Ex parte GRABHORN - Page 17




          Appeal No. 1999-2446                                      Page 17           
          Application No. 08/705,592                                                  


          burden since the declarant's statements that "the woven                     
          willows of Scott are smooth enough to adhere together when                  
          wet" and that "[t]hey form a confluent mass that will block                 
          water flow instead of filtering it" are conclusions                         
          unsupported by any factual evidence.  Affidavits and                        
          declarations fail in their purpose when they recite                         
          conclusions with few facts to buttress the conclusions.  See                
          In re Brandstadter, 484 F.2d 1395, 1406, 179 USPQ 286, 294                  
          (CCPA 1973), In re Thompson, 545 F.2d 1290, 1295, 192 USPQ                  
          275, 277-78 (CCPA 1976) and In re DeBlauwe, 736 F.2d 699, 705,              
          222 USPQ 191, 196 (Fed. Cir. 1984).                                         


               As noted above, Scott does teach all the limitations of                
          claim 6.  A disclosure that anticipates under 35 U.S.C.  102               
          also renders the claim unpatentable under 35 U.S.C.  103, for              
          "anticipation is the epitome of obviousness."  Jones v. Hardy,              
          727 F.2d 1524, 1529, 220 USPQ 1021, 1025 (Fed. Cir. 1984).                  
          See also In re Fracalossi, 681 F.2d 792, 794, 215 USPQ 569,                 
          571 (CCPA 1982); In re Pearson, 494 F.2d 1399, 1402, 181 USPQ               
          641, 644 (CCPA 1974).  Thus, we sustain the examiner's                      









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