Thunder Basin Coal Co. v. Reich, 510 U.S. 200, 14 (1994)

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Cite as: 510 U. S. 200 (1994)

Opinion of the Court

judicial review. See Traynor v. Turnage, 485 U. S. 535, 544- 545 (1988) (statutory prohibition of all judicial review of Veterans Administration benefits determinations did not preclude jurisdiction over an otherwise unreviewable collateral statutory claim); Bowen v. Michigan Academy of Family Physicians, 476 U. S. 667, 678-680 (1986); Johnson v. Robison, 415 U. S. 361, 373-374 (1974); Oestereich v. Selective Serv. System Local Bd. No. 11, 393 U. S. 233, 237-238 (1968); Leedom v. Kyne, 358 U. S. 184, 190 (1958) (upholding injunction of agency action where petitioners had "no other means, within their control . . . to protect and enforce that right"). In Mathews v. Eldridge, for example, it was held that 42 U. S. C. 405(g), which requires exhaustion of administrative remedies before the denial of Social Security disability benefits may be challenged in district court, was not intended to bar federal jurisdiction over a due process challenge that was "entirely collateral" to the denial of benefits, 424 U. S., at 330, and where the petitioner had made a colorable showing that full postdeprivation relief could not be obtained, id., at 331.

McNary v. Haitian Refugee Center, Inc., 498 U. S. 479 (1991), similarly held that an alien could bring a due process challenge to Immigration and Naturalization Service amnesty determination procedures, despite an Immigration and Nationality Act provision expressly limiting judicial review of individual amnesty determinations to deportation or exclusion proceedings. See 8 U. S. C. 1160(e). This Court held that the statutory language did not evidence an intent to preclude broad "pattern and practice" challenges to the program, 498 U. S., at 494, 497, and acknowledged that "if not allowed to pursue their claims in the District Court, respondents would not as a practical matter be able to obtain meaningful judicial review," id., at 496.

An analogous situation is not presented here. Petitioner pressed two primary claims below: that the UMWA designation under 813(f) violates the principles of collective bar-

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