Code of Alabama - Title 45: Local Laws - Section 45-16A-20 - Definitions

Section 45-16A-20 - Definitions.

As used in this article, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(1) ALARM MONITORING SERVICE. A service that uses a device located at a residence, place of business, or other fixed premises for both of the following purposes:

a. To receive signals from other devices located at or about the premises regarding a possible threat at the premises to life, safety, or property, from burglary, fire, vandalism, bodily injury, or other emergency.

b. To transmit a signal regarding any threat by means of transmission facilities of a municipality, municipal instrumentality, local exchange carrier, or one of its affiliates to a remote monitoring center to alert a person at the center of the need to inform the customer or another person or police, fire, rescue, security, or public safety personnel of the threat, but does not include a service that uses a medical monitoring device attached to an individual for the automatic surveillance of an ongoing medical condition.

(2) CABLE SERVICE. A service that provides both of the following:

a. The one-way or bi-directional transmission to subscribers of video programming or other programming service.

b. Subscriber interaction, if any, which is required for the selection or use of the video programming or other programming service, and shall include, without limitation, digital services, utilization of fiber optics, broadband services, use of data packets, and use of wireless methods to provide cable service.

(3) CABLE SYSTEM. A facility, consisting of a set of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, reception, and control equipment that is designed to provide cable service which includes video programming and which is provided to multiple subscribers within a community, but the term does not include any of the following:

a. A facility that serves only to retransmit the television signals of one or more television broadcast stations.

b. A facility of a common carrier which is subject, in whole or in part, to the provisions of subchapter II of Chapter 5 of Title 47, U.S.C., as the provisions thereof read on August 1, 2000, except that the facility shall be considered a cable system to the extent the facility is used in the transmission of video programming directly to subscribers, unless the extent of the use is solely to provide interactive on-demand services.

c. An open video system that complies with the provisions of 47 U.S.C. § 573, as the provisions thereof read on August 1, 2000.

d. Any facilities of any electric utility used for operating its electric utility system.

(4) CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT. Equipment employed on the premises of a person, other than a telecommunications service provider, to originate, route, or terminate telecommunications.

(5) INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICE. Any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and the systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions.

(6) INTERNET. The international computer network of both federal and non-federal interoperable packet switched data networks.

(7) MUNICIPAL INSTRUMENTALITY or INSTRUMENTALITY OF A MUNICIPALITY. Any one or more public corporations incorporated pursuant to the provisions of any of the following:

a. Article 9, commencing with Section 11-50-310, of Chapter 50, Title 11, as amended.

b. Article 15, commencing with Section 11-50-490, of Chapter 50, Title 11, as amended.

c. Chapter 7, Title 39, as amended.

d. A local act providing that the governing body of the public corporation is to be appointed by the governing body of a municipality and that the public corporation is authorized to furnish electric service to consumers for ultimate consumption.

e. Chapter 50A, Title 11, as amended.

(8) MUNICIPALITY. The incorporated City of Elba.

(9) TELECOMMUNICATIONS. The transmission, between or among points specified by the user, of information of the user's choosing, without change in the form or content of the information as sent and received.

(10) TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER. Any provider of telecommunications services, except that the term does not include aggregators of telecommunications services as defined in the provisions of 47 U.S.C. § 226 as the provisions thereof read on August 1, 2000.

(11) TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT. Equipment, other than customer premises equipment, used by a provider of telecommunications to provide telecommunications services, and includes software integral to the equipment, including upgrades.

(12) TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE. The offering of telecommunications, including servicing and repairing related equipment, for a fee directly to the public, or to the classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public regardless of the facilities used, including, but not limited to, voice, data, imaging, and video transmissions and local telephone exchange service.

(13) TELEPHONE EXCHANGE SERVICE. Either of the following:

a. Service within a telephone exchange, or within a connected system of telephone exchanges within the same exchange area operated to furnish to subscribers intercommunicating service of the character ordinarily furnished by a single exchange, and which is covered by the exchange service charge.

b. Comparable service provided through a system of switches, transmission equipment, or other facilities, or combination thereof, by which a subscriber can originate and terminate a telecommunications service.

(Act 2000-369, p. 577, §1.)

Last modified: May 3, 2021