Abuse of client; failure to report abuse; possession or use of intoxicating beverage or controlled substance; transaction with client; aiding escape of client; penalties.
1. An employee of a public or private mental health facility or any other person, except a client, who:
(a) Has reason to believe that a client of the Division or of a private facility offering mental health services has been or is being abused or neglected and fails to report it;
(b) Brings intoxicating beverages or a controlled substance into any division facility occupied by clients unless specifically authorized to do so by the administrative officer or a staff physician of the facility;
(c) Is under the influence of liquor or a controlled substance while employed in contact with clients, unless in accordance with a lawfully issued prescription;
(d) Enters into any transaction with a client involving the transfer of money or property for personal use or gain at the expense of the client; or
(e) Contrives the escape, elopement or absence of a client,
Ęis guilty of a misdemeanor, in addition to any other penalties provided by law.
2. In addition to any other penalties provided by law, an employee of a public or private mental health facility or any other person, except a client, who willfully abuses or neglects a client:
(a) For a first violation that does not result in substantial bodily harm to the client, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
(b) For a first violation that results in substantial bodily harm to the client, is guilty of a category B felony.
(c) For a second or subsequent violation, is guilty of a category B felony.
ĘA person convicted of a category B felony pursuant to this section shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a minimum term of not less than 1 year and a maximum term of not more than 6 years, or by a fine of not more than $5,000, or by both fine and imprisonment.
3. A person who is convicted pursuant to this section is ineligible for 5 years for appointment to or employment in a position in the state service and, if he is an officer or employee of the State, he forfeits his office or position.
4. A conviction pursuant to this section is, when applicable, grounds for disciplinary action against the person so convicted and the facility where the violation occurred. The Division may recommend to the appropriate agency or board the suspension or revocation of the professional license, registration, certificate or permit of a person convicted pursuant to this section.
5. For the purposes of this section:
(a) “Abuse” means any willful and unjustified infliction of pain, injury or mental anguish upon a client, including, but not limited to:
(1) The rape, sexual assault or sexual exploitation of the client;
(2) The use of any type of aversive intervention;
(3) Except as otherwise provided in NRS 433.5486, a violation of NRS 433.549; and
(4) The use of physical, chemical or mechanical restraints or the use of seclusion in violation of federal law.
ĘAny act which meets the standard of practice for care and treatment does not constitute abuse.
(b) “Client” includes any person who seeks, on his own or others’ initiative, and can benefit from, care, treatment and training in a public or private institution or facility offering mental health services, or from treatment to competency in a public or private institution or facility offering mental health services. The term includes a client of the Division of Child and Family Services of the Department.
(c) “Neglect” means any omission to act which causes injury to a client or which places the client at risk of injury, including, but not limited to, the failure to follow:
(1) An appropriate plan of treatment to which the client has consented; and
(2) The policies of the facility for the care and treatment of clients.
ĘAny omission to act which meets the standard of practice for care and treatment does not constitute neglect.
(d) “Standard of practice” means the skill and care ordinarily exercised by prudent professional personnel engaged in health care.
Last modified: February 27, 2006