Ex parte NILSSEN - Page 8




          Appeal No. 1997-2289                                                        
          Application 08/395,691                                                      


          13, 16, 18 and 19 over Anderson.                                            
               Rejections under 35 U.S.C.  103                                       
               There are two separate groups of claims rejected over two              
          separate combinations of references.  However, we first                     
          outline the criteria for a rejection under 35 U.S.C.  103.                 
          As a general proposition in an appeal involving a rejection                 
          under 35 U.S.C.  103, an Examiner is under a burden to make                
          out a prima facie case of obviousness.  If that burden is met,              
          the burden of going forward then shifts to the applicant to                 
          overcome the prima facie case with argument and/or evidence.                
          Obviousness is then determined on the basis of the evidence as              
          a whole and the relative persuasiveness of the arguments.  See              
          In re Oetiker, 977 F.2d 1443, 1445, 24 USPQ2d 1443, 1444 (Fed.              
          Cir. 1992); In re Hedges, 783 F.2d 1038, 1039, 228 USPQ 685,                
          686 (Fed. Cir. 1986); In re Piasecki, 745 F.2d 1468, 1472, 223              
          USPQ 785, 788 (Fed. Cir. 1984); and In re Rinehart, 531 F.2d                
          1048, 1052, 189 USPQ 143, 147 (CCPA 1976).                                  







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