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46 USC - Shipping

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Title 46 - Shipping

Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Chapter 1 - Definitions
§ 101 Agency
§ 102 Barge
§ 103 Boundary Line
§ 104 Citizen of the United States
§ 105 Consular officer
§ 106 Documented vessel
§ 107 Exclusive economic zone
§ 108 Fisheries
§ 109 Foreign commerce or trade
§ 110 Foreign vessel
§ 111 Numbered vessel
§ 112 State
§ 113 Undocumented
§ 114 United States
§ 115 Vessel
§ 116 Vessel of the United States
Chapter 3 - Federal Maritime Commission
§ 301 General organization
§ 302 Quorum
§ 303 Record of meetings and votes
§ 304 Delegation of authority
§ 305 Regulations
§ 306 Annual report
§ 307 Expenditures
Chapter 5 - Other General Provisions
§ 501 Waiver of navigation and vessel-inspection laws
§ 502 Cargo exempt from forfeiture
§ 503 Notice of seizure
§ 504 Remission of fees and penalties
§ 505 Penalty for violating regulation or order
Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Part A - General Provisions
Chapter 21 - General
§ 2101 General definitions
§ 2102 Limited definitions
§ 2103 Superintendence of the merchant marine
§ 2104 Delegation
§ 2105 Report
§ 2106 Liability in rem
§ 2107 Civil penalty procedures
§ 2109 Public vessels
§ 2110 Fees
§ 2111 Pay for overtime services
§ 2112 Authority to change working hours
§ 2113 Authority to exempt certain vessels
§ 2114 Protection of seamen against discrimination
§ 2115 Civil penalty to enforce alcohol and dangerous drug testing
Chapter 23 - Operation of Vessels Generally
§ 2301 Application
§ 2302 Penalties for negligent operations and interfering with safe operation
§ 2303 Duties related to marine casualty assistance and information
§ 2303a Post serious marine casualty alcohol testing
§ 2304 Duty to provide assistance at sea
§ 2305 Injunctions
§ 2306 Vessel reporting requirements
§ 2307 Limitation of liability for Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service pilots
Part B - Inspection and Regulation of Vessels
Chapter 31 - General
§ 3101 Authority to suspend inspection
§ 3102 Immersion suits
§ 3103 Use of reports, documents, and records
Chapter 32 - Management of Vessels
§ 3201 Definitions
§ 3202 Application
§ 3203 Safety management system
§ 3204 Implementation of safety management system
§ 3205 Certification
Chapter 33 - Inspection Generally
§ 3301 Vessels subject to inspection
§ 3302 Exemptions
§ 3303 Reciprocity for foreign vessels
§ 3304 Transporting individuals in addition to crew
§ 3305 Scope and standards of inspection
§ 3306 Regulations
§ 3307 Frequency of inspection
§ 3308 Examinations
§ 3309 Certificate of inspection
§ 3310 Records of certification
§ 3311 Certificate of inspection required
§ 3312 Display of certificate of inspection
§ 3313 Compliance with certificate of inspection
§ 3314 Expiration of certificate of inspection
§ 3315 Disclosure of defects and protection of informants
§ 3316 Classification societies
§ 3317 Fees
§ 3318 Penalties
Chapter 35 - Carriage of Passengers
§ 3501 Number of passengers
§ 3502 List or count of passengers
§ 3503 Fire-retardant materials
§ 3504 Notification to passengers
§ 3505 Prevention of departure
§ 3506 Copies of laws
Chapter 37 - Carriage of Liquid Bulk Dangerous Cargoes
§ 3701 Definitions
§ 3702 Application
§ 3703 Regulations
§ 3703a Tank vessel construction standards
§ 3704 Coastwise trade vessels
§ 3705 Crude oil tanker minimum standards
§ 3706 Product carrier minimum standards
§ 3707 Tanker minimum standards
§ 3708 Self-propelled tank vessel minimum standards
§ 3709 Exemptions
§ 3710 Evidence of compliance by vessels of the United States
§ 3711 Evidence of compliance by foreign vessels
§ 3712 Notification of noncompliance
§ 3713 Prohibited acts
§ 3714 Inspection and examination
§ 3715 Lightering
§ 3716 Tank washings
§ 3717 Marine safety information system
§ 3718 Penalties
§ 3719 Reduction of oil spills from single hull non-self-propelled tank vessels
Chapter 41 - Uninspected Vessels Generally
§ 4101 Application
§ 4102 Safety equipment
§ 4103 Exemptions
§ 4105 Uninspected passenger vessels
§ 4106 Penalties
Chapter 43 - Recreational Vessels
§ 4301 Application
§ 4302 Regulations
§ 4303 Inspection and testing
§ 4304 Importation of nonconforming vessels and equipment
§ 4305 Exemptions
§ 4306 Federal preemption
§ 4307 Prohibited acts
§ 4308 Termination of unsafe operation
§ 4309 Investigation and reporting
§ 4310 Repair and replacement of defects
§ 4311 Penalties and injunctions
Chapter 45 - Uninspected Commercial Fishing Industry Vessels
§ 4501 Application
§ 4502 Safety standards
§ 4503 Fish processing vessel certification
§ 4504 Prohibited acts
§ 4505 Termination of unsafe operations
§ 4506 Exemptions
§ 4507 Penalties
§ 4508 Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel Safety Advisory Committee
Chapter 47 - Abandonment of Barges
§ 4701 Definitions
§ 4702 Abandonment of barge prohibited
§ 4703 Penalty for unlawful abandonment of barge
§ 4704 Removal of abandoned barges
§ 4705 Liability of barge removal contractors
Part C - Load Lines of Vessels
Chapter 51 - Load Lines
§ 5101 Definitions
§ 5102 Application
§ 5103 Load line requirements
§ 5104 Assignment of load lines
§ 5105 Load line surveys
§ 5106 Load line certificate
§ 5107 Delegation of authority
§ 5108 Special exemptions
§ 5109 Reciprocity for foreign vessels
§ 5110 Submersible vessels
§ 5111 Providing loading information
§ 5112 Loading restrictions
§ 5113 Detention of vessels
§ 5114 Use of Customs Service officers and employees for enforcement
§ 5116 Penalties
Part D - Marine Casualties
Chapter 61 - Reporting Marine Casualties
§ 6101 Marine casualties and reporting
§ 6102 State marine casualty reporting system
§ 6103 Penalty
§ 6104 Commercial fishing industry vessel casualty statistics
Chapter 63 - Investigating Marine Casualties
§ 6301 Investigation of marine casualties
§ 6302 Public investigations
§ 6303 Rights of parties in interest
§ 6304 Subpena authority
§ 6305 Reports of investigations
§ 6306 Penalty
§ 6307 Notifications to Congress
§ 6308 Information barred in legal proceedings
Part E - Merchant Seamen Licenses, Certificates, and Documents
Chapter 71 - Licenses and Certificates of Registry
§ 7101 Issuing and classifying licenses and certificates of registry
§ 7102 Citizenship
§ 7103 Licenses for radio officers
§ 7104 Certificates for medical doctors and nurses
§ 7105 Oaths
§ 7106 Duration of licenses
§ 7107 Duration of certificates of registry
§ 7108 Termination of licenses and certificates of registry
§ 7109 Review of criminal records
§ 7110 Exhibiting licenses
§ 7111 Oral examinations for licenses
§ 7112 Licenses of masters or mates as pilots
§ 7113 Exemption from draft
§ 7114 Fees
Chapter 73 - Merchant Mariners Documents
§ 7301 General
§ 7302 Issuing merchant mariners’ documents and continuous discharge books
§ 7303 Possession and description of merchant mariners’ documents
§ 7304 Citizenship notation on merchant mariners’ documents
§ 7305 Oaths for holders of merchant mariners’ documents
§ 7306 General requirements and classifications for able seamen
§ 7307 Able seamenunlimited
§ 7308 Able seamenlimited
§ 7309 Able seamenspecial
§ 7310 Able seamenoffshore supply vessels
§ 7311 Able seamensail
§ 7311a Able seamenfishing industry
§ 7312 Scale of employment
§ 7313 General requirements for members of engine departments
§ 7314 Service requirements for qualified members of engine departments
§ 7315 Training
§ 7316 Lifeboatmen
§ 7317 Tankermen
§ 7318 Radiotelegraph operators on Great Lakes
§ 7319 Records of merchant mariners’ documents
Chapter 75 - General Procedures for Licensing, Certification, and Documentation
§ 7501 Duplicates
§ 7502 Records
§ 7503 Dangerous drugs as grounds for denial
§ 7504 Travel and expense reimbursement
§ 7505 Review of information in National Driver Register
§ 7506 Convention tonnage for licenses, certificates, and documents
Chapter 77 - Suspension and Revocation
§ 7701 General
§ 7702 Administrative procedure
§ 7703 Bases for suspension or revocation
§ 7704 Dangerous drugs as grounds for revocation
§ 7705 Subpenas and oaths
§ 7706 Drug testing reporting
Part F - Manning of Vessels
Chapter 81 - General
§ 8101 Complement of inspected vessels
§ 8102 Watchmen
§ 8103 Citizenship and Navy Reserve requirements
§ 8104 Watches
§ 8105 Fishing vessel exemption
§ 8106 Riding gangs
Chapter 83 - Masters and Officers
§ 8301 Minimum number of licensed individuals
§ 8302 Staff department
§ 8303 Service under licenses issued without examination
§ 8304 Implementing the Officers’ Competency Certificates Convention, 1936
Chapter 85 - Pilots
§ 8501 State regulation of pilots
§ 8502 Federal pilots required
§ 8503 Federal pilots authorized
Chapter 87 - Unlicensed Personnel
§ 8701 Merchant mariners’ documents required
§ 8702 Certain crew requirements
§ 8703 Tankermen on tank vessels
§ 8704 Alien deemed to be employed in the United States
Chapter 89 - Small Vessel Manning
§ 8901 Freight vessels
§ 8902 Small passenger vessels
§ 8903 Self-propelled, uninspected passenger vessels
§ 8904 Towing vessels
§ 8905 Exemptions
§ 8906 Penalty
Chapter 91 - Tank Vessel Manning Standards
§ 9101 Standards for foreign tank vessels
§ 9102 Standards for tank vessels of the United States
Chapter 93 - Great Lakes Pilotage
§ 9301 Definitions
§ 9302 Great Lakes pilots required
§ 9303 United States registered pilot service
§ 9304 Pilotage pools
§ 9305 Agreements with Canada
§ 9306 State regulation prohibited
§ 9307 Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee
§ 9308 Penalties
Part G - Merchant Seamen Protection and Relief
Chapter 101 - General
§ 10101 Definitions
§ 10103 Reports
§ 10104 Requirement to report sexual offenses
Chapter 103 - Foreign and Intercoastal Voyages
§ 10301 Application
§ 10302 Shipping articles agreements
§ 10303 Provisions
§ 10304 Form of agreement
§ 10305 Manner of signing agreement
§ 10306 Exhibiting merchant mariners’ documents
§ 10307 Posting agreements
§ 10308 Foreign engagements
§ 10309 Engaging seamen to replace those lost by desertion or casualty
§ 10310 Discharge
§ 10311 Certificates of discharge
§ 10312 Settlements on discharge
§ 10313 Wages
§ 10314 Advances
§ 10315 Allotments
§ 10316 Trusts
§ 10317 Loss of lien and right to wages
§ 10318 Wages on discharge in foreign ports
§ 10319 Costs of a criminal conviction
§ 10320 Records of seamen
§ 10321 General penalty
Chapter 105 - Coastwise Voyages
§ 10501 Application
§ 10502 Shipping articles agreements
§ 10503 Exhibiting merchant mariners’ documents
§ 10504 Wages
§ 10505 Advances
§ 10506 Trusts
§ 10508 General penalties
§ 10509 Penalty for failing to begin voyage
Chapter 106 - Fishing Voyages
§ 10601 Fishing agreements
§ 10602 Recovery of wages and shares of fish under agreement
§ 10603 Seaman’s duty to notify employer regarding illness, disability, and injury
Chapter 107 - Effects of Deceased Seamen
§ 10701 Application
§ 10702 Duties of masters
§ 10703 Procedures of masters
§ 10704 Duties of consular officers
§ 10705 Disposition of money, property, and wages by consular officers
§ 10706 Seamen dying in the United States
§ 10708 Sale of property
§ 10709 Distribution
§ 10710 Unclaimed money, property, and wages
§ 10711 Penalties
Chapter 109 - Proceedings on Unseaworthiness
§ 10901 Application
§ 10902 Complaints of unfitness
§ 10903 Proceedings on examination of vessel
§ 10904 Refusal to proceed
§ 10905 Complaints in foreign ports
§ 10906 Discharge of crew for unsuitability
§ 10907 Permission to make complaint
§ 10908 Penalty for sending unseaworthy vessel to sea
Chapter 111 - Protection and Relief
§ 11101 Accommodations for seamen
§ 11102 Medicine chests
§ 11103 Slop chests
§ 11104 Destitute seamen
§ 11105 Wages on discharge when vessel sold
§ 11106 Wages on justifiable complaint of seamen
§ 11107 Unlawful engagements void
§ 11108 Taxes
§ 11109 Attachment of wages
§ 11110 Seamen’s clothing
§ 11111 Limit on amount recoverable on voyage
§ 11112 Master’s lien for wages
Chapter 112 - Merchant Mariner Benefits
§ 11201 Eligibility for veterans’ burial and cemetery benefits
§ 11202 Qualified service
§ 11203 Documentation of qualified service
§ 11204 Processing fees
Chapter 113 - Official Logbooks
§ 11301 Logbook and entry requirements
§ 11302 Manner of making entries
§ 11303 Penalties
Chapter 115 - Offenses and Penalties
§ 11501 Penalties for specified offenses
§ 11502 Entry of offenses in logbook
§ 11503 Duties of consular officers related to insubordination
§ 11504 Enforcement of forfeitures
§ 11505 Disposal of forfeitures
§ 11506 Carrying sheath knives
§ 11507 Surrender of offending officers
Part H - Identification of Vessels
Chapter 121 - Documentation of Vessels
Subchapter I - General
§ 12101 Definitions
§ 12102 Vessels requiring documentation
§ 12103 General eligibility requirements
§ 12104 Applications for documentation
§ 12105 Issuance of documentation
§ 12106 Surrender of title and number
§ 12107 Wrecked vessels
Subchapter II - Endorsements and Special Documentation
§ 12111 Registry endorsement
§ 12112 Coastwise endorsement
§ 12113 Fishery endorsement
§ 12114 Recreational endorsement
§ 12115 Temporary endorsement for vessels procured outside the United States
§ 12116 Limited endorsements for Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Mariana Islands
§ 12117 Oil spill response vessels
§ 12118 Owners engaged primarily in manufacturing or mineral industry
§ 12119 Owners engaged primarily in leasing or financing transactions
§ 12120 Liquified gas tankers
§ 12121 Small passenger vessels and uninspected passenger vessels
Subchapter III - Miscellaneous
§ 12131 Command of documented vessels
§ 12132 Loss of coastwise trade privileges
§ 12133 Duty to carry certificate on vessel and allow examination
§ 12134 Evidentiary uses of documentation
§ 12135 Invalidation of certificates of documentation
§ 12136 Surrender of certificates of documentation
§ 12137 Recording of vessels built in the United States
§ 12138 List of documented vessels
§ 12139 Reports
Subchapter IV - Penalties
§ 12151 Penalties
§ 12152 Denial or revocation of endorsement for non-payment of civil penalty
Chapter 123 - Numbering Undocumented Vessels
§ 12301 Numbering vessels
§ 12302 Standard numbering system
§ 12303 Exemption from numbering requirements
§ 12304 Certificates of numbers
§ 12305 Displaying numbers
§ 12306 Safety certificates
§ 12307 Regulations on numbering and fees
§ 12308 Providing vessel numbering and registration information
§ 12309 Penalties
Chapter 125 - Vessel Identification System
§ 12501 Establishment of a vessel identification system
§ 12502 Identification numbers, signal letters, and markings
§ 12503 Information available to the system
§ 12504 Information available from the system
§ 12505 Fees
§ 12506 Delegation of authority
§ 12507 Penalties
Part I - State Boating Safety Programs
Chapter 131 - Recreational Boating Safety
§ 13101 Definitions
§ 13102 State recreational boating safety programs
§ 13103 Program acceptance
§ 13104 Allocations
§ 13105 Availability of allocations
§ 13106 Computation decisions about State amounts expended
§ 13107 Authorization of appropriations
§ 13108 Computing amounts allocated to States and State records requirements
§ 13109 Consultation, cooperation, and regulation
§ 13110 National Boating Safety Advisory Council
Part J - Measurement of Vessels
Chapter 141 - General
§ 14101 Definitions
§ 14103 Delegation of authority
§ 14104 Measurement to determine application of a law
Chapter 143 - Convention Measurement
§ 14301 Application
§ 14302 Measurement
§ 14303 International Tonnage Certificate (1969)
§ 14304 Remeasurement
§ 14305 Optional regulatory measurement
§ 14306 Reciprocity for foreign vessels
§ 14307 Inspection of foreign vessels
Chapter 145 - Regulatory Measurement
Subchapter I - General
§ 14501 Application
§ 14502 Measurement
§ 14503 Certificate of measurement
§ 14504 Remeasurement
Subchapter II - Formal Systems
§ 14511 Application
§ 14512 Standard tonnage measurement
§ 14513 Dual tonnage measurement
Subchapter III - Simplified System
§ 14521 Application
§ 14522 Measurement
Chapter 147 - Penalties
§ 14701 General violation
§ 14702 False statements
Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Chapter 301 - General Liability Provisions
§ 30101 Extension of jurisdiction to cases of damage or injury on land
§ 30102 Liability to passengers
§ 30103 Liability of master, mate, engineer, and pilot
§ 30104 Personal injury to or death of seamen
§ 30105 Restriction on recovery by non-citizens and non-resident aliens for incidents in waters of other countries
§ 30106 Time limit on bringing maritime action for personal injury or death
Chapter 303 - Death on the High Seas
§ 30301 Short title
§ 30302 Cause of action
§ 30303 Amount and apportionment of recovery
§ 30304 Contributory negligence
§ 30305 Death of plaintiff in pending action
§ 30306 Foreign cause of action
§ 30307 Commercial aviation accidents
§ 30308 Nonapplication
Chapter 305 - Exoneration and Limitation of Liability
§ 30501 Definition
§ 30502 Application
§ 30503 Declaration of nature and value of goods
§ 30504 Loss by fire
§ 30505 General limit of liability
§ 30506 Limit of liability for personal injury or death
§ 30507 Apportionment of losses
§ 30508 Provisions requiring notice of claim or limiting time for bringing action
§ 30509 Provisions limiting liability for personal injury or death
§ 30510 Vicarious liability for medical malpractice with regard to crew
§ 30511 Action by owner for limitation
§ 30512 Liability as master, officer, or seaman not affected
Chapter 307 - Liability of Water Carriers
§ 30701 Definition
§ 30702 Application
§ 30703 Bills of lading
§ 30704 Loading, stowage, custody, care, and delivery
§ 30705 Seaworthiness
§ 30706 Defenses
§ 30707 Criminal penalty
Chapter 309 - Suits in Admiralty Against the United States
§ 30901 Short title
§ 30902 Definition
§ 30903 Waiver of immunity
§ 30904 Exclusive remedy
§ 30905 Period for bringing action
§ 30906 Venue
§ 30907 Procedure for hearing and determination
§ 30908 Exemption from arrest or seizure
§ 30909 Security
§ 30910 Exoneration and limitation
§ 30911 Costs and interest
§ 30912 Arbitration, compromise, or settlement
§ 30913 Payment of judgment or settlement
§ 30914 Release of privately owned vessel after arrest or attachment
§ 30915 Seizures and other proceedings in foreign jurisdictions
§ 30916 Recovery by the United States for salvage services
§ 30917 Disposition of amounts recovered by the United States
§ 30918 Reports
Chapter 311 - Suits Involving Public Vessels
§ 31101 Short title
§ 31102 Waiver of immunity
§ 31103 Applicable procedure
§ 31104 Venue
§ 31105 Security when counterclaim filed
§ 31106 Exoneration and limitation
§ 31107 Interest
§ 31108 Arbitration, compromise, or settlement
§ 31109 Payment of judgment or settlement
§ 31110 Subpoenas to officers or members of crew
§ 31111 Claims by nationals of foreign countries
§ 31112 Lien not recognized or created
§ 31113 Reports
Chapter 313 - Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens
Subchapter I - General
§ 31301 Definitions
§ 31302 Availability of instruments, copies, and information
§ 31303 Certain civil actions not authorized
§ 31304 Liability for noncompliance
§ 31305 Waiver of lien rights
§ 31306 Declaration of citizenship
§ 31307 State statutes superseded
§ 31308 Secretary of Commerce or Transportation as mortgagee
§ 31309 General civil penalty
Subchapter II - Commercial Instruments
§ 31321 Filing, recording, and discharge
§ 31322 Preferred mortgages
§ 31323 Disclosing and incurring obligations before executing preferred mortgages
§ 31324 Retention and examination of mortgages of vessels covered by preferred mortgages
§ 31325 Preferred mortgage liens and enforcement
§ 31326 Court sales to enforce preferred mortgage liens and maritime liens and priority of claims
§ 31327 Forfeiture of mortgagee interest
§ 31329 Court sales of documented vessels
§ 31330 Penalties
Subchapter III - Maritime Liens
§ 31341 Persons presumed to have authority to procure necessaries
§ 31342 Establishing maritime liens
§ 31343 Recording and discharging notices of claim of maritime lien
Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Part A - Ocean Shipping
Chapter 401 - General
§ 40101 Purposes
§ 40102 Definitions
§ 40103 Administrative exemptions
§ 40104 Reports filed with the Commission
Chapter 403 - Agreements
§ 40301 Application
§ 40302 Filing requirements
§ 40303 Content requirements
§ 40304 Commission action
§ 40305 Assessment agreements
§ 40306 Nondisclosure of information
§ 40307 Exemption from antitrust laws
Chapter 405 - Tariffs, Service Contracts, Refunds, and Waivers
§ 40501 General rate and tariff requirements
§ 40502 Service contracts
§ 40503 Refunds and waivers
Chapter 407 - Controlled Carriers
§ 40701 Rates
§ 40702 Rate standards
§ 40703 Effective date of rates
§ 40704 Commission review
§ 40705 Presidential review of Commission orders
§ 40706 Exceptions
Chapter 409 - Ocean Transportation Intermediaries
§ 40901 License requirement
§ 40902 Financial responsibility
§ 40903 Suspension or revocation of license
§ 40904 Compensation by common carriers
Chapter 411 - Prohibitions and Penalties
§ 41101 Joint ventures and consortiums
§ 41102 General prohibitions
§ 41103 Disclosure of information
§ 41104 Common carriers
§ 41105 Concerted action
§ 41106 Marine terminal operators
§ 41107 Monetary penalties
§ 41108 Additional penalties
§ 41109 Assessment of penalties
Chapter 413 - Enforcement
§ 41301 Complaints
§ 41302 Investigations
§ 41303 Discovery and subpoenas
§ 41304 Hearings and orders
§ 41305 Award of reparations
§ 41306 Injunctive relief sought by complainants
§ 41307 Injunctive relief sought by the Commission
§ 41308 Enforcement of subpoenas and orders
§ 41309 Enforcement of reparation orders
Part B - Actions to Address Foreign Practices
Chapter 421 - Regulations Affecting Shipping in Foreign Trade
§ 42101 Regulations of the Commission
§ 42102 Regulations of other agencies
§ 42103 No preference to Government-owned vessels
§ 42104 Information, witnesses, and evidence
§ 42105 Disclosure to public
§ 42106 Other actions to remedy unfavorable conditions
§ 42107 Refusal of clearance and entry
§ 42108 Penalty for operating under suspended tariff or service contract
§ 42109 Consultation with other agencies
Chapter 423 - Foreign Shipping Practices
§ 42301 Definitions
§ 42302 Investigations
§ 42303 Information requests
§ 42304 Action against foreign carriers
§ 42305 Refusal of clearance and entry
§ 42306 Submission of determinations to President
§ 42307 Review of regulations and orders
Part C - Miscellaneous
Chapter 441 - Evidence of Financial Responsibility for Passenger Transportation
§ 44101 Application
§ 44102 Financial responsibility to indemnify passengers for nonperformance of transportation
§ 44103 Financial responsibility to pay liability for death or injury
§ 44104 Civil penalty
§ 44105 Refusal of clearance
§ 44106 Conduct of proceedings
Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Part A - General
Chapter 501 - Policy, Studies, and Reports
§ 50101 Objectives and policy
§ 50102 Survey of merchant marine
§ 50103 Determinations of essential services
§ 50104 Studies of general maritime problems
§ 50105 Studies and cooperation relating to the construction of vessels
§ 50106 Studies on the operation of vessels
§ 50107 Studies on marine insurance
§ 50108 Studies on cargo carriage and cargo containers
§ 50109 Miscellaneous studies
§ 50110 Securing preference to vessels of the United States
§ 50111 Reports to Congress
§ 50112 National Maritime Enhancement Institutes
§ 50113 Use and performance reports by operators of vessels
Chapter 503 - Administrative
§ 50301 Vessel Operations Revolving Fund
§ 50302 Port development
§ 50303 Operating property and extending term of notes
§ 50304 Sale and transfer of property
§ 50305 Appointment of trustee or receiver and operation of vessels
§ 50306 Requiring testimony and records in investigations
Chapter 505 - Other General Provisions
§ 50501 Entities deemed citizens of the United States
§ 50502 Applicability to receivers, trustees, successors, and assigns
§ 50503 Oceanographic research vessels
§ 50504 Sailing school vessels
Part B - Merchant Marine Service
Chapter 511 - General
§ 51101 Policy
§ 51102 Definitions
§ 51103 General authority of Secretary of Transportation
§ 51104 General authority of Secretary of the Navy
Chapter 513 - United States Merchant Marine Academy
§ 51301 Maintenance of the Academy
§ 51302 Nomination and competitive appointment of cadets
§ 51303 Non-competitive appointments
§ 51304 Additional appointments from particular areas
§ 51305 Prohibited basis for appointment
§ 51306 Cadet commitment agreements
§ 51307 Places of training
§ 51308 Uniforms, textbooks, and transportation allowances
§ 51309 Academic degree
§ 51310 Deferment of service obligation under cadet commitment agreements
§ 51311 Midshipman status in the Navy Reserve
§ 51312 Board of Visitors
§ 51313 Advisory Board
§ 51314 Limitation on charges and fees for attendance
§ 51315 Gifts to the Merchant Marine Academy
§ 51316 Temporary appointments to the Academy
§ 51317 Adjunct professors
Chapter 515 - State Maritime Academy Support Program
§ 51501 General support program
§ 51502 Detailing of personnel
§ 51503 Regional maritime academies
§ 51504 Use of training vessels
§ 51505 Annual payments for maintenance and support
§ 51506 Conditions to receiving payments and use of vessels
§ 51507 Places of training
§ 51508 Allowances for students
§ 51509 Student incentive payment agreements
§ 51510 Deferment of service obligation under student incentive payment agreements
§ 51511 Midshipman status in the Navy Reserve
Chapter 517 - Other Support for Merchant Marine Training
§ 51701 United States Maritime Service
§ 51702 Civilian nautical schools
§ 51703 Additional training
§ 51704 Training for maritime oil pollution prevention, response, and clean-up
Chapter 519 - Merchant Marine Awards
§ 51901 Awards for individual acts or service
§ 51902 Gallant Ship Award
§ 51903 Multiple awards
§ 51904 Presentation to representatives
§ 51905 Flags and grave markers
§ 51906 Special certificates for civilian service to armed forces
§ 51907 Provision of decorations, medals, and replacements
§ 51908 Prohibition against unauthorized manufacture, sale, possession, or display of awards
Part C - Financial Assistance Programs
Chapter 531 - Maritime Security Fleet
§ 53101 Definitions
§ 53102 Establishment of Maritime Security Fleet
§ 53103 Award of operating agreements
§ 53104 Effectiveness of operating agreements
§ 53105 Obligations and rights under operating agreements
§ 53106 Payments
§ 53107 National security requirements
§ 53108 Regulatory relief
§ 53109 Special rule regarding age of participating fleet vessel
§ 53110 Regulations
§ 53111 Authorization of appropriations
Chapter 533 - Construction Reserve Funds
§ 53301 Definitions
§ 53302 Authority for construction reserve funds
§ 53303 Persons eligible to establish funds
§ 53304 Vessel ownership
§ 53305 Eligible fund deposits
§ 53306 Recognition of gain for tax purposes
§ 53307 Basis for determining gain or loss and for depreciating new vessels
§ 53308 Order and proportions of deposits and withdrawals
§ 53309 Accumulation of deposits
§ 53310 Obligation of deposits and period for construction of certain vessels
§ 53311 Taxation of deposits on failure of conditions
§ 53312 Assessment and collection of deficiency tax
Chapter 535 - Capital Construction Funds
§ 53501 Definitions
§ 53502 Regulations
§ 53503 Establishing a capital construction fund
§ 53504 Deposits and withdrawals
§ 53505 Ceiling on deposits
§ 53506 Investment and fiduciary requirements
§ 53507 Nontaxation of deposits
§ 53508 Separate accounts within a fund
§ 53509 Qualified withdrawals
§ 53510 Tax treatment of qualified withdrawals and basis of property
§ 53511 Tax treatment of nonqualified withdrawals
§ 53512 FIFO and LIFO withdrawals
§ 53513 Corporate reorganizations and partnership changes
§ 53514 Relationship of old fund to new fund
§ 53515 Records and reports
§ 53516 Termination of agreement after change in regulations
§ 53517 Reports
Chapter 537 - Loans and Guarantees
Subchapter I - General
§ 53701 Definitions
§ 53702 General authority
§ 53703 Application procedures
§ 53704 Funding limits
§ 53705 Pledge of United States Government
§ 53706 Eligible purposes of obligations
§ 53707 Findings related to obligors and operators
§ 53708 Findings related to economic soundness
§ 53709 Amount of obligations
§ 53710 Contents of obligations
§ 53711 Security interest
§ 53712 Monitoring financial condition and operations of obligor
§ 53713 Administrative fees
§ 53714 Guarantee fees
§ 53715 Escrow fund
§ 53716 Deposit fund
§ 53717 Management of funds in the Treasury
§ 53718 Annual report to Congress
Subchapter II - Default Provisions
§ 53721 Rights of obligee
§ 53722 Actions by Secretary or Administrator
§ 53723 Payments by Secretary or Administrator and issuance of obligations
§ 53724 Rights to secured property
§ 53725 Actions against obligor
Subchapter III - Particular Projects
§ 53731 Commercial demonstration ocean thermal energy conversion facilities and plantships
§ 53732 Eligible export vessels
§ 53733 Shipyard modernization and improvement
§ 53734 Replacement of vessels because of changes in operating standards
§ 53735 Fisheries financing and capacity reduction
Chapter 539 - War Risk Insurance
§ 53901 Definitions
§ 53902 Authority to provide insurance
§ 53903 Insurable interests
§ 53904 Liability insurance for persons involved in war or defense efforts
§ 53905 Agency insurance
§ 53906 Hull insurance valuation
§ 53907 Reinsurance
§ 53908 Additional insurance privately obtained
§ 53909 War risk insurance revolving fund
§ 53910 Administrative
§ 53911 Civil actions for losses
§ 53912 Expiration date
Part D - Promotional Programs
Chapter 551 - Coastwise Trade
§ 55101 Application of coastwise laws
§ 55102 Transportation of merchandise
§ 55103 Transportation of passengers
§ 55104 Transportation of passengers between Puerto Rico and other ports in the United States
§ 55105 Transportation of hazardous waste
§ 55106 Merchandise transferred between barges
§ 55107 Empty cargo containers and barges
§ 55108 Platform jackets
§ 55109 Dredging
§ 55110 Transportation of valueless material or dredged material
§ 55111 Towing
§ 55112 Vessel escort operations and towing assistance
§ 55113 Use of foreign documented oil spill response vessels
§ 55114 Unloading fish from foreign vessels
§ 55115 Supplies on fish processing vessels
§ 55116 Canadian rail lines
§ 55117 Great Lakes rail route
§ 55118 Foreign railroads whose road enters by ferry, tugboat, or towboat
§ 55119 Yukon River
§ 55120 Transshipment of imported merchandise intended for immediate exportation
§ 55121 Transportation of merchandise and passengers on Canadian vessels
Chapter 553 - Passenger and Cargo Preferences
Subchapter I - General
§ 55301 Priority loading for coal
§ 55302 Transportation of United States Government personnel
§ 55303 Motor vehicles owned by United States Government personnel
§ 55304 Exports financed by the United States Government
§ 55305 Cargoes procured, furnished, or financed by the United States Government
Subchapter II - Export Transportation of Agricultural Commodities
§ 55311 Findings and purposes
§ 55312 Determining prevailing world market price
§ 55313 Exemption of certain agricultural exports from cargo preference provisions
§ 55314 Transportation requirements for certain exports sponsored by the Secretary of Agriculture
§ 55315 Minimum tonnage
§ 55316 Financing the transportation of agricultural commodities
§ 55317 Termination of subchapter
§ 55318 Effect on other law
Subchapter III - American Great Lakes Vessels
§ 55331 Definitions
§ 55332 Designating American Great Lakes vessels
§ 55333 Exemption from restriction on transporting certain cargo
§ 55334 Restrictions on operations
§ 55335 Revocations and terminations of designations
§ 55336 Civil penalty
Chapter 556 - Short Sea Transportation
§ 55601 Short sea transportation program
§ 55602 Cargo and shippers
§ 55603 Interagency coordination
§ 55604 Research on short sea transportation
§ 55605 Short sea transportation defined
Part E - Control of Merchant Marine Capabilities
Chapter 561 - Restrictions on Transfers
§ 56101 Approval required to transfer vessel to noncitizen
§ 56102 Additional controls during war or national emergency
§ 56103 Conditional approvals
§ 56104 Penalty for false statements
§ 56105 Forfeiture procedure
Chapter 563 - Emergency Acquisition of Vessels
§ 56301 General authority
§ 56302 Charter terms
§ 56303 Compensation
§ 56304 Disputed compensation
§ 56305 Vessel encumbrances
§ 56306 Use and transfer of vessels
§ 56307 Return of vessels
Chapter 565 - Essential Vessels Affected by Neutrality Act
§ 56501 Definition
§ 56502 Adjusting obligations and arranging maintenance
§ 56503 Types of adjustments and arrangements
§ 56504 Changes in adjustments and arrangements
Part F - Government-owned Merchant Vessels
Chapter 571 - General Authority
§ 57101 Placement of vessels in National Defense Reserve Fleet
§ 57102 Disposition of vessels not worth preserving
§ 57103 Sale of obsolete vessels in National Defense Reserve Fleet
§ 57104 Acquisition of vessels from sale of obsolete vessels
§ 57105 Acquisition of vessels for essential services, routes, or lines
§ 57106 Maintenance, improvement, and operation of vessels
§ 57107 Vessels for other agencies
§ 57108 Consideration of ballast and equipment in determining selling price
§ 57109 Operation of vessels purchased, chartered, or leased from Secretary of Transportation
Chapter 573 - Vessel Trade-in Program
§ 57301 Definitions
§ 57302 Authority to acquire vessels
§ 57303 Utility value and tonnage requirements
§ 57304 Eligible acquisition dates
§ 57305 Determination of trade-in allowance
§ 57306 Payment of trade-in allowance
§ 57307 Recognition of gain for tax purposes
§ 57308 Use of vessels at least 25 years old
Chapter 575 - Construction, Charter, and Sale of Vessels
Subchapter I - General
§ 57501 Completion of long-range program
§ 57502 Construction, reconditioning, and remodeling of vessels
§ 57503 Competitive bidding
§ 57504 Charter or sale of vessels acquired by Department of Transportation
§ 57505 Employment of vessels on foreign trade routes
§ 57506 Minimum selling price of vessels
Subchapter II - Charters
§ 57511 Demise charters
§ 57512 Competitive bidding
§ 57513 Minimum bid
§ 57514 Qualifications of bidders
§ 57515 Awarding of charters
§ 57516 Operating-differential subsidies
§ 57517 Recovery of excess profits
§ 57518 Performance bond
§ 57519 Insurance
§ 57520 Vessel maintenance
§ 57521 Termination of charter during national emergency
Subchapter III - Miscellaneous
§ 57531 Construction and charter of vessels for unsuccessful routes
§ 57532 Operation of experimental vessels
§ 57533 Vessel chartering authority
Part G - Restrictions and Penalties
Chapter 581 - Restrictions and Penalties
§ 58101 Operating in domestic intercoastal or coastwise service
§ 58102 Default on payment or maintenance of reserves
§ 58103 Employing another person as managing or operating agent
§ 58104 Willful violation constitutes breach of contract or charter
§ 58105 Preferences for cargo in which charterer has interest
§ 58106 Concerted discriminatory activities
§ 58107 Discrimination at ports by water common carriers
§ 58108 Charges for transportation subject to subtitle IV of title 49
§ 58109 Penalties
Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Chapter 601 - Arrival and Departure Requirements
§ 60101 Boarding arriving vessels before inspection
§ 60102 Production of certificate on entry
§ 60103 Oath of ownership on entry
§ 60104 Depositing certificates of documentation with consular officers
§ 60105 Clearance of vessels
§ 60106 State inspection laws
§ 60107 Payment of fees on departing vessel
§ 60108 Duty to transport tendered cargo
§ 60109 Duty to transport money and securities of the United States Government
Chapter 603 - Tonnage Taxes and Light Money
§ 60301 Regular tonnage taxes
§ 60302 Special tonnage taxes
§ 60303 Light money
§ 60304 Presidential suspension of tonnage taxes and light money
§ 60305 Vessels in distress
§ 60306 Vessels not engaged in trade
§ 60307 Vessels engaged in coastwise trade or the fisheries
§ 60308 Vessels engaged in Great Lakes trade
§ 60309 Passenger vessels making trips between ports of the United States and foreign ports
§ 60310 Vessels making daily trips on interior waters
§ 60311 Hospital vessels in time of war
§ 60312 Rights under treaties preserved
Chapter 605 - Discriminating Duties and Reciprocal Privileges
§ 60501 Vessels allowed to import
§ 60502 Discriminating duty on goods imported in foreign vessels or from contiguous countries
§ 60503 Reciprocal suspension of discriminating duties
§ 60504 Reciprocal privileges for recreational vessels
§ 60505 Retaliatory suspension of commercial privileges
§ 60506 Retaliation against British dominions of North America
§ 60507 Suspension of free passage through Saint Marys Falls Canal
Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Chapter 701 - Port Security
§ 70101 Definitions
§ 70102 United States facility and vessel vulnerability assessments
§ 70103 Maritime transportation security plans
§ 70104 Transportation security incident response
§ 70105 Transportation security cards
§ 70106 Maritime safety and security teams
§ 70107 Grants
§ 70107A Interagency operational centers for port security
§ 70108 Foreign port assessment
§ 70109 Notifying foreign authorities
§ 70110 Actions and assistance for foreign ports and United States territories
§ 70111 Enhanced crewmember identification
§ 70112 Maritime Security Advisory Committees
§ 70113 Maritime intelligence
§ 70114 Automatic identification systems
§ 70115 Long-range vessel tracking system
§ 70116 Secure systems of transportation
§ 70117 Firearms, arrests, and seizure of property
§ 70118 Enforcement by State and local officers
§ 70119 Civil penalty
§ 70120 In rem liability for civil penalties and certain costs
§ 70121 Withholding of clearance
Chapter 703 - Maritime Security
§ 70301 Definitions
§ 70302 International measures for seaport and vessel security
§ 70303 Security standards at foreign ports
§ 70304 Travel advisories on security at foreign ports
§ 70305 Suspension of passenger services
§ 70306 Report on terrorist threats
Chapter 705 - Maritime Drug Law Enforcement
§ 70501 Findings and declarations
§ 70502 Definitions
§ 70503 Manufacture, distribution, or possession of controlled substances on vessels
§ 70504 Jurisdiction and venue
§ 70505 Failure to comply with international law as a defense
§ 70506 Penalties
§ 70507 Forfeitures
§ 70508 Operation of submersible vessel or semi-submersible vessel without nationality
Subtitle V - Transportation of Mail
Chapter 801 - Wrecks and Salvage
§ 80101 Vessel stranded on foreign coast
§ 80103 Property on Florida coast to be taken to port of entry
§ 80104 Salvaging operations by foreign vessels
§ 80105 Canadian vessels aiding vessels in United States waters
§ 80106 International agreement on derelicts
§ 80107 Salvors of life to share in remuneration
Chapter 803 - Ice and Derelicts
§ 80301 International agreements
§ 80302 Patrol services
§ 80303 Speed of vessel in ice region
Chapter 805 - Safe Containers for International Cargo
§ 80501 Definitions
§ 80502 Application of Convention
§ 80503 General authority of the Secretary
§ 80504 Approval and examination
§ 80505 Enforcement
§ 80506 Delegation of authority
§ 80507 Employee protection
§ 80508 Amendments to Convention
§ 80509 Civil penalty