Ex parte GILLIG et al. - Page 12

                 Appeal No. 1998-1491                                                                                    Page 12                        
                 Application No. 08/654,502                                                                                                             

                 conclusions impermissibly rely on the appellants' teachings or                                                                         
                 suggestions to piece together the teachings of the prior art.                                                                          
                 He fails to establish a prima facie case of obviousness.                                                                               
                 Therefore, we reverse the rejections of claims 30-57 over                                                                              
                 Dinkins in view of Bhagat, Dinkins in view of Sasaki, or                                                                               
                 Dinkins in view of Nonami.  Next, we address the rejections                                                                            
                 relying on Kinoshita as the primary reference.                                                                                         

                                                Rejections Relying on Kinoshita                                                                         
                          Although Kinoshita teaches first and second                                                                                   
                 communications circuits that provide two-way communication,                                                                            
                 col. 1, ll. 39-41 ("a radio frequency circuit of the private                                                                           
                 radio frequency channels in addition to the radio frequency of                                                                         
                 the urban cellular                                                                                                                     
                 radio telephone"), the examiner admits that the primary                                                                                
                 reference "does not disclose that each of the communication                                                                            

                 communication circuits contained in separate housings, the                                                                             
                 communication provided by the circuits is not two-way.  To the                                                                         
                 contrary, it is a one-way paging signal.  Accordingly, we are                                                                          
                 also not persuaded that teachings from any of these references                                                                         
                 alone would appear to have suggested the claimed limitations                                                                           
                 of separate two-way communication circuits contained in                                                                                
                 separate housings.                                                                                                                     

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