15 Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes § 8945 - Indemnification

§ 8945. Indemnification.

(a) General rule.--Subject to such standards and restrictions, if any, as are set forth in the operating agreement, a limited liability company may and shall have the power to indemnify and hold harmless any member or manager or other person from and against any and all claims and demands whatsoever.

(b) When indemnification is not to be made.--Indemnification under subsection (a) shall not be made in any case where the act giving rise to the claim for indemnification is determined by a court to have constituted willful misconduct or recklessness. The certificate of organization or operating agreement may not provide for indemnification in the case of willful misconduct or recklessness.

(c) Grounds.--Indemnification under subsection (a) may be granted for any action taken and may be made whether or not the company would have the power to indemnify the person under any other provision of law except as provided in this section and whether or not the indemnified liability arises or arose from any threatened, pending or completed action by or in the right of the company. Such indemnification is declared to be consistent with the public policy of this Commonwealth.

(d) Payment of expenses.--Expenses incurred by a member, manager or other person in defending any action or proceeding against which indemnification may be made under this section may be paid by the company in advance of the final disposition of such action or proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such person to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that he is not entitled to be indemnified by the company.

(e) Rights to indemnification.--The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by or granted under this section shall, unless otherwise provided when authorized or ratified, continue as to a person who has ceased to serve in the capacity as to which he was indemnified and shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executors and administrators of such person.

(f) Mandatory indemnification.--Without regard to whether indemnification or advancement of expenses is provided under subsections (a) and (d), a limited liability company shall be subject to section 8331(2) (relating to rules determining rights and duties of partners), and both the members and the managers, if any, shall be deemed to be general partners for purposes of applying that section.

(June 22, 2001, P.L.418, No.34, eff. 60 days)

2001 Amendment. Act 34 added subsec. (f).

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Last modified: October 8, 2016