Subject to section 817 of this title (article 17), general courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this chapter for any offense made punishable by this chapter and may, under such limitations as the President may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this chapter, including the penalty of death when specifically authorized by this chapter. General courts-martial also have jurisdiction to try any person who by the law of war is subject to trial by a military tribunal and may adjudge any punishment permitted by the law of war. However, a general court-martial of the kind specified in section 816(1)(B) of this title (article 16(1)(B)) shall not have jurisdiction to try any person for any offense for which the death penalty may be adjudged unless the case has been previously referred to trial as a noncapital case.
(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 43; Pub. L. 90–632, §2(4), Oct. 24, 1968, 82 Stat. 1335; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XVII, §1705(b), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 959.)
Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XVII, §1705(b), (c), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 959, 960, provided that, effective 180 days after Dec. 26, 2013, and applicable to offenses specified in section 856(b)(2) of this title committed on or after that date, this section is amended:
(1) by inserting "(a)" before the first sentence;
(2) in the third sentence, by striking "However, a general court-martial" and inserting the following: "(b) A general court-martial"; and
(3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
(c) Consistent with sections 819, 820, and 856(b) of this title (articles 19, 20, and 56(b)), only general courts-martial have jurisdiction over an offense specified in section 856(b)(2) of this title (article 56(b)(2)).
See 2013 Amendment note below.
|Revised section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|818||50:578.||May 5, 1950, ch. 169, §1 (Art. 18), 64 Stat. 114.|
Last modified: October 26, 2015