17:11C-36 Open-end consumer loans; conditions, terms.
36. a. A licensee authorized to engage in the consumer loan business may make open-end consumer loans and may contract for, and receive thereon, interest at an annual percentage rate or rates agreed to by the licensee and the borrower.
b.A consumer lender shall not compound interest on an open-end consumer loan by adding any unpaid interest authorized by this act to the principal balance of the borrower's account but the unpaid principal balance may include other charges permitted by this act.
c.Interest on an open-end consumer loan shall be computed in each billing cycle by one of the following methods:
(1)By converting each yearly rate to a daily rate and multiplying that daily rate by the applicable portion of the daily unpaid principal balance of the account, in which case each daily rate is determined by dividing each yearly rate by 365; or
(2)By multiplying one-twelfth of each yearly rate by the applicable portion of the average daily unpaid principal balance of the account in the billing cycle, in which case the average daily unpaid principal balance is the sum of the amount unpaid each day during the cycle divided by the number of days in the cycle; or
(3)By converting each yearly rate to a daily rate and multiplying that daily rate by the applicable portion of the average daily unpaid principal balance of the account in the billing cycle, in which case each daily rate is determined by dividing each yearly rate by 365, and the average daily unpaid principal balance is the sum of the amount unpaid each day during the cycle divided by the number of days in the cycle.
d.For all of the above methods of computation, the billing cycle shall be monthly and the unpaid principal balance on any day shall be determined by adding to any balance unpaid as of the beginning of that day all advances and other permissible amounts charged to the borrower and deducting all payments and other credits made or received that day.
e.In an open-end consumer loan, the borrower may at any time pay all or any part of the unpaid balance in his account; or, if the account is not in default, the borrower may pay the unpaid principal balance in monthly installments, subject to the following minimum payment requirements. Minimum monthly payments shall be in an amount which would result in the full repayment of the initial loan advance, exclusive of any interest, within the maximum term set forth for other loans of the same amount in section 35 of this act, except that the minimum payment for any initial advance not exceeding $2,500 shall be in an amount which would result in full repayment of the initial loan advance within the maximum term of 48 months and 15 days. This minimum payment shall continue at that amount until such time as an additional advance to the borrower is made, other than for permitted charges, at which time the minimum monthly payment shall be determined and shall be in that amount which would result in the full repayment of the unpaid principal balance of the loan, after the advance and including the advance, within the maximum term set forth for the other loans of the same amount, except that if the principal balance of the loan, after the advance and including the advance, does not exceed $2,500, the minimum payment shall be in that amount which would result in full repayment of the principal balance of the loan within the maximum term of 48 months and 15 days. Minimum payments after each subsequent advance shall be determined in the same manner. No minimum payment shall exceed the amount required to pay the balance in full, including unpaid interest and charges to date.
f.In addition to interest, a licensee may contract for and receive on an open-end consumer loan the charges permitted under this act for other consumer loans, subject to all the conditions and restrictions on those charges, with the following variations:
(1)If credit life, disability or involuntary unemployment insurance is provided pursuant to section 21 of P.L.1996, c.157 (C.17:11C-21) and if the insured dies or becomes disabled or involuntarily unemployed when there is an outstanding open-end loan indebtedness, the insurance shall be sufficient to pay the total balance of the loan due on the date of the borrower's death in the case of credit life insurance, all minimum payments which become due on the loan during the covered period of disability in the case of credit disability insurance or all covered minimum payments which become due on the loan during the covered period of involuntary unemployment in the case of involuntary unemployment insurance. The additional charge for credit life insurance, credit disability insurance or credit involuntary unemployment insurance shall be calculated in each billing cycle by applying the current monthly premium rate for that insurance, as determined by the commissioner, to the unpaid balances in the borrower's account, using any of the methods specified in subsection c. of this section for the calculation of interest;
(2)No credit life, disability or involuntary unemployment insurance written in connection with an open-end loan shall be canceled by the licensee because of delinquency of the borrower in the making of the required minimum payments on the loan unless one or more of the payments is past due for a period of 90 days or more; and the licensee shall advance to the insurer the amounts required to keep the insurance in force during that period, which amounts may be debited to the borrower's account.
g.A consumer lender may take a security interest in personal property to secure an open-end consumer loan. Any security may be retained until the open-end account is terminated, except that if the security interest covers consumer goods, then within one month, or within 10 days following written demand by the borrower, after there is no outstanding balance in the account and no commitment by the licensee to make advances, the licensee shall release the security interest. If a security interest is taken, the open-end consumer loan agreement shall state the nature and extent of that security interest.
h.No licensee in connection with an open-end consumer loan shall take any confession of judgment or power of attorney, or take any instrument in which blanks are left to be filled in after the loan is made.
L.1996, c.157, s.36; amended 2009, c.53, s.56.
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Last modified: October 11, 2016