Ex parte KUKLA et al. - Page 3




            Appeal No. 1997-1826                                                                          
            Application No. 08/304,951                                                                    

                  The appealed claims stand rejected under 35 U.S.C.  103                                
            as unpatentable over Carabateas (Answer, page 2).  We affirm                                  
            this rejection for reasons which follow.                                                      
            OPINION                                                                                       
                  The compounds specified in claim 14 on appeal contain an                                
            unsubstituted amino substituent at the 9-position (see formula                                
            II-H).  The examiner finds that Carabateas discloses compounds                                
            which are generic to the compounds claimed by appellants                                      
            (Answer, page 2, citing Carabateas, col. 1, l. 45+).                                          
            Appellants do not contest this finding (Answer, page 3; Brief,                                
            page 5; Reply Brief, page 1).  The examiner finds that                                        
            Carabateas discloses several examples of specific compounds                                   
            with an “amino-type group” on the benzene ring, such as an                                    
            alkylamino substituent (Answer, page 2, citing Carabateas,                                    
            col. 8, Table C, compounds 7J, 7K, and 7L).  Appellants do not                                
            contest this finding regarding the alkylamino substituents                                    
            (Brief, sentence bridging pages 5-6).                                                         
                  The examiner finds that loweralkylamino substituents are                                
            considered to be equivalent to primary amino substituents on                                  
            the benzene ring by Carabateas (Answer, page 2, citing                                        
            Carabateas, col. 1, ll. 63-65).  In view of these findings,                                   

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