Code of Alabama - Title 15: Criminal Procedure - Section 15-23-60 - Definitions

Section 15-23-60 - Definitions.

As used in this article, the following words shall have the following meanings:

(1) ACCUSED. A person who has been arrested for committing a criminal offense and who is held for an initial appearance or other proceeding before trial.

(2) APPELLATE PROCEEDING. An oral argument held in open court before the Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals, the Supreme Court of Alabama, a federal court of appeals, or the United States Supreme Court.

(3) ARREST. The actual custodial restraint of a person or his or her submission to custody.

(4) COMMUNITY STATUS. Extension of the limits of the places of confinement of a prisoner through work release, supervised intensive restitution (SIR), and initial consideration of pre-discretionary leave, passes, and furloughs.

(5) COURT. All state courts including juvenile courts.

(6) CRIME VICTIM ADVOCATE. A person who is employed or authorized by a public entity or a private entity that receives public funding primarily to provide counseling, treatment, or other supportive assistance to crime victims.

(7) CRIMINAL OFFENSE. Conduct that gives a law enforcement officer or prosecutor probable cause to believe that a felony involving physical injury, the threat of physical injury, or a sexual offense, or any offense involving spousal abuse or domestic violence has been committed.

(8) CRIMINAL PROCEEDING. A hearing, argument, or other matter scheduled by and held before a trial court but does not include a lineup, grand jury proceeding, or other matter not held in the presence of the court.

(9) CUSTODIAL AGENCY. A municipal or county jail, the State Department of Corrections, juvenile detention facility, Department of Youth Services, the Board of Pardons and Paroles, or a secure mental health facility having custody of a person who is arrested or is in custody for a criminal offense.

(10) DEFENDANT. A person or entity that is formally charged by complaint, indictment, information, or petition, of committing a criminal offense.

(11) FINAL DISPOSITION. The ultimate termination of the criminal prosecution of a defendant by a trial court, including dismissal, acquittal, or imposition of a sentence.

(12) IMMEDIATE FAMILY. The spouse, parent, child, sibling, or grandparent of the victim, unless that person is in custody for an offense or is the accused.

(13) LAWFUL REPRESENTATIVE. A person who is designated by the victim, who is a member of the immediate family, or appointed by the court and who will act in the best interests of the victim.

(14) POST-ARREST RELEASE. The discharge of the accused from confinement on recognizance, bond, or other condition.

(15) POST-CONVICTION RELEASE. Parole, or discharge from confinement by an agency having custody of the prisoner.

(16) POST-CONVICTION RELIEF PROCEEDING. A hearing, argument, or other matter that is held in any court and that involves a request for relief from a conviction, sentence, or adjudication.

(17) PRISONER. A person who has been convicted or adjudicated of a criminal offense against a victim and who has been sentenced to the custody of the sheriff, the Alabama Department of Corrections, Department of Youth Services, juvenile detention facility, a municipal jail, or a secure mental health facility.

(18) RIGHT. Any right granted to the victim by the laws of this state.

(19) VICTIM. A person against whom the criminal offense has been committed, or if the person is killed or incapacitated, the spouse, sibling, parent, child, or guardian of the person, except if the person is in custody for an offense or is the accused.

(Acts 1995, No. 95-583, p. 1234, §1.)

Last modified: May 3, 2021