Ex parte LAW et al. - Page 3




              Appeal No. 1996-1362                                                                                     
              Application 08/234,074                                                                                   


              Bonetzkaya et al. (Bonetzkaya), "Adsorption of Aliphatic Alcohols from Solutions on Silica               
              Gel and "White Soot"," Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR, (Phys. Chem. Engl. Transl.), Vol. 114, pp.                 
              421-424 (1957).                                                                                          
                                             GROUND OF REJECTION                                                       

                     Claims 1-3, 6-11, 17-27, and 30-32 stand rejected under 35 U.S.C.  103.  As                      
              evidence of obviousness, the examiner relies on Matsumura, Akiyama, Tomono, Creatura,                    
              Jugle, Ketcham, Ong, and Bonetzkaya.                                                                     
                                                   BACKGROUND                                                          

                     The invention is described at pages 5-6 of the specification as being directed to                 
              improved toner and developer compositions containing modified silica particles having                    
              long chain aliphatic alcohols adsorbed thereon.  The treated silica is said to provide a                 
              toner composition having an improved resistance to relative humidity and excellent flow                  
              characteristics.                                                                                         
                                                    DISCUSSION                                                         

                                               Procedural Background                                                   
                     On March 24, 2000, the Board issued an initial decision in this appeal wherein we                 
              reversed the pending rejection of claims 4 and 32 under 35 U.S.C.  112, second                          
              paragraph, and remanded the application for further consideration of the rejection under                 
              35 U.S.C.  103.  In that decision, we urged the examiner to obtain translations of the full             
              text documents which were abstracted by the abstracts of Okuno and Matsumura.  On April                  


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