring
§ 1005 Employee protection agreement
§ 1006 Repealed.]
§ 1007 Election
§ 1008 Repealed.]
§ 1009 Expedited proceedings
§ 1010 Applicability of National Environmental Policy Act and section 6362(b) of title 42
§ 1011 Authority of Railroad Retirement Board
§ 1012 Publications and reports
§ 1013 Repealed.]
§ 1014 New career training assistance
§ 1015 Repealed.]
§ 1016 Temporary rail banking
§ 1017 Temporary operating approval
§ 1018 Judicial review
Chapter 20 - Northeast Rail Service
§ 1101 Congressional findings and declarations
§ 1102 Statement of purpose
§ 1103 Goals and objectives
§ 1104 Definitions
§ 1105 Judicial review
§ 1106 Exemption from transfer taxes and fees; recordation
§ 1107 Repealed.]
§ 1108 Concerted economic action
§ 1109 Effectuation of cost reductions
§ 1110 Repealed.]
§ 1111 Repealed.]
§ 1112 Interstate Commerce Commission proceedings
§ 1113 Intercity passenger service
§ 1114 Repealed.]
§ 1115 Redemption of stock
§ 1116 Applicability of other laws
Chapter 21 - Alaska Railroad Transfer
§ 1201 Findings
§ 1202 Definitions
§ 1203 Transfer authorization
§ 1204 Transition period
§ 1205 Lands to be transferred
§ 1206 Employees of Alaska Railroad
§ 1207 State operation
§ 1208 Future rights-of-way
§ 1209 Repealed.]
§ 1210 Other disposition
§ 1211 Denali National Park and Preserve lands
§ 1212 Applicability of other laws
§ 1213 Conflict with other laws
§ 1214 Separability
Chapter 22 - Conrail Privatization
Subchapter I - General Provisions
§ 1301 Findings
§ 1302 Purposes
§ 1303 Definitions
Subchapter II - Conrail
Part A - Sale of Conrail
§ 1311 Preparation for public offering
§ 1312 Public offering
§ 1313 Fees
Part B - Other Matters Relating to Sale
§ 1321 Rail service obligations
§ 1322 Ownership limitations
§ 1323 Board of Directors
§ 1324 Certain enforcement relief
Part C - Miscellaneous Provisions
§ 1341 Abolition of United States Railway Association
§ 1342 Exemption from liability
§ 1343 Charter amendment
§ 1344 Status of Conrail after sale
§ 1345 Effect on contracts
§ 1346 Resolution of certain issues
§ 1347 Tax treatment of Conrail public sale