Ex parte FUTO et al. - Page 2




                   Appeal No. 1999-1165                                                                                               Page 2                        
                   Application No. 08/753,174                                                                                                                       


                                                                      BACKGROUND                                                                                    
                            The appellants’ invention relates to a wrench for rotating a plastic slip nut in a                                                      
                   plumbing drain system.  An understanding of the invention can be derived from a reading                                                          
                   of exemplary claim 1, which appears in the appendix to the appellants’ Brief.                                                                    
                            The prior art references of record relied upon by the examiner in rejecting the                                                         
                   appealed claims are:                                                                                                                             
                   Vlasak  et al. (Vlasak)                         2,607,248                                       Aug. 19, 1952                                    
                   Kolacinski                                      2,990,213                                       Jun.  27, 1961                                   
                   Pennington                                      4,504,087                                       Mar. 12, 1985                                    
                   Vollers                                         4,509,784                                       Apr.    9, 1985                                  
                   Moulin                                          4,749,251                                       Jun.    7, 1988                                  
                   Goss                                            5,279,190                                       Jan.  18, 1994                                   
                   Gilbert, Jr. (Gilbert)                          5,531,141                                       Jul.    2, 1996                                  
                            The following rejections stand under 35 U.S.C.  103:                                                                                   
                   (1) Claims 1, 3-5, 8-11, 15, 17, 20 and 21 on the basis of Vollers in view of any of                                                             
                   Moulin, Goss or Gilbert.                                                                                                                         
                   (2) Claim 7 on the basis of the references applied against claim 1 et al. taken further in                                                       
                   view of Kolacinski.                                                                                                                              
                   (3) Claim 16 on the basis of the references applied against claim 1 et al. taken further                                                         
                   in view of Vlasak.                                                                                                                               
                   (4) Claim 18 on the basis of the references applied against claim 1 et al. taken further                                                         
                   in view of Gilbert.                                                                                                                              
                            Rather than reiterate the conflicting viewpoints advanced by the examiner and the                                                       
                   appellants regarding the above-noted rejections, we make reference to the Answer (Paper                                                          









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