Eastern Associated Coal Corp. v. Mine Workers, 531 U.S. 57, 3 (2000)

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Cite as: 531 U. S. 57 (2000)

Opinion of the Court

Breyer, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Rehnquist, C. J., and Stevens, O'Connor, Kennedy, Souter, and Ginsburg, JJ., joined. Scalia, J., filed an opinion concurring in the judgment, in which Thomas, J., joined, post, p. 67.

John G. Roberts, Jr., argued the cause for petitioner. With him on the briefs were David G. Leitch, H. Christopher Bartolomucci, Ronald E. Meisburg, Anna M. Dailey, and Donna C. Kelly.

John R. Mooney argued the cause for respondents. With him on the brief were Jonathan P. Hiatt, James B. Coppess, Judith Rivlin, Charles F. Donnelly, and Laurence Gold.

Malcolm L. Stewart argued the cause for the United States as amicus curiae urging affirmance. With him on the brief were Solicitor General Waxman, Acting Assistant Attorney General Ogden, Deputy Solicitor General Wallace, William Kanter, Mark W. Pennak, Nancy E. McFadden, Paul M. Geier, and Peter J. Plocki.*

Justice Breyer delivered the opinion of the Court.

A labor arbitrator ordered an employer to reinstate an employee truck driver who had twice tested positive for marijuana. The question before us is whether considerations of public policy require courts to refuse to enforce that arbitration award. We conclude that they do not. The courts may enforce the award. And the employer must reinstate, rather than discharge, the employee.

*Briefs of amici curiae urging reversal were filed for the Air Transport Association of America et al. by John J. Gallagher and Neal D. Mollen; for the Equal Employment Advisory Council by Robert E. Williams and Ann Elizabeth Reesman; for Exxon Mobile Corp. by Walter E. Dellinger and John F. Daum; and for the Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace by Peter A. Susser.

Theodore J. St. Antoine, John Kagel, and David E. Feller filed a brief for the National Academy of Arbitrators as amicus curiae urging affirmance.


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