Ex parte KADOWAKI - Page 9

          Appeal No. 1997-3965                                                        
          Application No. 08/389,069                                                  

          skew angle.  Since Yamada has a constant skew angle, no                     
          selection of an appropriate track is required.  Applying the                
          teachings of Yamada to the combination discussed above, there               
          is no motivation in any of the references to select a track                 
          where the skew angle is non-zero, so that the rails can be                  
          aligned at that skew angle and the slider body can be aligned               
          parallel to the tangent to the track.                                       
          The examiner relies on Toensing's slider body being parallel                
          to an intermediate track, but the application of Kuroda and                 
          Ono eliminates Toensing's angular relationship, and no                      
          reference teaches a reason to reestablish a zero degree angle               
          between the slider body and the intermediate track.                         
          Accordingly, we agree with appellant that the examiner lacks                
          the motivation to maintain the angular relationship between                 
          the slider body and the tangent to an intermediate track.                   
               We note that were we to apply the teachings of Yamada to               
          Toensing first, before applying Kuroda and Ono, we would reach              
          the same conclusion.  Toensing has the rails and slider body                
          at a zero degree angle to the tangent to an intermediate                    
          track.  Yamada teaches obliquely aligning the rails on the                  
          slider body at the skew angle so as to orient the slider                    

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