Code of Alabama - Title 15: Criminal Procedure - Section 15-25-37 - Factors in considering trustworthiness of statement

Section 15-25-37 - Factors in considering trustworthiness of statement.

In determining whether a statement possesses particularized guarantees of trustworthiness under Section 15-25-32(2)b, the court shall consider any one, but is not limited to, the following factors:

(1) The child's personal knowledge of the event;

(2) The age and maturity of the child;

(3) Certainty that the statement was made, including the credibility of the person testifying about the statement;

(4) Any apparent motive the child may have to falsify or distort the event, including bias, corruption, or coercion;

(5) The timing of the child's statement;

(6) Whether more than one person heard the statement;

(7) Whether the child was suffering from pain or distress when making the statement;

(8) The nature and duration of any alleged abuse;

(9) Whether the child's young age makes it unlikely that the child fabricated a statement that represents a graphic, detailed account beyond the child's knowledge and experience;

(10) Whether the statement has a "ring of verity," has an internal consistency or coherence, and uses terminology appropriate to the child's age;

(11) Whether the statement is spontaneous or directly responsive to questions;

(12) Whether the statement is suggestive due to improperly leading questions;

(13) Whether extrinsic evidence exists to show the defendant's opportunity to commit the act complained of in the child's statement.

(Acts 1989, No. 89-876, p. 1754, §7.)

Last modified: May 3, 2021