17:30A-5 Definitions relative to the Property-Liability Insurance Guaranty Association.
5.As used in this act:
"Affiliate" means a person who directly, or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with an insolvent insurer on December 31 of the year immediately preceding the date the insurer becomes an insolvent insurer;
"Association" means the New Jersey Property-Liability Insurance Guaranty Association created under section 6;
"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Banking and Insurance of this State;
"Covered claim" means an unpaid claim, including one of unearned premiums, which arises out of and is within the coverage, and not in excess of the applicable limits of an insurance policy to which this act applies, issued by an insurer, if such insurer becomes an insolvent insurer after January 1, 1974, and (1) the claimant or insured is a resident of this State at the time of the insured event provided that for an entity other than an individual, the residence of the claimant or insured is the state in which its principal place of business was located at the time of the insured event; or (2) the claim is a first party claim made by an insured for damage to property with a permanent location in this State.
"Covered claim" shall not include: (1) any amount due any reinsurer, insurer, insurance pool, or underwriting association, as subrogation recoveries or otherwise; provided, that a claim for any such amount, asserted against a person insured under a policy issued by an insurer which has become an insolvent insurer, which, if it were not a claim by or for the benefit of a reinsurer, insurer, insurance pool, or underwriting association, would be a "covered claim," may be filed directly with the receiver of the insolvent insurer, but in no event may any such claim be asserted in any legal action against the insured of such insolvent insurer; (2) amounts for interest on unliquidated claims; (3) punitive damages unless covered by the policy; (4) counsel fees for prosecuting suits for claims against the association;(5) assessments or charges for failure of such insolvent insurer to have expeditiously settled claims; (6) counsel fees and other claim expenses incurred prior to the date of insolvency; (7) a claim filed with the association, liquidator or receiver of an insolvent insurer after the final date set by the court for the filing of claims against the liquidator or receiver of an insolvent insurer or, in the event a final date is not set by the court for the filing of claims against the liquidator or receiver of an insolvent insurer, two years from the date of the order of liquidation, unless the claimant demonstrates unusual hardship and the commissioner approves of treatment of the claim as a "covered claim." "Unusual hardship" shall be defined in regulations promulgated by the commissioner. With respect to insurer insolvencies pending as of the effective date of P.L.2004, c.175, a "covered claim" shall not include a claim filed with the association, liquidator or receiver of an insolvent insurer: (a) more than one year after the effective date of P.L.2004, c.175; or (b) the date set by the court for the filing of claims against the liquidator or receiver of the insolvent insurer, whichever date occurs later;
and (8) any first party claim by an insured whose net worth exceeds $25 million on December 31 of the year prior to the year in which the insurer becomes an insolvent insurer; provided that an insured's net worth on that date shall be deemed to include the aggregate net worth of the insured and all of its affiliates as calculated on a consolidated basis;
"Credit insurance" means credit life, credit disability, credit property, credit unemployment, involuntary unemployment, mortgage life, mortgage guaranty, mortgage disability, automobile dealer gap insurance and any other form of insurance offered in connection with an extension of credit that the commissioner determines should be designated a form of credit insurance;
"Exhaust" means with respect to other insurance, the application of a credit for the maximum limit under the policy, except that in any case in which continuous indivisible injury or property damage occurs over a period of years as a result of exposure to injurious conditions, exhaustion shall be deemed to have occurred only after a credit for the maximum limits under all other coverages, primary and excess, if applicable, issued in all other years has been applied. With respect to health insurance and workers' compensation insurance, "exhaust" means the application of a credit for the amount of recovery under the insurance policy. With respect to another insurance guaranty association or its equivalent, "exhaust" means the application of a credit for the maximum statutory limit of recovery from that other guaranty association or its equivalent. The amount of a covered claim payable by the association shall be reduced by the amount of any applicable credits;
"Insolvent insurer" means (1) a licensed insurer admitted pursuant to R.S.17:32-1 et seq. or authorized pursuant to R.S.17:17-1 et seq., or P.L.1945, c.161 (C.17:50-1 et seq.) to transact the business of insurance in this State either at the time the policy was issued or when the insured event occurred, and (2) against whom an order of liquidation has been entered with a finding of insolvency by a court of competent jurisdiction. "Insolvent insurer" does not include any unauthorized or nonadmitted insurer whether or not deemed eligible for surplus lines pursuant to P.L.1960, c.32 (C.17:22-6.37 et seq.);
"Member insurer" means any person who (1) writes any kind of insurance to which this act applies under section 2 b. including the exchange of reciprocal or interinsurance contracts and (2) is a licensed insurer admitted or authorized to transact the business of insurance in this State. "Member insurer" does not include any unauthorized or nonadmitted insurer whether or not deemed eligible for surplus lines pursuant to P.L.1960, c.32 (C.17:22-6.37 et seq.);
"Net direct written premiums" means direct gross premiums written in this State on insurance policies to which this act applies, less return premiums thereon and dividends paid or credited to policyholders on such direct business. "Net direct written premiums" does not include premiums on contracts between insurers or reinsurers, and does not include premiums on policies issued by an insurer as a member of the New Jersey Insurance Underwriting Association pursuant to P.L.1968, c.129 (C.17:37A-1 et seq.);
"Ocean marine insurance" means any form of insurance, regardless of the name, label or marketing designation of the insurance policy, which insures against maritime perils or risks and other related perils or risks, which are usually insured against by traditional marine insurance, such as hull and machinery, marine builders risk, and marine protection and indemnity. Perils and risks insured against include, without limitation, loss damage, expense or legal liability of the insured for loss, damage or expense arising out of or incident to ownership, operation, chartering, maintenance, use, repair or construction of any vessel, craft or instrumentality in use in ocean or inland waterways for commercial purposes, including liability of the insured for personal injury, illness or death or for loss or damage to the property of the insured or another person; and
"Person" means any individual, corporation, partnership, association or voluntary organization.
L.1974,c.17,s.5; amended 1974, c.107; 1979, c.448, s.2; 1981, c.201, s.3; 1996, c.156, s.1; 2004, c.175, s.2.
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Last modified: October 11, 2016