Cite as: 508 U. S. 248 (1993)
Opinion of the Court
and "legal" relief throughout ERISA. ERISA § 502(l), which authorizes the Secretary of Labor to assess a civil penalty based on the monetary recovery in actions against "other person[s]" who knowingly participate in a breach of fiduciary duty, can be given meaningful content without adopting petitioners' theory. Pp. 251-263. 948 F. 2d 607, affirmed.
Scalia, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Blackmun, Kennedy, Souter, and Thomas, JJ., joined. White, J., filed a dissenting opinion, in which Rehnquist, C. J., and Stevens and O'Connor, JJ., joined, post, p. 263.
Alfred H. Sigman argued the cause for petitioners. With him on the brief were Dan Feinberg, Jeffrey W. Kobrick, and Joseph L. Kociubes.
Ronald J. Mann argued the cause for the United States as amicus curiae urging reversal. With him on the brief were Solicitor General Starr, Deputy Solicitor General Mahoney, Allen H. Feldman, Nathaniel I. Spiller, and Mark S. Flynn.
Steven H. Frankel argued the cause for respondent. With
him on the brief were Duane C. Quaini, Elpidio Villarreal, C. Lawrence Connolly III, and John M. Ryan.*
Justice Scalia delivered the opinion of the Court. The question presented is whether a nonfiduciary who knowingly participates in the breach of a fiduciary duty imposed by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), 88 Stat. 832, as amended, 29 U. S. C. § 1001
*Steven S. Zaleznick and Cathy Ventrell-Monsees filed a brief for the American Association of Retired Persons as amicus curiae urging reversal.
Briefs of amici curiae urging affirmance were filed for the American Academy of Actuaries by Lauren M. Bloom; for the American Council of Life Insurance by James F. Jorden, Waldemar J. Pflepsen, Jr., Stephen H. Goldberg, Richard E. Barnsback, Stephen W. Kraus, and Phillip E. Stano; for the American Society of Pension Actuaries by Chester J. Salkind; and for Booke and Company et al. by Paul J. Ondrasik, Jr., Suzanne E. Meeker, and Ellen A. Hennessy.
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