Ex parte VOLLENWEIDER - Page 6

               Appeal No. 1998-2179                                                                          Page 6                 
               Application No. 08/433,231                                                                                           

                       The test for obviousness is what the combined teachings of the references would have                         
               suggested to one of ordinary skill in the art.  See In re Young, 927 F.2d 588, 591, 18                               
               USPQ2d 1089, 1091 (Fed. Cir. 1991) and In re Keller, 642 F.2d 413, 425, 208 USPQ 871,                                
               881 (CCPA 1981).  Indeed, a prima facie case of obviousness is established where the                                 
               reference teachings would appear to be sufficient for one of ordinary skill in the art having                        
               those teachings before him to make the proposed combination or modification.  See In re                              
               Lintner, 458 F.2d 1013, 1016, 173 USPQ 560, 562 (CCPA 1972).                                                         
                       As discussed above, Newsome discloses that running shingles, such as the uniform                             
               shingle 11 formed by the disclosed apparatus, have been formed as a convenient way of                                
               transporting signatures from one location to another and into further processing devices such as                     
               quarter-folders, labeling machines, stackers, etc.  Reist discloses a device for winding-up                          
               products, such as printed products conveyed in imbricated (shingle) formation.  From our                             
               perspective, one of ordinary skill in the art would have recognized the Reist winding apparatus,                     
               into which printed products are conveyed in the form of a running shingle, as the type of                            
               processing device referred to by Newsome and, as such, would have been motivated, by the                             
               combined teachings of Newsome and Reist, to use the running-shingle formation apparatus of                           
               Newsome to transport printed signatures to a winding apparatus as taught by Reist to form the                        
               products into a package.  The appellant's argument that it would have made no sense to use the                       
               Newsome apparatus to store again the documents previously stored in stacks 10 is not well                            

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