As used in ORS 453.005 to 453.135 unless the context requires otherwise:
(1) “Combustible” means any substance that has a flash point above 80 degrees Fahrenheit to and including 140 degrees, as determined by the Tagliabue Open Cup Tester.
(2) “Commerce” means any and all commerce within the State of Oregon and subject to the jurisdiction thereof and includes the operation of any business or service establishment.
(3) “Corrosive” means any substance that in contact with living tissue will cause destruction of tissue by chemical action, but does not refer to action on inanimate surfaces.
(4) “Electrical hazard” means an article that because of its design or manufacture may cause personal injury or illness by electric shock when in normal use or when subjected to reasonably foreseeable damage or abuse.
(5) “Extremely flammable” means any substance that has a flash point at or below 20 degrees Fahrenheit as determined by the Tagliabue Open Cup Tester.
(6) “Flammable” means any substance that has a flash point of above 20 degrees to and including 80 degrees Fahrenheit, as determined by the Tagliabue Open Cup Tester.
(7) “Hazardous substance” means:
(a) Any substance that is toxic, corrosive, an irritant, a strong sensitizer, flammable, combustible, or generates pressure through decomposition, heat or other means, if such substance or mixture of substances may cause substantial personal injury or substantial illness during or as a proximate result of any customary or reasonably foreseeable handling or use, including reasonably foreseeable ingestion by children, or any substance that the Director of Human Services finds, pursuant to the provisions of ORS 453.005 to 453.135, comes within the definition of this paragraph.
(b) Any radioactive substance, if, with respect to such substance as used in a particular class of article or as packaged, the director determines that the substance is sufficiently hazardous to require labeling in accordance with ORS 453.005 to 453.135 in order to protect the public health. However, “hazardous substance” does not include any source material, special nuclear material, or by-product material as defined in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and regulations issued pursuant thereto by the Atomic Energy Commission.
(c) Any toy or other article intended for use by children that the director determines in accordance with ORS 453.055 presents an electrical, thermal or mechanical hazard.
(d) Any article that is not pesticide within the meaning of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act or regulated under ORS 616.335 to 616.385, but that is a hazardous substance within the meaning of paragraph (a) of this subsection by reason of bearing or containing pesticide.
(e) The following brominated flame retardant chemicals:
(A) Pentabrominated diphenyl ether; and
(B) Octabrominated diphenyl ether.
(8) “Highly toxic” means any substance that falls within any of the following categories:
(a) Produces death within 14 days in one-half or more of a group of 10 or more laboratory white rats each weighing between 200 and 300 grams, at a single dose of 50 milligrams or less per kilogram of body weight, when orally administered;
(b) Produces death within 14 days in one-half or more of a group of 10 or more laboratory white rats each weighing between 200 and 300 grams, when inhaled continuously for a period of one hour or less at an atmosphere concentration of 200 parts per million by volume or less of gas or vapor or two milligrams per liter by volume or less of mist or dust, provided such concentration is likely to be encountered by humans when the substance is used in any reasonably foreseeable manner; or
(c) Produces death within 14 days in one-half or more of a group of 10 or more rabbits tested in a dosage of 200 milligrams or less per kilogram of body weight, when administered by continuous contact with the bare skin for 24 hours or less.
(9) “Immediate container” does not include package liners.
(10) “Irritant” means any substance not corrosive within the meaning of subsection (3) of this section, but that on immediate, prolonged, or repeated contact with normal living tissue will induce a local inflammatory reaction.
(11) “Label” means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any substance, or in the case of an article that is unpackaged or is not packaged in an immediate container intended or suitable for delivery to the ultimate consumer, a display of such matter directly on the article involved or on a tag or other suitable material affixed thereto, and a requirement made by or under authority of ORS 453.005 to 453.135 that any word, statement, or other information appearing on the label shall not be considered to be complied with unless such word, statement, or other information also appears on the outside container or wrapper, if any, unless it is easily legible through the outside container or wrapper and on all accompanying literature where there are directions for use, written or otherwise.
(12) “Mechanical hazard” means an article that in normal use or when subjected to reasonably foreseeable damage or abuse presents an unreasonable risk of personal injury or illness, by its design or manufacture:
(a) From fracture, fragmentation, or disassembly of the article;
(b) From propulsion of the article or any part or accessory thereof;
(c) From points or other protrusions, surfaces, edges, openings, or closures;
(d) From moving parts;
(e) From lack or insufficiency of controls to reduce or stop motion;
(f) As a result of self-adhering characteristics of the article;
(g) Because the article or any part or accessory thereof may be aspirated or ingested;
(h) Because of instability; or
(i) Because of any other aspect of the article’s design or manufacture.
(13) “Misbranded hazardous substance” means a hazardous substance that does not meet the labeling requirements of ORS 453.035.
(14) “Poison” means:
(a) Arsenic and its preparations;
(b) Corrosive sublimate;
(c) Cyanides and preparations, including hydrocyanic acid;
(d) Hydrochloric acid and any preparation containing free or chemically unneutralized hydrochloric acid (HCl) in a concentration of 10 percent or more;
(e) Nitric acid or any preparation containing free or chemically unneutralized nitric acid (HNO3) in a concentration of five percent or more;
(g) Sulfuric acid and any preparation containing free or chemically unneutralized sulfuric acid (H2SO4) in a concentration of 10 percent or more;
(h) Solution of ammonia, U.S.P. 28 percent; or
(i) Carbolic acid.
(15) “Radioactive substance” means a substance that emits ionizing radiation.
(16) “Strong sensitizer” means a substance that will cause on normal living tissue, through an allergic or photodynamic process, a hypersensitivity that becomes evident on reapplication of the same substances and that is designated as such by the Director of Human Services.
(17) “Thermal hazard” means an article that, in normal use or when subjected to reasonably foreseeable damage or abuse, because of its design or manufacture presents an unreasonable risk of personal injury or illness because of heat as from heated parts, substances or surfaces.
(18) “Toxic substance” means any substance, other than radioactive substance, that has the capacity to produce personal injury or illness to humans through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through any body surface. [1971 c.409 §1; 1993 c.18 §111; 2005 c.496 §1]Section: Previous 453.001 453.005 453.010 453.015 453.020 453.025 453.030 453.035 453.040 453.045 453.050 453.055 453.060 453.065 453.070 Next
Last modified: August 7, 2008